Sociology Ch. 6
Terms in this set (23)
People form impressions of others and manage impressions of themselves at the same time.
The Presentation of Self In Everyday Life--The ability to create impressions is the defining feature of human interaction
The process by which people attempt to present a favorable public image (trying to put your best foot forward, or sell an image to others). The goal is to increase likelihood of obtaining favorable outcomes during interaction. (avoid embarrassment)
Social interaction as a series of theatrical performances. People in everyday life are similar to actors on a stage.
Images being projected (or attempted)
People who observe our behavior
communication with others
Objects used to present image
Front Stage (Dramaturgy)
Where appropriate appearance is maintained.
Back Stage (Dramaturgy)
Where preparation for performance is made and where impression management can be relaxed
Set of individuals who cooperate in staging a performance that leads an audience to form an impression of one or all team members. The teams members are highly dependent on one another and must show a fair amount of trust and loyalty.
When we fail at impression management, we follow different tactics to re-establish order and regain our identities.
Common emotional reaction to impression (mis)management.
A form of a Aligning action--Statement designed to explain unanticipated, embarrassing, or unacceptable behavior after the behavior has occurred and NOT as a result of your own doing.
Gently persuading someone who has "lost face" to accept a less desirable but still reasonable alternative identity. You want to gently persuade the person in another direction so they don't lose their self-confidence. EX: "lets just be friends"
Action taken to restore order and repair a damaged identity. May be an account or a disclaimer
A form of a aligning action--to attempt to avoid impression mismanagement, people may offer these
Permanent identity spoilage. A deeply discrediting characteristic from societies sake.
According to Goffman, what are the 3 types of Stigma?
3) Related to social group membership
You having some sort of deformation on your body--blind, deaf, etc.
Pedophiles, sex-offender, teen moms, mental illness etc.
Related to social group membership Stigma
Stigma Coping Strategies
-Alter behavior/avoid certain situations
-Embrace the stigmatized trait or behavior as an important part of their identity