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Functions of the Digestive System

STUDY
PLAY
mouth
where digestion begins; with the tongue and teeth is mechanical digestion; saliva beings chemical digestion
salivary glands
release enzymes to chemically break down food
esophagus
tube from mouth to stomach; uses muscles to push food from one area to next
stomach
muscular organ where the food is mixed in acid bath
liver
filters toxins from the blood and makes bile (digests fat)
gallbladder
stores and releases bile into small intestine
pancreas
leaf shape; makes enzymes and releases them into the small intestine; breaks down lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates
small intestine
uses enzymes and bile to break and release nutrients which pass out of membrane into blood stream; waste-large intestine
large intestine
waste is stored in rectum; water is re-absorbed into body
rectum
stores waste
anus
releases waste