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The name by which the eastern half of the Roman empire became known some time after AD 400.
An ancient city on the north coast of Africa. This city is famous for fighting against Rome in the Punic Wars.
A city established as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire by the emperor Constantine in AD 330, now called Istanbul.
First Roman emperor, won the civil war following Julius Caesar's assassination and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana.
Ruler of the Egyptian government in Alexandria who backed Caesar in the civil war he waged.
Roman emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the Roman Empire.
General of Carthage who marched his army and elephants from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War.
One of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were supreme judges. These elected officials had veto power.
A Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner or war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public.
A member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic.
A period of peace for the Roman Empire that began with the rule of Augustus and lasted for about 200 years.
Elected leaders of ancient Rome who represented the interests of the plebeians. One of the branches of the Roman Republic government.
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians, became the foundation of Roman law.
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