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CJ-01 - 2nd sem
Chapter 7, 8, 13, and 14
Terms in this set (121)
CH 7: The federal court system is responsible for the enforcement of federal codes in
All of the above (civil trials, criminal trials, administrative trials)
CH 7: The science or philosophy of law is called
CH 7: The political division of jurisdiction into two systems of courts, federal and state, is referred to as the
dual court system
CH 7: Which Amendment to the Constitution restricted the jurisdiction of the federal courts by declaring that a private citizen from one state cannot sue the government of another state in federal court?
CH 7: Which amendment to the Constitution provided that powers not specifically delegated to the federal government were reserved to the states?
CH 7: A private wrong that causes a harm to another is a
CH 7: This type of law is concerned with definition, regulation, and enforcement of rights cases in which both the person who has a right and the person who has the obligation are private individuals
CH 7: How many federal judicial circuits are there?
CH 7: How many federal courts are there?
more than 100
CH 7: The authority for establishing a federal court system is
Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution
CH 7: Which below is a federal lower court whose powers are limited to trying lesser misdemeanors, setting bail, and assisting district courts in various legal matters?
U.S. Magistrates Courts
CH 7: The trial courts of the federal system are known as the
U.S. District Courts
CH 7: On which tier can the Courts of General Jurisdiction (Trial Courts) be found in the federal court system?
CH 7: What federal courts hear appeals from Courts of Military Review?
U.S. Court of Military Appeals
CH 7: A court that holds sessions in various locations within its jurisdiction is called a
CH 7: U.S. Supreme Court cases that determine how the Constitution is to be interpreted are called
CH 7: A concise statement of the substantial issue that needs to be decided in a case is known as a
CH 7: The power of the Supreme Court to choose what cases it will hear is called
CH 7: When the decision of a court is reversed by a higher court and the case is returned to the court of original jurisdiction with instructions to correct the judicial error, it is said to have been
CH 7: Which below is a court of last resort?
a. Supreme Court
b. Supreme Judicial Court
c. Court of Appeals
d. All of the preceding are courts of last resort.
All of the preceding are courts of last resort
CH 7: The United States is considered to operate a dual court system.
CH 7: Torts are public wrongs that cause physical harm to another.
CH 7: The U.S. Magistrate Courts are the trial courts of the federal system.
CH 7: The U.S. Courts of Appeals hear appeals from U.S. District Courts.
CH 7: Appellate courts have the authority to review the proceedings and verdicts of general trial courts for judicial errors
CH 7: (blank) are private wrongs that cause physical harm to another person.
CH 7: (blank) cases are initiated by private parties
CH 7: Federal Magistrate courts were created by the (blank)
Federal Magistrate Act of 1968
CH 7: (blank) are federal lower courts whose powers are limited to trying lesser misdemeanors, setting bail, and assisting district courts in various legal matters
U.S. Magistrate Courts
CH 7: A concise statement of the main points of a law case is a (blank)
Ch 8: Trying someone twice for the same offense is called
CH 8: Which Amendment to the Constitution prohibits trying someone twice for the same crime?
CH 8: Courts of limited jurisdiction are
not courts of record
CH 8: In which venue are most felony trials held?
state courts of general jurisdiction
CH 8: Which of the crimes/violations listed below would be tried in a court of limited jurisdiction?
CH 8: A bail bondsman's fee is usually what percentage of the set bail?
CH 8: What type of bond bases release on the defendant's signature with a promise to return for trial?
CH 8: Under what type of bond is release based on the defendant's promise to pay the court an amount similar to a cash bail bond if he fails to fulfill a promise to return for trial?
CH 8: The concept that defendants comprehend the charges against them and are able to assist their attorney in their defense is known as
competent to stand trial
CH 8: The calendar on which court cases are scheduled for trial is called
CH 8: The right to a speedy trial refers to
the time between arrest and trial
CH 8: Which Amendment to the Constitution guarantees the defendant the right to a speedy trial?
CH 8: A government employee who works directly with the trial judge and is responsible for court paper work and records before and during a trial is the
clerk of court
CH 8: Who below is not part of the courtroom work group?
CH 8: Who transcribes every word spoken during a trial?
CH 8: A judge's order to participants and observers at a trial that the evidence or proceedings of the court may not be published, aired, or discussed publicly is a
CH 8: How many jurors does the Constitution require for a criminal case?
There is no set number of jurors mandated by the Constitution
CH 8: What is the approximate percentage of all felony defendants that cannot afford an attorney?
CH 8: Defense counsel for a defendant who cannot afford a private attorney is providing what kind of defense?
CH 8: What percentage of court cases at the federal level are disposed of by plea bargaining?
CH 8: Trying a person for the same crime in federal and state courts is not considered double jeopardy.
CH 8: Plea bargaining may only be initiated by the prosecutor.
CH 8: The Fifth Amendment prevents the prosecution from bringing a defendant to trial a second time if the defendant was found not guilty during the first trial.
CH 8: The opportunity to post bail is not a guarantee for every defendant.
CH 8: A bail bondsman operates as a private sector business, and not an arm of the government.
CH 8: A signature bond is commonly used in minor traffic offenses.
CH 8: Every jury trial requires at least 12 sworn jurors.
CH 8: The prosecution must offer every offender an opportunity to plea bargain.
CH 8: Plea bargaining can be initiated by either prosecutor or defense counsel.
CH 8: Contempt of court can only result in a fine and not imprisonment.
CH 13: In Colonial America, the age one could be found able to form mens rea was age
CH 13: In colonial America, a juvenile was considered to be an adult in court at what age
CH 13: The first juvenile court was established in 1899 in what state?
CH 13: Which of the following is NOT a situation in which the juvenile court would assume authority over a juvenile?
The juvenile was mentally ill
CH 13: Which of the following is not an example of a status offense?
CH 13: Which court case established criteria for transferring juvenile offenders into adult court?
Kent v. United States
CH 13: Which court case determined that juveniles cannot be tried in both juvenile and adult court for the same case?
Breed v. Jones
CH 13: Which case established that juveniles do not have a constitutional right to a jury trial?
Mckeiver v. Pennsylvania
CH 13: Which case brought forth to the supreme court the issue of preventive detention for juveniles?
Schall vs. Martin
CH 13: Which of the following is not considered a model of juvenile justice classifying?
CH 13: Which of the following is not a characteristic of hybrid gangs?
They are more violent than in the past
CH 13: The DARE program targeted youth in what grades?
5th and 6th
CH 13: Which of the following is not supported by research on the DARE program?
It has been very effective at preventing drug use in teens
CH 13: In the 2011 The Monitoring the future (MTF) survey by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, for the first time, high school seniors reported the use of which synthetic drug?
CH 13: Which of the following has not been a response to recent violence on school property?
All of the above
CH 13: Bullying has been identified as a common factor associated with?
CH 13: There has been a 300% increase the past 10 years in school-based incidents being referred to?
CH 13: Many female youth gang members get what?
sexually abused at home
CH 13: A new type of youth gang that are school based and less organized in criminal activity are known as?
CH 13: Which of the following sanctions cannot be given by a juvenile court?
CH 13: Colonial American courts said children under age 7 do not have the "ability to form guilty intent," or Mens Rea.
CH 13: The New York House of Refuge was established in the early 1900s.
CH 13: The percentage of juveniles taken into custody that are under the jurisdiction of the criminal court is close to 50%.
CH 13: A juvenile intake officer has broad discretion after a youth has been apprehended by police.
CH 13: Over half of the youth in the juvenile justice systems have mental heath problems.
CH 13: (Blank) are children who have committed an act, which if committed by an adult, would not place them under the authority of the court
CH 13: (Blank) are children who have committed an act, which if committed by an adult, would be criminal.
CH 13: in 1967, In Re (blank) gave juveniles the same due process rights as granted to adults via the 14th amendment
CH 13: In 1970, In Re (blank) established the burden of proof is beyond a reasonable doubt in juvenile proceedings
CH 13: (Blank) is the process through which a juvenile court relinquishes jurisdiction over a juvenile offender, and the case is processed in adult court.
waiver to adult court
Ch 14: Terrorist tactics generally include
random acts of violence on noncombatants
Ch 14: Which of the following is not a type of domestic terrorism
Ch 14: Homeland Security is best defined as
a national effort to prevent terrorist attacks
Ch 14: The DHS has assumed responsibility for the
Transportation Security Administration
Ch 14: Prevention of catastrophic terrorism is most dependent on a unity of efforts between the federal government and
local and state level agencies
Ch 14: Prior to September 11, 2001 the FBI and CIA did not
Ch 14: The cornerstone legislation of Former President Bush's "War on Terror" was known as the
enemy combantant executive order
Ch 14: Critics of president Bush's Enemy Combatant order claim that is
Ch 14: The federal government and first responders have taken action to
improve capacity, communication, and cooperation
Ch 14: The mission of Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) is to
merge and analyze terrorist related information
Ch 14: To counter the treat of terrorist attacks some larger police departments have turned
a joint local federal counter terrorism force
Ch 14: Who reported that the DHS had not reached the results it promised in the creation of this new agency?
Government accountability Office
Ch 14: How many federal agencies were consolidated into the DHS?
Ch 14: Which federal agency is part of the of the Department of Homeland Security?
All of the Above
Ch 14: The CONPLAN establishes what are known as
lead federal agencies
Ch 14: This is a secret list maintained by DHS that prohibits certain people from flying a commercial airplane.
Ch 14: Countries such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and North Korea are considered to be
Ch 14: Fusion centers are usually run by
state or local authorities
Ch 14: Our author states that the fear of terrorism is transforming our nation's cities into
Ch 14: The USA Patriot act allows domestic law enforcement agencies to conduct
searches with out delay notification
Ch 14: The illegal transportation of a person to a foreign country for the purpose of having officials of that country interrogate the person using torture or practices not permitted in the united states is known as
Ch 14: The real ID act requires states to share driver licence information
Ch 14: Domestic terrorism does not include extremist right wing groups
Ch 14: The department of homeland security is not designed to increase domestic intelligence
Ch 14: The U.S department of Treasury is part of DHS
Ch 14: It would appear that the DHS has achieved the results that were outlined during its creation
Ch 14: The purpose of the CONPLAN is to outline a timeline and coordinate response by federal agencies to terrorist attacks or threats
Ch 14: In 2002 TSA hired 55,000 new passanger screeners
Ch 14: According to the HSAS, a green threat advisory means there is a high risk of attack
Ch 14: The nations counter terrorism efforts have created a new respect for due process rights
Ch 14: Most local level law enforcement is unprepared to respond to terrorism
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