5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- How does stress relate to back pain?
- What is a technique of change and how do they relate to the process? Know some examples.
- Be familiar with the process of change-what are they and how do they help?
- Define periodization.
- How much weight do most adults gain per year?
- a Consciousness is the first step of behavior modification. This step involves obtaining information about problems he making a decision about the problem behavior. Social liberation stresses external alternatives that make you aware of problem behaviors and began to contemplate change. Self-analysis is behavior modifying which developing a decisive desire to do so. Emotional arousal is one of personal experience as an express his feelings about the problem and its solution. Positive outlook means to taking and optimistic approach from the beginning and believing in yourself. Commitment is making the decision to change, you accept the responsibility to change and believe in your ability to do so. Behavior analysis is knowing the frequency, circumstance, and consequences of the behavior to be altered or implemented. Goals motivate change in behavior. Self-analysis is when an individual analyzer their feeling about the problem behavior.
- b A training approach that divides the season into three cycles (macro cycles, meso cycles and micro-cycles) using a systematic variation in intensity and volume of training to enhance fitness and formants
- c Methods of procedures used during each process of change. For example, following dinner, people with a weight problem often cannot resist constant snacking during the rest of the evening until its time to retire for the night.
- d Excessive stress causes muscles to contract. In the case of lower back, frequent tightening of the muscles can through the back out of alignment and constrict blood vessels to supply oxygen and nutrients to the back.
- e 1 to 2 pounds a year
5 Multiple choice questions
- Neural stimulation, type of muscle fiber, overload, and specificity of training
- May cause harm because of the excessive strain the place on muscles and joints, in particular the spine, lower back, knees, neck and shoulders
- BMI index between 18.5 and 25.
- 1. higher maximal oxygen uptake 2. increase in oxygen carrying capacity of blood 3. Decrease in resting heart rate 4. Lower heart rate at given workloads 5. Increase in the number and size of mitochondria 6. Increases in the number of functional capillaries 7. Ability to recover rapidly 8. Lowers blood pressure and blood lipids 9. And increases - burning enzymes
- Dual - energy x-ray absorperatometry (DXA), hydrostatic weighing, air displacement, skinfold thickness, girth measurement, Bio electric impedance, body mass index, and waist circumference
5 True/False questions
What is rate of perceived exertion? → Individuals whose diet is of vegetables or plant origin.
Be familiar with the tests to estimate Vo2 max. → See page 295 for more information
Be familiar with Vitamin A, D, C and Folic Acid. → Vitamin A is required for healthy bones, teeth, and skin and is found in eggs, liver yellow and dark green fruits and vegetables. Vitamin D is necessary for bones and teeth and for calcium and phosphorus absorption and can be found in fortified milk, cod liver oil, egg yolks. Vitamin C protects against infections and can be found in fruits and vegetables. Folic acid is needed for cell growth and reproduction and for red blood cell formation and it can be found in leafy green vegetables, cereals and dried beans.
Benefits of strength training. → Helps control blood sugar, increases and maintains muscle and a higher resting metabolic rate; encourages weight loss and maintenance, prevents obesity; lessens the risk of injury; reduces chronic lower back pain; alleviates arthritic pain; aids in childbearing (additional benefits on page 210)
How does body composition change in relation to strength training? → Excessive stress causes muscles to contract. In the case of lower back, frequent tightening of the muscles can through the back out of alignment and constrict blood vessels to supply oxygen and nutrients to the back.