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2 early English colonies failed, but ______ survived partly because of individual effort and hard work
export, raw, Protestant
Colonies would provide: market for English ______, source of ___ materials, establish _____ faith in Americas
economic, religious persecution, freedom
English colonists go to America b/c: to seek ______ opportunity, escape _______ ________ and achieve religious _______ (for themselves)
Sir Walter ______ is the only one to invest money in Roanoke, so when it fails, he loses his investment
Roanoke fails because colonies must create own ______ instead of exploiting country/natives, and the wealth of no one man was enough for the colony to survive to the point where it would produce ____
To raise money for colonies, turn to _____-____ _______, which is backed by investors, who split profits and losses. Make Virginia company of London, Virginia Company of Pymouth
religious, social, economic
Hakluyt's reasons for wanting England to start colonies: _____, so they can convert people to Protestant. _______, because enclosure of farm fields for shep herding and influx of American gold causes food prices to rise but wages stay the same. _______, need for outlets for capitol, and need raw material
The colonists don't think they'll be staying in Jamestown, they just want to find gold and leave, but they waste time searching instead of focusing on _____
decayed, paupers, Native Americans
Over half of Jamestown colonists die b/c of the inadequecy of settlers- some were ______ gentlemen, and others were urban ________. Inefficient management by bickering council memebers, and b/c of this, no food/supllies are grown, so tehy have to take from the ________ _________, who become hostile
Another reason Jamestown settlers died was because the settlers had to work for the ______, not for them selves. This reduces incentive, so settlers start looking for ___ so they can leave
John Smith, Powhatan, disorganized
____ ____ comes to Jamestown. Although he has no frontier techniques, he has experience and assigns responsibilities. also trades with _______ tribe. He goes back and then returns and finds that barely any of the colonists survived b/c once he left they became ______ again
tobacco, private, indentured servants, Burgesses
reasons for Jamestown success: 1. Start growing stable crop, _______. 2. transition to _______ ownership. 3. Have growing labor supply- _______ ______. 4. Governing council goes to House of __________
fees/tax, James, royal colony
The disolution of virginia company: 2 reasons: 1. conflict over ___/___ duties. 2. Becomes weakened b/c of death rate, caused by inexperience and weak defense against Native Americans. King _____ I seizes colony and it becomes a _____ ______
Relations with Powhatan grow worse bcause settlers take land, so to improve relations John _____ marries the chief;s daughter, _________
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured srvants, and they _____ wealthy landowners
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured servants and they resent ______ landowners
Bacon and followers are killed, and House of Burgesses make new laws to prevent _____ from taking too much ___
_______ were _______ who were persecuted so they left the church of England and sailed to America
Mayflower Compact, self, majority, Squatter's Agreement
Pilgrims write ________ ______, says that they will obey rules, and establishes idea of ___ government and _______ rule. AKA ________ ________
Pawtuxet, treaty, terminated
Pilgrims befriend Squanto, a ______, and Samoset. Sets up _____ between colonists and Native Americans. After Squanto dies, this is ______
Massachusetts Bay Colony
In __________ ____ __________, if you are not a Puritan, your rights and voice are suppressed.
basic unit of commonwealth is ________. This sets up own _____, and each of these has form of self-government
New England way, read
Puritans follow "__ _______ ___": ____ ethic helps growth of colonies, and all children are required to learn to ____
Thomas Hooker, Connecticut, representative
________ _____ adopts Fundamental Orders of _______: extends voting rights to non-church members, limits governor power, expands idea of ________ government
Williams, intolerance, Rhode Island
Roger _______, minister in Salem, publishes "Bloody Tenent of Persecution", indicates that MBC has religious ________. He is forced to leave the colony, and founds _____ ______ AKA Rogue Island
Philip, individuals, everyone
King ____ was actually a Native American named Metacomet. To Europeans, land is owned by _______. To Native Americans, land is owned by ______.
_____ ______ War: war between Puritans and Native Americans. Native Americans lose, forced to become workers and English settle farther into Native American lands
Dutch found New Netherland, includes _____ River Valley, Long Island, land along Delaware River.
Dutch have ______ system. Each one of these brings 50 people, get land grant. Africans (slaves/indentured servants), Jews, Puritans come
New England governor Peter Stuyvesant attack New _____, wants to add land to New Netherland, place they attack surrenders
York, trade, geographically
Duke of ____ is supposed to drive Dutch out of New Netherland because Dutch colonies threaten England's _____, and Dutch colonies _______ divide English colonies
New Jersey, representative
Duke of York gives __ _____ to friends/ Promise settlers religious freedom, land grants, _______ assembly
William ____ joins Quakers and from a previous debt from king, receives large piece of land, turns it into ________ for Quakers
tobacco, rice, indigo
southern colonies- Maryland, the Carolinas, Georgia and Virginia, grow _______, ____, ______
Maryland has __________ ___; promise of freedom of religion. Passed this because Protestant were becoming the majority population
Maryland eventually becomes a _____ ______ because Lord Baltimore has difficulty holding on to it
rice, indigo, African
Carolina grows ____ and ______ and uses _______ slave labor because rice requires hard labor
colonists overthrow Carolina's _______ rule and it becomes a royal colony. It divides into North and South Carolina
During English-Spanish war, ____ tries to oust out _____ colonies but fails. Georgia was used as a buffer against Spanish
James ________ founds Georgia, and all religions welcome. His strict rules upset colonists, so King makes it a royal colony
New England, Middle, Southern
There are 3 regions: ___ ______ colonies, ______ colonies, ________ colonies
churches, theocracy, landowners
MBC gives land to ______, and they start a congregation. Town becomes ______. People who vote are _________
_______ is the main economic activity in New England. For ships, they harvest ______
other, Europe, triangular
New England has 3 types of trade: with _____ colonies, direct exchange of goods with ______, and the _______ trade
Africa, Indies, molasses
Trianggular trade has 3 stops: In ______, trade goods for slaves, in West _____, trade slaves for sugar and ______. Take sugar and _______ (same as blank before this) back o New England
Navigation, ships, ports,
England passes _______ Acts to get $ from colonial trade. use English _____, or this made in English colonies. Sell products only to England and it's colonies. European imports to colonies must pass through English _____. English officials tax colonial goods that aren't being shipped to England
Quakers believe men and ______ are equal, have them as preachers. Quakers also protest ______
in 1215, King John is forced to accept _____ ______ (Great Charter). Grants rights to English noblemen/freemen
property, witnesses, peers
One of the rules of the Magna Carta was that people cannot have ______ seized by the king or his officials. In most cases, you cannot be taxed unless the council agrees. You cannot be put on trial without ______, and can only be punished by jury of _____
What was it called when King James is overthrown by Parliament, and William and Mary take over the throne?
Parliament, punishment, complain
The English bill of Rights says that: monarch cannot cancel laws. monarch cannot impose taxes unless _______ agrees. There are free elections, frequent meetings of Parliament. Excessive fines and cruel ________ forbidden. People can ________ to monarch without being arrested
Massachusetts, power, Salutary Neglect
After Glorious Revolution, __________ regains self government, but still have a king-appointed royal governor. Governor, his council, colonial assembly share _____. Royal governor can strike down laws, but if he does, then assembly might refuse to pay him. England has little involvement in colonial affairs- _______ ________. Governors rarely enforce certain laws, so colonists feel independent.
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