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13 terms

US History Chapter 4 Test (Vocabulary)

To help study the vocabulary of the test on chapter 4! Hope this helps! :)
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chinampas
farm plots built by digging ditches in the lakeshore to channel the water and then piling up the fertile mud into raised beds
conquistadors
Spanish conquerers who are searching mostly for gold in the Americas
creoles
people born in the Americas from Spanish parents (2nd social class- had wealth and education)
encomienda
an idea/system where the king gave favored Spaniards a right to labor a certain number of Indians
mercantalism
an economic idea where a nation becomes strong by filling its treasury with gold and silver
mestizos
people part Spanish and part Indian (lower social class- could not own land but worked on farms, ranches, and in cities)
peninsulares
people born in Spain (top social class-highest government and church positions)
quipu
cords tied with knotted strings of difference colors (number system)
Sapa Inca
the supreme ruler of the Incas
tribute
forced payment
Yo el Rey
Spanish for "I, the king."
prestidios
military forts built to protect the missions
Latinos
a race of intermarried Spaniards, Indians, and Africans