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18 terms

Holton English 8: Short Story Terminology

STUDY
PLAY
Atmosphere
the general mood, feeling or spirit of the story generated by the setting and affected by the choice of words and subject matter
characterization
the means through which the author gives life to the characters; the creation of imaginary persons so that they seem lifelike. characterization is achieved through explanation, description, behavior, dialogue, thoughts, motivations, and responses.
antagonist
the person, place, idea of physical force opposing the protagonist.
Climax
the point of highest dramatic intensity; the turning point in the action, after which the reader discovers whether the main character succeeds or fails in his or her struggle.
conflict
the struggle between two opposing forces the main characters problem
foreshadowing
clues or hints which prepare the reader for future action or evens. often hints are given the the atmosphere, physical objects, facts, or character traits which are revealed.
irony
contrast, contradiction, or discrepancy between what is expected and what results. the term refers to a recognition of really different form appearance.
Plot
the action of a story, the arrangement and sequence of related events.
Point of view
the angle from which the author tells the story; the author's and therefore, the readers' perspective on the story
first-person narrative
the narrator uses "I" and participates in the action of the story
chronological
places events in order of time form first to last
flashback
looks back at events which have already occurred.
third person narrative
the narrator uses "he" and "she" and is an outside observer of the story.
Resolution
events following in the climax; the outcome; the aftermath
setting
background against which action takes place, including location, time and environment--social, moral, and emotional conditions- of the characters.
Suspense
anticipation as to the outcome of events, particularly as it may affect the character for whom the reader has sympathy; questions about a situation which leads to curiosity or tension about the outcome.
Symbol
an object, action, person, place, or some other detail which also stands for something abstract and means mort than what it is
theme
a central idea, usually about life or human behavior, on which the story is based. theme is inferred from the story and is rarely stated in a story