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Conde ch. 3-4.2

OK so I know there is already a set for ch 3 but i am making this off of his notes on his website and what he said in my class (4th period). I'm sorry a lot of the stuff is out of order btw
2 early English colonies failed, but ______ survived partly because of individual effort and hard work
Spanish Armada
After the defeat of this, England was free to colonize North America
Richard Hakluyt
___________ _________ urges England to start colonies
export, raw, Protestant
Colonies would provide: market for English ______, source of ___ materials, establish _____ faith in Americas
economic, religious persecution, freedom
English colonists go to America b/c: to seek ______ opportunity, escape _______ ________ and achieve religious _______ (for themselves)
Sir Walter ______ begins colony on Roanoke island, Virginia
Native Americans cut off Roanoke settlers' food supply, so settlers return to ______
at the second Roanoke colony, the colonists _______, never found out what happened
_______ colony faces hardship (1607) so return to england
Sir Walter ______ is the only one to invest money in Roanoke, so when it fails, he loses his investment
frontier techniques
colonists lack _______ ________, so have difficulty surviving
wealth, profit
Roanoke fails because colonies must create own ______ instead of exploiting country/natives, and the wealth of no one man was enough for the colony to survive to the point where it would produce ____
joint-stock compnay
To raise money for colonies, turn to _____-____ _______, which is backed by investors, who split profits and losses. Make Virginia company of London, Virginia Company of Pymouth
Virginia company is given ______, so finances expedition to Chesapeake Bay
religious, social, economic
Hakluyt's reasons for wanting England to start colonies: _____, so they can convert people to Protestant. _______, because enclosure of farm fields for shep herding and influx of American gold causes food prices to rise but wages stay the same. _______, need for outlets for capitol, and need raw material
enough money to buy more supplies for colony
chespapeake Bay expedition starts _______, and settlers face disease and harsh weather
Jamestown settlers told they would find ____, so they waste time searching
The colonists don't think they'll be staying in Jamestown, they just want to find gold and leave, but they waste time searching instead of focusing on _____
decayed, paupers, Native Americans
Over half of Jamestown colonists die b/c of the inadequecy of settlers- some were ______ gentlemen, and others were urban ________. Inefficient management by bickering council memebers, and b/c of this, no food/supllies are grown, so tehy have to take from the ________ _________, who become hostile
company, gold
Another reason Jamestown settlers died was because the settlers had to work for the ______, not for them selves. This reduces incentive, so settlers start looking for ___ so they can leave
John Smith, Powhatan, disorganized
____ ____ comes to Jamestown. Although he has no frontier techniques, he has experience and assigns responsibilities. also trades with _______ tribe. He goes back and then returns and finds that barely any of the colonists survived b/c once he left they became ______ again
Warr, tobacco
Lord De La _____ imposes discipline, and the settlers start growing _______
tobacco, private, indentured servants, Burgesses
reasons for Jamestown success: 1. Start growing stable crop, _______. 2. transition to _______ ownership. 3. Have growing labor supply- _______ ______. 4. Governing council goes to House of __________
fees/tax, James, royal colony
The disolution of virginia company: 2 reasons: 1. conflict over ___/___ duties. 2. Becomes weakened b/c of death rate, caused by inexperience and weak defense against Native Americans. King _____ I seizes colony and it becomes a _____ ______
Rolfe, Pocahontas
Relations with Powhatan grow worse bcause settlers take land, so to improve relations John _____ marries the chief;s daughter, _________
25, resent
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured srvants, and they _____ wealthy landowners
The problem was that when indentured servants became free there was no ____ for them
Rolfe, Pocahontas
to make better the relations with Powhatan, John _____ marries ______
25, wealthy
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured servants and they resent ______ landowners
Bacon, Berkely
Nathaniel ____, who is wealthy, accuses governor William _____ of favoring wealthy
Native Americans
Bacon wants to start war against ______ ______ to get more land
Jamestown, Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon burns Jamestown, this is ________ ___________
governor, power
Bacon and followers are killed, and House of Burgesses make new laws to prevent _____ from taking too much ___
Bacon's Rebellion brought House of Burgesses closer to being a ______
Pilgrims, Separatists
_______ were _______ who were persecuted so they left the church of England and sailed to America
Mayflower Compact, self, majority, Squatter's Agreement
Pilgrims write ________ ______, says that they will obey rules, and establishes idea of ___ government and _______ rule. AKA ________ ________
_____ plays a large role in settlement aand government of New England colonies
Pawtuxet, treaty, terminated
Pilgrims befriend Squanto, a ______, and Samoset. Sets up _____ between colonists and Native Americans. After Squanto dies, this is ______
Massachusetts Bay Colony
In __________ ____ __________, if you are not a Puritan, your rights and voice are suppressed.
Great Migration
This movement of puritans is called the _____ _______
First governor of MBC John Winthrop sets up ___________
congregation, town
basic unit of commonwealth is ________. This sets up own _____, and each of these has form of self-government
New England way, read
Puritans follow "__ _______ ___": ____ ethic helps growth of colonies, and all children are required to learn to ____
Thomas Hooker, Connecticut, representative
________ _____ adopts Fundamental Orders of _______: extends voting rights to non-church members, limits governor power, expands idea of ________ government
______ is first European settlement in new Hampshire
Williams, intolerance, Rhode Island
Roger _______, minister in Salem, publishes "Bloody Tenent of Persecution", indicates that MBC has religious ________. He is forced to leave the colony, and founds _____ ______ AKA Rogue Island
Anne ______ believes you can worship without church, Bible
_____ believe everyone has an Inner Light, and that all people are equal
Philip, individuals, everyone
King ____ was actually a Native American named Metacomet. To Europeans, land is owned by _______. To Native Americans, land is owned by ______.
King Philip's
_____ ______ War: war between Puritans and Native Americans. Native Americans lose, forced to become workers and English settle farther into Native American lands
Salem witch trials show how society makes _____ out of people
tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo
South has good soil and cash crops are ________, ____, _____, _____
harbors, subsistence
New England has ______ but bad soil. Are _______ farmers
Middle Colonies produce this crop, which helped in Civil War
Dutch are ok with religious freedom, but no ________
Dutch found New Netherland, includes _____ River Valley, Long Island, land along Delaware River.
Dutch have ______ system. Each one of these brings 50 people, get land grant. Africans (slaves/indentured servants), Jews, Puritans come
New England governor Peter Stuyvesant attack New _____, wants to add land to New Netherland, place they attack surrenders
York, trade, geographically
Duke of ____ is supposed to drive Dutch out of New Netherland because Dutch colonies threaten England's _____, and Dutch colonies _______ divide English colonies
New Netherland surrenders to England and Duke of York makes it into ______ colony
New Jersey, representative
Duke of York gives __ _____ to friends/ Promise settlers religious freedom, land grants, _______ assembly
Penn, Pennsylvania
William ____ joins Quakers and from a previous debt from king, receives large piece of land, turns it into ________ for Quakers
Three Lower Counties
____ _____ ________ join together and form Delaware
tobacco, rice, indigo
southern colonies- Maryland, the Carolinas, Georgia and Virginia, grow _______, ____, ______
"blue gold"
Lord Baltimore establishes Maryland for Roman _______
Toleration Act
Maryland has __________ ___; promise of freedom of religion. Passed this because Protestant were becoming the majority population
Virginia and Maryland
Which 2 colonies' economies were based on tobacco?
royal colony
Maryland eventually becomes a _____ ______ because Lord Baltimore has difficulty holding on to it
George Calvert
Who was Lord Baltimore?
rice, indigo, African
Carolina grows ____ and ______ and uses _______ slave labor because rice requires hard labor
Charles Town
First Carolina settlement
colonists overthrow Carolina's _______ rule and it becomes a royal colony. It divides into North and South Carolina
Hlaf of South Carolina's population is ______, since they grow rice, which is hard work
Georgia was a ______ colony. People have money, so tehy help debtors
Georgia was founded to help ______ get a fresh start
Spain, English
During English-Spanish war, ____ tries to oust out _____ colonies but fails. Georgia was used as a buffer against Spanish
James ________ founds Georgia, and all religions welcome. His strict rules upset colonists, so King makes it a royal colony
Savannah, Georgia was important because it was a ____
slaves, rum, Catholics
Oglethorpe outlawed ______, ___, _________
New England, Middle, Southern
There are 3 regions: ___ ______ colonies, ______ colonies, ________ colonies
_________- region along Appalachian Mountains
cold, rocky, English
New England- ____ weather, _____ soil, mostly ______ settlers
short, fertile, Europe
Middle Colonies- ____ winters, _______ soil, settlers from all over ______
warm, good, African
Southern colonies- ____ climate, ____ soil, use enslaved ________ labor
vary, Scots
Backcountry- climate and resources _____, many _____-Irish
churches, theocracy, landowners
MBC gives land to ______, and they start a congregation. Town becomes ______. People who vote are _________
Short growing season causes New Englanders to do __________ farming
Fishing, lumber
_______ is the main economic activity in New England. For ships, they harvest ______
_______ cities like Salem, Boston, New Haven, Newport grow rich
other, Europe, triangular
New England has 3 types of trade: with _____ colonies, direct exchange of goods with ______, and the _______ trade
Africa, Indies, molasses
Trianggular trade has 3 stops: In ______, trade goods for slaves, in West _____, trade slaves for sugar and ______. Take sugar and _______ (same as blank before this) back o New England
Navigation, ships, ports,
England passes _______ Acts to get $ from colonial trade. use English _____, or this made in English colonies. Sell products only to England and it's colonies. European imports to colonies must pass through English _____. English officials tax colonial goods that aren't being shipped to England
for England, colonies were for _______
trade, smuggling
b/c of toleration acts, England has a _____ war, and people start ________
Indentured servants don't come to the colonies anymore because now there are ____ in England
German, Middle
Dutch and _____ farmers bring farming techniques to ______ colonies
Place where grain is ground up to make meal and flour
colonists in Middle colonies have a lot of ______ in their diet
women, slavery
Quakers believe men and ______ are equal, have them as preachers. Quakers also protest ______
what % of middle colonies population is enslaved?
in NYC, who do Africans assist?
the South was ideal for ______ crops
People who watch over slaves while they work
Magna Carta
in 1215, King John is forced to accept _____ ______ (Great Charter). Grants rights to English noblemen/freemen
property, witnesses, peers
One of the rules of the Magna Carta was that people cannot have ______ seized by the king or his officials. In most cases, you cannot be taxed unless the council agrees. You cannot be put on trial without ______, and can only be punished by jury of _____
England's chief lawmaking body
members of house of ______ are elected by the people
members of House of _____ are nonelected
England has authority over _____ governments
Glorious Revolution
What was it called when King James is overthrown by Parliament, and William and Mary take over the throne?
Who led the Glorious Revolution? Oliver ______
William and Mary uphold the English Bill of ______
Parliament, punishment, complain
The English bill of Rights says that: monarch cannot cancel laws. monarch cannot impose taxes unless _______ agrees. There are free elections, frequent meetings of Parliament. Excessive fines and cruel ________ forbidden. People can ________ to monarch without being arrested
William and Mary establish government based on law, not ______ of ruler
Massachusetts, power, Salutary Neglect
After Glorious Revolution, __________ regains self government, but still have a king-appointed royal governor. Governor, his council, colonial assembly share _____. Royal governor can strike down laws, but if he does, then assembly might refuse to pay him. England has little involvement in colonial affairs- _______ ________. Governors rarely enforce certain laws, so colonists feel independent.
Zenger, press
John Peter ______ helps colonists move towards freedom of ____