16 terms

Urinary System Operative Terms

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urologic endoscopic surgery
use of specialized endoscopes (resectoscope) within the urinary tract to perform various surgical procedures, such as resection of a tumor, repair of an obstruction, stone retrieval placement of a stent, etc.
rectoscope
urologic endoscope inserted through the urethra to reset (cut and remove) lesions of the bladder, urethra, or prostate
intracorporeal lithotripsy
method of destroying stones with the urinary tract using discharges of electrical energy that are transmitted to a probe within a flexible endoscope; most commonly used to pulverize bladder stones
nephrotomy
incision into the kidney
nephrorrhaphy
suture of an injured kidney
nephrolithotomy
incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
nephrectomy
excision of a kidney
pyeloplasty
surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis
stent placement
use of a device (stent) to hold open vessels or tubes (an obstructed ureter)
kidney transplantation
transfer of a kidney from the body of one person (donor) to another (recipient)
renal transplantation
transfer of a kidney from the body of one person (donor) to another (recipient)
urinary diversion
creation of a temporary or permanent diversion of the urinary tract to provide a new passage through which urine exits the body; used to treat defects or diseases (bladder cancer)
noncontinent ileal conduit
removal of a portion of the ileum to use as a conduit to which the ureters are attached at one end; the other end is brought through an opening (stoma) created in the abdomen; urine drains continually into an external appliance (bag); noncontinent indicates that urine cannot be held and drains continually
continent urostomy
an internal reservoir (pouch constructed from a segment of intestine that diverts urine through an opening (stoma) that is brought through the abdominal wall; a valve is created internally to prevent leakage, and the patient empties the pouch by catheterization, continent refers to the ability to hold or retain urine
orthotopic bladder
bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing 'natural' voiding
neobladder
bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing 'natural' voiding