Phenomenological perspective
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Terms in this set (27)
Extrinsic motivationcomes from external sourcesIncongruitydisorganization, breakdown in wholeness or integration or self. Conflict between ideal and actual selfDefenses of incongruityRationalization, Denial. Used to protect self esteemMaslowStudied motivation and believed in a hierarchal system. Need the more basic levels of happiness to reach the higher levels (happiness pryamid scheme)Hierarchie of needsPsychological, safety, belonging, esteem, cognitive, aesthetic, self-actualization, transcendenceGeorge KellyHumans are natural scientists, and have their own personal constructs of how the world worksfundamental postulateactions are determined by the constructs people use to anticipate eventsconstructive alternativismAll events are open to interpretation, People develop constructs based on the world around them. Memories can be reconstructedConstructslead to hypothesis about how things will happen. Can evolve over time by learning (confirmed = retain construct for future/disconfirmed = revise or abandon construct)Predictive efficiencydegree in which constructs predict correctlyCore rolesMajor determinates of your identity. Failure to fulfill these roles results in guiltexsitintial perspectiveBelief that a person is responsible for finding meaning in life (emphasizes free choice)Exsitienal dilemmaDeath is inevitable, and anxiety about loaming deathFully functioning personSomeone who has self-actualizationcontingent self worthSelf-acceptance that's based on performance in some domain of life. (sports, educations, looks)peak experienceExact moment of intense self-actualizationConditional self regardMay interfere with self-actualization. When conditions of worth conflict with your actual needs for self-actualization (when an outside force or pressure makes you stray from your dream)