1864. 19th century theorist. He was the 4th son of 6 children. Family had its roots in New England. Was born into large family of farmers and hoping to raise his level of social prestige, he felt needed to acquire an education and move west.
Charles Cooley was born in ..
He started as an editor and real estate operator, then became a lawyer, then became a Supreme Court of Michigan, dean of the University of Michigan Law School. First Chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission
population growth was related to the amount of expansion of roads and railways.
The Theory of Transportation
Discipline of sociology. He began his career in the study of social structures, later become sole interested in the study of society on micro level, especially an interest in the social-psychological aspect of sociology.
Cooley contribution was
instructor of sociology, and became assistant professor. He rank quickly and became an associate professor, three years later was appointed full professor.
In 1895 to 1899 Cooley served as
William James, James Baldwin, Charles Darwin, and Herbert Spencer.
The social thinkers who had the greatest influence on Cooley were:
"Social self" is a core of ideas adhering to the self with such words as: I, Me, Mine, Myself. The self consists of those things individuals come to see as belonging distinctively to them.
William James theory...
The organic view of society
Cooley Concepts and Contributions (pg. 156)
*** Charles Cooley did not believe in ...
"Primary Groups" observed, not research
*** Charles Cooley coined the ...
intimate, face-to-face groups that play a key role in linking the individual to the larger society. It is relatively small, informal, involves close personal relationships, and has an important role in shaping the self.
The fundamental properties of Primary Group are...
is impersonal and tries to accomplish some specific goal
A Secondary Group is a social group that...
a family gathering for a religious holiday.
Examples of Primary groups...
a Microsoft corp awards banquet
Example of Secondary groups...
all processes of the social system are interrelated.
Charles Cooley believed that...
"all nature, all life, human life, and social life are interrelated, interdependent, and interconnected unities."
Cooley's organic view of society is...
what you believed yourself concept is based on how others percieve you. i.e. don't try to change who you are just to fit in, bc at the end you are still who you are.
Cooly's Looking-glass self..
the Primary group, Human nature, and the Looking-glass self, often referred to "Triadic relationship"
### The organic point of view is the concepts of...
The Primary group, Human nature, and the Looking-glass self.
Three concepts of Triadic relationship are pg 157
Mutually related and dependent. One cannot survive without the others.
The Primary group, Human nature, and the Looking-glass self, they are..
Cooley, refers to small, intimate, face-to-face group, small, informal, invovles close personal relationships
Primary Group was coined by
We think of ourselves as we imagine how others view us.
interactions in primary groups. It cannot develope without Human nature.
Human nature also develops through...
social self arises out of interaction with others, based on our perception of how others see us, we develop our reflected selves.
Charles Cooley believed...
We imagine how we appear to others (our perception of how others see us) 2. We imagine the reaction of others to our (imagined) appearance 3. We evaluate ourselves according to how we imagine others have judged us This process is not a conscious process and the stages can occur quickly. The results can be positive or negative self-evaluation
(159) Three key principles of the Looking-Glass Self...
Small group that is characterized by intimate face to face association and cooperation. Ex. Neighborhood softball team, family, armed forces units, street gangs
The acting self that exists in relation to Me.
Cooley and Mead pioneered the development of a microsociological tradition in theory...the "I"
### George Herbert Mead's term for the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image
The study of people as they interact in daily life
active, creative, and spontaneous part of self...
Fear different objects and they also learn how to express their feelings within the context of "I" E.g. "I was so afraid that I was going to fail that test, I could not sleep all night."
"I" is used to describe one's feelings:
Sociologist who emphasized how we continue to develop self.
Sociologist who identified 3 stages for how self develops
generally accepted ways
Cooley urged sociologist to try and put themselves in the place of others they were studying.
The _____ plays the most significant role in the development of the self.
Primary groups is
the secondary group will break down into primary groups
if a secondary group does not satisfy one's need for intimate association, which of the following is most likely to occur.
____that aspect of self is spontaneous, creative, and impulsive, and sometimes unpredictable. It shows itself when feelings of emotions arise and you want to express yourself openly. Personal identity.
Know the difference between Mead's "I"
____the socialized self that makes you concerned about how others view and judge you. To not appear too boastful, you decide to express your elation over the good grade by brining it up over coffee in the student center with a close friend. The me helps control our impulses and allows us to choose our behavior rationally... think before we act.Social Identity. I am... people's thoughts about themselves.
Know the difference between Mead's "Me"
Both the I and Me continually interact to help guide behavior. The thinker, doer, feeler
Know the difference between Mead's "I" and "Me"
Cooley's holistic philosophy, his stress on interactions and interrelations, and his rejection of all types of atomistic interpretation in the study of man were deeply influcenced by the works of Darwin.
Cooley's view of social Darwinism
Popularized by the works of John B. Watson and Ivan Pavlov.
John B. Watson
society consists of a network of communication between component actors and subgroups; therefore, the process of communication,more particularly its embodiment in public opinion, cements social bonds and insures consensus (一致). Cooley saw public opinion as "an organic process," and not merely as a state of agreement about some question of the day.
Social process: In Cooley's view...
the methodology of putting self in places and minds of those being studied. Researchers are sympathetic to who others are and try to understand the meaning and motives that lie at the base of peoples behavior.
includes other persons. Individual also use the term _____ in connection with others that they do not know, for example, when one refers to a baseball game and says, "We lost on a bad call." Even though he is not on the team, they still feel a bond to it.
"I" as it changes to "We"
Defined by Cooley as larger, less intimate, & less long-lasting relationships. Can be small or large groups. Ex: all students in a college, all people in a neighborhood, all people at a corporation.
Society is not an orgasnism, Privacy of the mind, social structure, and philosphy.
What are Cooley's four beliefs?
•student of Mead •coined term symbolic interactionism
George Mead, Charles Horton Cooley
Who are Symbolic Interactionists?
who saw the individual & society as interdependent. Society exists because it's imagined in the mind of the individual. Cooley felt we are shaped by others perceptions.
Both George Herbert Mead & Charles Horton Cooley's symbolic interactionist...
The Self Concept The looking-glass self Significant others Role taking (imitation, play, & game) The generalized other
Symbolic Interactionism uses several key ideas to explain socialization, they are...