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High Middle Ages
Terms in this set (29)
when was the Norman Conquest?
William, duke of Normandy-was the first Norman to become king of England and killed the last Anglo-Saxon king, Harold, at the battle of Hastings, and was the last to conquer England successfully
who was the Norman leader who invaded England?
Franks and vikings
Norman society was a combo of which two cultural groups?
Danes, Vikings, and Anglo-Saxons
English society before the Norman Conquest was a combo of which three cultural groups?
it changed people's places in society and ranked people and also taught the people self-government
how did the Norman Conquest affect the structure of English society?
French words came in and blended with English
ex. juree - jury
ex. fie - fee
ex. jus - juice
ex. pouletrie - poultry
how did the Norman Conquest affect the English language? Give examples
the Doomsday Book provided the idea of recording and writing down public things
how did the Norman system contribute to later English government?
Kings and Queens
ruled over the nobles, knights, and peasants
made deals with vassals
were vassals of kings and queens
were under the kings
made deals with knights
served their noble lords and got land in return
owned no land
weren't part of feudal system
worked on land owned by nobles or knights
describe the structure and relationships in feudal society
they often advised political leaders and controlled land that came from people that left the land to the church after they died
describe two different roles of the Christian clergy in the Middle Ages
domes and stained glass windows
describe two types of Christian art and architecture in the Middle Ages
people went to masses, pilgrimages or festivals
how did Christianity affect people's daily lives in the Middle Ages?
was a philosopher that believed rational thought could be used to explain how God existed and other Christian beliefs; was also the founder of Christian schools
who was Thomas Aquinas?
what was the capital of the Abbasid dynasty?
House of Wisdom
name the center of scholarship where many Abbasid achievements were made
Ibn Sina and Al Khwarizmi
name two Muslim scholars
they were tribesmen from the east of Baghdad that took over this capital; their expansion that even took over Jerusalem challenged Christian rule so they started the first Crusade
who were the Seljuq? how did their actions lead to the Crusades?
Canon of Medicine and cataract surgery
what are two medical achievements of the Abbasids?
the Mongols invaded Mesopotamia
what event ended the Abbasid dynasty?
who was the founder of the first Muslim dynasty in Spain?
the city of Cordoba
what was the first capital of Muslim Spain?
the Great Mosque of Cordoba and the Alhambra (a palace)
what are the two most famous examples of Muslim architecture in Spain?
he translated Aristotle and wrote about medicine, physics, and philosophy
what are two achievements of Ibn Rushd?
he was a brilliant doctor, rabbi, and philosopher
who was Moses Maimonides?
the art of Muslim Spain was influenced by Europe which included a combo of both styles in the intricate designs
European architecture, arches, domes, columns, and vaults, was used and developed by Muslim Spain
Medical, astronomical, and religious ideas of both Europeans and Muslim Spain blended together
how do art, architecture and scholarship from Muslim Spain reveal connections between different parts of the Muslim world and Europe in the Middle Ages?
west-cold and mountainous
describe the geography of China's regions
which part of modern china did the song dynasty control?
movable type, paper money, gunpowder, and fast ripening rice
list some of the achievements of the song dynasty
the 5 relationships, moral behavior, lead by example, know your place in society=ren and li
describe some of the values of Confucianism
civil-service exam; you had to follow the morale behavior expectation
how/why did the Song apply Confucianism to government?
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