5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- How does stress relate to back pain?
- Why is strength training important for older adults?
- What is rate of perceived exertion?
- What factors affect strength?
- Benefits of strength training.
- a A perception scale to monitor or interpret the intensity of aerobic exercise
- b Enhances the quality of life, improves balance and restores mobility
- c Excessive stress causes muscles to contract. In the case of lower back, frequent tightening of the muscles can through the back out of alignment and constrict blood vessels to supply oxygen and nutrients to the back.
- d Helps control blood sugar, increases and maintains muscle and a higher resting metabolic rate; encourages weight loss and maintenance, prevents obesity; lessens the risk of injury; reduces chronic lower back pain; alleviates arthritic pain; aids in childbearing (additional benefits on page 210)
- e Neural stimulation, type of muscle fiber, overload, and specificity of training
5 Multiple choice questions
- The US Surgeon General has stated that poor health as a result of the lack of physical activity is a serious public health problem. Lack of physical activity can lead to chronic diseases such as heart disease, type II diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure and osteoporotic fractures.
- The process which permanently changes negative behaviors to positive behaviors that will tend to better health and well-being
- Risk factor is the lifestyle and the genetic variables that may lead to disease.
- Strength is a basic health-related fitness component and is an important one this component for optimal performance in daily activities such as sitting, walking, running, lifting and carrying objects. Endurance is necessary to help maintain a healthy heart, good strength contributes more to independent living than any other fitness component.
- Consciousness is the first step of behavior modification. This step involves obtaining information about problems he making a decision about the problem behavior. Social liberation stresses external alternatives that make you aware of problem behaviors and began to contemplate change. Self-analysis is behavior modifying which developing a decisive desire to do so. Emotional arousal is one of personal experience as an express his feelings about the problem and its solution. Positive outlook means to taking and optimistic approach from the beginning and believing in yourself. Commitment is making the decision to change, you accept the responsibility to change and believe in your ability to do so. Behavior analysis is knowing the frequency, circumstance, and consequences of the behavior to be altered or implemented. Goals motivate change in behavior. Self-analysis is when an individual analyzer their feeling about the problem behavior.
5 True/False questions
What percentage of Americans are affected by back pain? → 1. Be physically active 2. regularly strengthen the core of the body 3. lift heavy objects by bending knees 4.sleep on your back with a pillow under your knees or on your side with your knees drawn up in a small pillow between your knees (see page 271 for additional information)
Define hypo kinetic disease. → A training approach that divides the season into three cycles (macro cycles, meso cycles and micro-cycles) using a systematic variation in intensity and volume of training to enhance fitness and formants
Define ATP. Differentiate between ATP-CP system, Anaerobic and Aerobic system. → The belief of one's own ability to perform a given task. Your attitude and behaviors.
Know how to estimate max heart rate. → M HR equals 207-(.7 x age)
Isometric training. → Strength - training method referring to a muscle contraction that produces little or no movement (pushing or pulling against an immovable object)