Conde ch. 3-4.2

OK so I know there is already a set for ch 3 but i am making this off of his notes on his website and what he said in my class (4th period). I'm sorry a lot of the stuff is out of order btw
STUDY
PLAY
Jamestown
2 early English colonies failed, but ______ survived partly because of individual effort and hard work
Spanish Armada
After the defeat of this, England was free to colonize North America
Richard Hakluyt
___________ _________ urges England to start colonies
export, raw, Protestant
Colonies would provide: market for English ______, source of ___ materials, establish _____ faith in Americas
economic, religious persecution, freedom
English colonists go to America b/c: to seek ______ opportunity, escape _______ ________ and achieve religious _______ (for themselves)
Raleigh
Sir Walter ______ begins colony on Roanoke island, Virginia
England
Native Americans cut off Roanoke settlers' food supply, so settlers return to ______
disappeared
at the second Roanoke colony, the colonists _______, never found out what happened
Sagadahoc
_______ colony faces hardship (1607) so return to england
Raleigh
Sir Walter ______ is the only one to invest money in Roanoke, so when it fails, he loses his investment
frontier techniques
colonists lack _______ ________, so have difficulty surviving
wealth, profit
Roanoke fails because colonies must create own ______ instead of exploiting country/natives, and the wealth of no one man was enough for the colony to survive to the point where it would produce ____
joint-stock compnay
To raise money for colonies, turn to _____-____ _______, which is backed by investors, who split profits and losses. Make Virginia company of London, Virginia Company of Pymouth
charter
Virginia company is given ______, so finances expedition to Chesapeake Bay
religious, social, economic
Hakluyt's reasons for wanting England to start colonies: _____, so they can convert people to Protestant. _______, because enclosure of farm fields for shep herding and influx of American gold causes food prices to rise but wages stay the same. _______, need for outlets for capitol, and need raw material
capitol
enough money to buy more supplies for colony
Jamestown
chespapeake Bay expedition starts _______, and settlers face disease and harsh weather
gold
Jamestown settlers told they would find ____, so they waste time searching
food
The colonists don't think they'll be staying in Jamestown, they just want to find gold and leave, but they waste time searching instead of focusing on _____
decayed, paupers, Native Americans
Over half of Jamestown colonists die b/c of the inadequecy of settlers- some were ______ gentlemen, and others were urban ________. Inefficient management by bickering council memebers, and b/c of this, no food/supllies are grown, so tehy have to take from the ________ _________, who become hostile
company, gold
Another reason Jamestown settlers died was because the settlers had to work for the ______, not for them selves. This reduces incentive, so settlers start looking for ___ so they can leave
John Smith, Powhatan, disorganized
____ ____ comes to Jamestown. Although he has no frontier techniques, he has experience and assigns responsibilities. also trades with _______ tribe. He goes back and then returns and finds that barely any of the colonists survived b/c once he left they became ______ again
Warr, tobacco
Lord De La _____ imposes discipline, and the settlers start growing _______
tobacco, private, indentured servants, Burgesses
reasons for Jamestown success: 1. Start growing stable crop, _______. 2. transition to _______ ownership. 3. Have growing labor supply- _______ ______. 4. Governing council goes to House of __________
fees/tax, James, royal colony
The disolution of virginia company: 2 reasons: 1. conflict over ___/___ duties. 2. Becomes weakened b/c of death rate, caused by inexperience and weak defense against Native Americans. King _____ I seizes colony and it becomes a _____ ______
Rolfe, Pocahontas
Relations with Powhatan grow worse bcause settlers take land, so to improve relations John _____ marries the chief;s daughter, _________
25, resent
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured srvants, and they _____ wealthy landowners
land
The problem was that when indentured servants became free there was no ____ for them
Rolfe, Pocahontas
to make better the relations with Powhatan, John _____ marries ______
25, wealthy
__% of white men in English colonies are indentured servants and they resent ______ landowners
Bacon, Berkely
Nathaniel ____, who is wealthy, accuses governor William _____ of favoring wealthy
Native Americans
Bacon wants to start war against ______ ______ to get more land
Jamestown, Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon burns Jamestown, this is ________ ___________
governor, power
Bacon and followers are killed, and House of Burgesses make new laws to prevent _____ from taking too much ___
republic
Bacon's Rebellion brought House of Burgesses closer to being a ______
Pilgrims, Separatists
_______ were _______ who were persecuted so they left the church of England and sailed to America
Mayflower Compact, self, majority, Squatter's Agreement
Pilgrims write ________ ______, says that they will obey rules, and establishes idea of ___ government and _______ rule. AKA ________ ________
Religion
_____ plays a large role in settlement aand government of New England colonies
Pawtuxet, treaty, terminated
Pilgrims befriend Squanto, a ______, and Samoset. Sets up _____ between colonists and Native Americans. After Squanto dies, this is ______
Massachusetts Bay Colony
In __________ ____ __________, if you are not a Puritan, your rights and voice are suppressed.
Great Migration
This movement of puritans is called the _____ _______
commonwealth
First governor of MBC John Winthrop sets up ___________
congregation, town
basic unit of commonwealth is ________. This sets up own _____, and each of these has form of self-government
New England way, read
Puritans follow "__ _______ ___": ____ ethic helps growth of colonies, and all children are required to learn to ____
Thomas Hooker, Connecticut, representative
________ _____ adopts Fundamental Orders of _______: extends voting rights to non-church members, limits governor power, expands idea of ________ government
Portsmouth
______ is first European settlement in new Hampshire
Williams, intolerance, Rhode Island
Roger _______, minister in Salem, publishes "Bloody Tenent of Persecution", indicates that MBC has religious ________. He is forced to leave the colony, and founds _____ ______ AKA Rogue Island
Hutchinson
Anne ______ believes you can worship without church, Bible
Quakers
_____ believe everyone has an Inner Light, and that all people are equal
Philip, individuals, everyone
King ____ was actually a Native American named Metacomet. To Europeans, land is owned by _______. To Native Americans, land is owned by ______.
King Philip's
_____ ______ War: war between Puritans and Native Americans. Native Americans lose, forced to become workers and English settle farther into Native American lands
scapegoats
Salem witch trials show how society makes _____ out of people
tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo
South has good soil and cash crops are ________, ____, _____, _____
harbors, subsistence
New England has ______ but bad soil. Are _______ farmers
wheat
Middle Colonies produce this crop, which helped in Civil War
Catholics
Dutch are ok with religious freedom, but no ________
Hudson
Dutch found New Netherland, includes _____ River Valley, Long Island, land along Delaware River.
patroon
Dutch have ______ system. Each one of these brings 50 people, get land grant. Africans (slaves/indentured servants), Jews, Puritans come
Sweden
New England governor Peter Stuyvesant attack New _____, wants to add land to New Netherland, place they attack surrenders
York, trade, geographically
Duke of ____ is supposed to drive Dutch out of New Netherland because Dutch colonies threaten England's _____, and Dutch colonies _______ divide English colonies
proprietary
New Netherland surrenders to England and Duke of York makes it into ______ colony
New Jersey, representative
Duke of York gives __ _____ to friends/ Promise settlers religious freedom, land grants, _______ assembly
Penn, Pennsylvania
William ____ joins Quakers and from a previous debt from king, receives large piece of land, turns it into ________ for Quakers
Three Lower Counties
____ _____ ________ join together and form Delaware
tobacco, rice, indigo
southern colonies- Maryland, the Carolinas, Georgia and Virginia, grow _______, ____, ______
indigo
"blue gold"
Catholics
Lord Baltimore establishes Maryland for Roman _______
Toleration Act
Maryland has __________ ___; promise of freedom of religion. Passed this because Protestant were becoming the majority population
Virginia and Maryland
Which 2 colonies' economies were based on tobacco?
royal colony
Maryland eventually becomes a _____ ______ because Lord Baltimore has difficulty holding on to it
George Calvert
Who was Lord Baltimore?
rice, indigo, African
Carolina grows ____ and ______ and uses _______ slave labor because rice requires hard labor
Charles Town
First Carolina settlement
proprietary
colonists overthrow Carolina's _______ rule and it becomes a royal colony. It divides into North and South Carolina
slaves
Hlaf of South Carolina's population is ______, since they grow rice, which is hard work
Philanthropist
Georgia was a ______ colony. People have money, so tehy help debtors
debtors
Georgia was founded to help ______ get a fresh start
Spain, English
During English-Spanish war, ____ tries to oust out _____ colonies but fails. Georgia was used as a buffer against Spanish
Oglethorpe
James ________ founds Georgia, and all religions welcome. His strict rules upset colonists, so King makes it a royal colony
port
Savannah, Georgia was important because it was a ____
slaves, rum, Catholics
Oglethorpe outlawed ______, ___, _________
New England, Middle, Southern
There are 3 regions: ___ ______ colonies, ______ colonies, ________ colonies
Backcountry
_________- region along Appalachian Mountains
cold, rocky, English
New England- ____ weather, _____ soil, mostly ______ settlers
short, fertile, Europe
Middle Colonies- ____ winters, _______ soil, settlers from all over ______
warm, good, African
Southern colonies- ____ climate, ____ soil, use enslaved ________ labor
vary, Scots
Backcountry- climate and resources _____, many _____-Irish
churches, theocracy, landowners
MBC gives land to ______, and they start a congregation. Town becomes ______. People who vote are _________
subsistence
Short growing season causes New Englanders to do __________ farming
Fishing, lumber
_______ is the main economic activity in New England. For ships, they harvest ______
Coastal
_______ cities like Salem, Boston, New Haven, Newport grow rich
other, Europe, triangular
New England has 3 types of trade: with _____ colonies, direct exchange of goods with ______, and the _______ trade
Africa, Indies, molasses
Trianggular trade has 3 stops: In ______, trade goods for slaves, in West _____, trade slaves for sugar and ______. Take sugar and _______ (same as blank before this) back o New England
Navigation, ships, ports,
England passes _______ Acts to get $ from colonial trade. use English _____, or this made in English colonies. Sell products only to England and it's colonies. European imports to colonies must pass through English _____. English officials tax colonial goods that aren't being shipped to England
resources
for England, colonies were for _______
trade, smuggling
b/c of toleration acts, England has a _____ war, and people start ________
jobs
Indentured servants don't come to the colonies anymore because now there are ____ in England
German, Middle
Dutch and _____ farmers bring farming techniques to ______ colonies
gristmill
Place where grain is ground up to make meal and flour
grain
colonists in Middle colonies have a lot of ______ in their diet
women, slavery
Quakers believe men and ______ are equal, have them as preachers. Quakers also protest ______
7
what % of middle colonies population is enslaved?
artisans
in NYC, who do Africans assist?
plantation
the South was ideal for ______ crops
overseers
People who watch over slaves while they work
Magna Carta
in 1215, King John is forced to accept _____ ______ (Great Charter). Grants rights to English noblemen/freemen
property, witnesses, peers
One of the rules of the Magna Carta was that people cannot have ______ seized by the king or his officials. In most cases, you cannot be taxed unless the council agrees. You cannot be put on trial without ______, and can only be punished by jury of _____
Parliament
England's chief lawmaking body
Commons
members of house of ______ are elected by the people
Lords
members of House of _____ are nonelected
colonial
England has authority over _____ governments
Glorious Revolution
What was it called when King James is overthrown by Parliament, and William and Mary take over the throne?
Cromwell
Who led the Glorious Revolution? Oliver ______
Rights
William and Mary uphold the English Bill of ______
Parliament, punishment, complain
The English bill of Rights says that: monarch cannot cancel laws. monarch cannot impose taxes unless _______ agrees. There are free elections, frequent meetings of Parliament. Excessive fines and cruel ________ forbidden. People can ________ to monarch without being arrested
desires
William and Mary establish government based on law, not ______ of ruler
Massachusetts, power, Salutary Neglect
After Glorious Revolution, __________ regains self government, but still have a king-appointed royal governor. Governor, his council, colonial assembly share _____. Royal governor can strike down laws, but if he does, then assembly might refuse to pay him. England has little involvement in colonial affairs- _______ ________. Governors rarely enforce certain laws, so colonists feel independent.
Zenger, press
John Peter ______ helps colonists move towards freedom of ____