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66 terms

Dictators H Unit 4

Fascism/Communism
STUDY
PLAY
Abolition of _______ in land and application of all ____ of land to public purposes.
property, rents
A heavy progressive or graduated _______ ____
income tax
Abolition of all ______ of ___________
right, inheritance
Confiscation of the ________ of all emigrants and rebels.
property
Centralization of _____ in the hands of the ______ by means of a national ______ with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
credit, State, bank
Centralization of the means of ____________ and transport in the hands of the State
communication
Extension of ________ and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of ____-_____, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a ______ plan
factories, waste-lands, common
Equal liability of all to _____. Establishment of industrial _____, especially for agriculture.
labor, armies
Combination of agriculture with manufacturing _______; gradual abolition of the distinction between ____ and ______, by a more equitable distribution of the population over the country.
industries, town and country
Free _______ for all children in public schools. Abolition of children's factory _____ in its present form. Combination of education with industrial ________.
education, labor, production
"History is driven by _____ _______."
class struggle
communism is (supposed to be) a classless system with an ______ share based on _____
equal, needs
Marx thought it would occur under a _______ revolt
proletariat
Socialism
a theory of system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole
Socialism (in Marxist theory)
the stage in between capitalism and communism, characterized by the imperfect implementation of collectivist principles.
(ideal) Communism
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
(actual) communism
a system in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party
Industrial Revolution (before 1850) was created by...
a big gap between the rich and the poor
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Industrial Revolution?
a) low wages
b) long hours (up to 16 a day)
c) rights and protection of workers
d) no influence over legislative process
C
Communist Manifesto was published in _____ and written by
1848; Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
"Stealing the Thunder" theory was by
Bismarck
the Stealing the Thunder policy was a policy towards ______ in Germany
socialists
Which of the following was not proposed in Bismarck's stealing the thunder policy?
a) insurance paid by employers
b) longer working hours
c) paid holidays from work
d) pensions for disabled
e) retirement plan
B
What was an effect of the Stealing the Thunder policy?
Other countries followed and gave workers voting rights in addition to benefits. It also took away from the communist revolution and made Marx's ideas less appealing
Social Democrats strive to become ______ ______ and use _______ means to bring about the change without a _______
legal parties; political; revolution
Revolutionaries continue to press workers to stand up against _____ and _______ injustice. They openly called for____ against capitalism and want a __________
social; economic; war; revolution
What was the first communist state?
Russia
In November 1917 there was a Revolution that was not mostly led by
workers (proletariat)
The leaders of the November Revolution's demands were about _____ and ____, NOT class struggle
food; war
in the New Economic Plan, ________ ________ was allowed, which was against ideal communism
private property
The November Revolution created a dictatorship of _________, which was not voluntary like ideal communism
proletariat
Communism in the Soviet Union forced people to change, which was not _______
voluntary
The ideal communism's idea that there is no need for __________ was exchanged for MORE in Russia
government
The ideal Communism idea of Worldwide ________ was replaced by Revolution in ________
Revolution; Russia
As the totalitarian state rose, there was _ party in the government
1
In the constitution, there was a line that stated that countries like Poland and Czechoslovakia would always have a ________ __________ with USSR
friendly relationship
There were no limits to the dictator's power: he could _____ the constitution, etc.
adapt
The USSR government had ______ control of ____ aspects of its citizen's lives
total; all
The USSR government offered ____ education and _______, as well as no ______, but offered a lower ______ as well
free, healthcare, taxes, salary
Eastern Europe was forced into communism after _____ by the ______
WWII, USSR
by _____ all of Eastern Europe is communist
1939
T or F: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was NOT brought about by revolution.
T
The people's Republic of China was brought about by __________
revolution
By 1961, _____ was a socialist state
Cuba
In 1945, the ______ was the only communist state
USSR
North Vietnam became communist in _____
1954
T or F: Castro was always communist
F (he was an anti-imperialist at first)
Today, China has adopted ________ economically, though it is still politically communist
capitalism
Cuba is unchanged today but struggling due to a lack of _____
allies
What are some Social Democracies today?
Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Ireland, France, Germany
Fascism
A political philosophy, movement, or regime (as of that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.
What are some known Fascist governments
Italy, Germany and Spain
Mussolini becomes Prime Minister in _____ and dissolves Parliament and all democratic bodies by _____
1922, 1938
Mussolini begins to fix ______ and ______
economy, corruption
the Black Shirts are symbolism for...
the older Roman Days
Mussolini glorifies the ______ and builds a new ______
military, empire
In Italy, war was a means for ______
empire
Italy's idea of fascism was extreme ______, with _____ over ____
nationalism, nation, race
Why was the Reichstag important in Hitler's rise to power?
It allowed him to establish the Enabling Acts to take away the citizen's civil liberties
In Germany, war was means for _______
lebensraum (living space)
Hitler eliminated _______ in Germany
unemployment
In Germany, _____ IS the ______
Race, nation
Before the Civil War in Spain, there was a ______ ________
liberal democracy
Spain becomes a fascist state in _____
1938
Franco built his nation on strong ________
nationalism
Spain had no aspiration for starting outside ____, which is a big difference from other Fascist states
wars