74 terms

Reproduction

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Amniocentesis
Procedure that a small amount of amniotic fluid is removed to see if there are health risks.
Amniotic Fluid
Fluid in the amniotic sac that contains fetal cells.
Amniotic Sac
Sac that contains the amniotic fluid.
Artificial Insemination
A process of fertilization in which a man's sperm is placed directly into a woman's vagina by a doctor.
Artificial Vegetative Propagation
asexual reproduction in plants...cutting
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction involving 1 parent.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms that one cell divides into two cells of the same size
Budding
A form of asexual reproduction that a new organism grows out of the body of a parent
Cervix
Opening of the uterus
Chorionic Villus Sampling
a prenatal test to detect birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy
Chromosome
Organelle in the cell that contains all of the genetic information.
Cleavage
Division of cells during mitosis.
Cloning
To make an exact copy of an organism.
Conception
When the sperm meets the egg.
Contraception
Birth Control
Corpus Luteum Stage
Stage during the menstrual cycle of a woman
Cytoplasmic Division
When the cytoplasm divides during mitosis
Daughter Cell
New cells created through mitosois
Differentiation
Different cells are made when different genes are turned on.
Female Egg Cell
Female sex cell.
Egg-Laying Mammals
Duck-billed platypus internal fertilization and external development. They feed on milk after hatching.
Estrogen
Female sex hormone
External Fertilization
Fertilization that occurs outside of the body.
Fallopian Tube
Oviduct, part of female where fertilization occurs.
Fertilization
When the sperm meets the egg.
Follicle
Contains the egg.
Fraternal Twins
Twins that come from two fertilized eggs. Are not identical.
FSH
Follicle stimulating hormone. Stimulates the follicles.
Gamete
Sex cells- eggs and sperm
Gametogenesis
Production of sex cells.
Genome
All of an organism's genetic material.
Gestation
Length of pregnancy.
Gonad
Sex organs- testes & ovaries
Identical Twins
Twins that come from one fertilized egg that separates.
In vitro fertilization
Procedure, in which a woman's eggs are mixed with sperm in a dish (in vitro) and then inserted into a woman's uterus.
Internal Fertilization
Fertilization that occurs inside a woman's body
Leaf Cutting
Form of asexual reproduction in plants.
Mammary Glands
Glands in a mammal that produce milk.
Marsupial
Kangaroo- internal fertilization and then external development. Most development occurs in the pouch feeding on milk.
Meiosis
Cell division that produces gametes
Menopause
Permanent ending of the menstrual cycle.
Menstrual Cycle
Cycle during which an egg develops and is released from an ovary and the uterus is prepared to receive a fertilized egg.
Mitosis
Cell division that produces two cells that are identical to the parent cell.
Negative Feedback
Homeostasis in the body is done through what kind of process.
Oogenesis
Process that produces an egg cell.
Ovary
Female reproductive organ that produces egg cells.
Oviduct
Fallopian tube, part of female where fertilization takes place.
Ovulation
Stage of the menstrual cycle that the egg is released.
Penis
Male reproductive organ
Placenta
A structure that allows an embryo to be nourished with the mother's blood supply.
Polar Body
3 are made during the process of meiosis along with an egg cell. They don't survive.
Pouched Mammals
Also called marsupials, internal fertilization and then external development. Most development occurs in the pouch feeding on milk.
Prenatal Care
steps that a pregnant female can take to provide for her own health and the health of her baby
Progesterone
Female hormone.
Prostate Gland
Gland that secrete fluid into the semen
Puberty
Physical process of change characterized the development of secondary sex characteristics.
Runner
A specialized plant stem that grows on the soil's surface and produces new plants
Scrotum
Contains the testes.
Semen
Fluid that is released by the male that contains sperm.
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction that involves 2 parents.
Sperm
Male sex cell
Spermatogenesis
Process that sperm are produced
Surrogate Mother
woman carries child for another couple
Terrestrial
Land.
Testes
Male sex organ.
Testosterone
Male sex hormone.
Umbilical Cord
Attaches the embryo the placenta
Urethra
In males- organ that releases semen and urine. In females- organ that releases urine.
Uterus
Location in the female reproductive system that the embryo develops.
Birth Canal
Location in the female reproductive system, also called the womb.
Vas deferens
Tube that carries sperm from testes.
Vegetative Propagation
Form of asexual reproduction in plants.
Womb
Uterus.
Zygote
Fertilized egg

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