Why was the Caliph Uthman disliked by Arabs?
he was the first caliph to be chosen from Muhammads early enemies, the Umayyads
What was the most significant of the transformations brought about by the Abbasid's rise to power?
the admission of the mawali as full members of the Islamic community.
The Umayyads were threatened by what developments?
the development of a new religion under muhammads direction, the growing power of medina, the new faith threatened to supplant the gods of the ka'ba
What happened to the Abbasid's control of the empire by the 9th century?
It began to lose control of its empire
What was the name of the political and theological faction within Islam only Ali and the descendants of the family of Muhammad as rightful rulers called?
What was the nature of the material culture of Bedouin society?
except in the sedentary agricultural communities of the south, there was little art or architecture; and the chief focus of cultural creativity was oral poetry
What was the nature of slavery within the Abbasid social system?
because most unskilled labor was left to the unfree, slaves could be found in both the towns and countryside of the abbasid empire