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46 terms

Language of Medicine- Chapter 13- Abbreviations

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Ab
antibody
ABMT
autologous bone marrow transplantation- patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells
ABO
four main blood types- A, B, AB, and O
ALL
acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML
acute myelogenous leukemia
ANC
absolute neutrophil count- this is the total WBC times a measure of the number of neutrophils present in the blood; a normal ____ is about 1500 cells
ASCT
autologous stem cell transplantation
bands
immature white blood cells (granulocytes)
baso
basophils
BMT
bone marrow transplantation
CBC
complete blood count
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation- bleeding disorder marked by reduction in blood clotting factors due to their use and depletion for intravascular clotting
diff
differential count (white blood cells)
EBV
epstein-barr virus; cause of mononucleosis
eos
eosinophils
EPO
erythropoietin
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Fe
iron
G-CSF
granulocyte colony- stimulating factor- promotes neutrophil production
GM-CSF
granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor- promotes myeloid progenitor cells with differentiation to granulocytes
g/dL
gram per deciliter
GVHD
graft-versus-host disease- immune reaction of donor's cells to recipient's tissue
HCL
hairy cell leukemia- abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in bone marrow, leading to anemia, thrombocytopenia, neturopenia, and infection
Hct
hematocrit
Hgb, HGB
hemoglobin
H and H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
HLA
human leukocyte antigen
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
immunoglobulins
lymphs
lymphocytes
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin- average amount of hemoglobin per cell
MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration- average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red blood cell; when _____ is low, the cell is hypochronic
MCV
mean corpuscular volume- average volume or size of a single red blood cell; when____ is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic
mm cubed
cubic millimeter- one millionth of a liter
mono
monocyte
polys, PMNs, PMNLs
polymorphonuclear leukocytes; neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
PT
prothrombin time
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
RBC
red blood cell; red blood cell count
sed rate
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
segs
segmented, mature white blood cells (neutrophils)
SMAC
sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer- an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum
µL
microliter- on millionth of a liter
WBC
white blood cell; white blood cell count
WNL
within normal limits