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The high natural fertility of the colonial population
Led to the increase of American population to 1/3 of England's in 1775
The heavy immigration of Germans, Scots-Irish, Africans, and others into the colonies
Resulted in the development of a colonial "melting pot," only 1/2 English by 1775
Large profits made by merchants as military suppliers for wars
Increased the wealthy of the 18th-century colonial elite
American merchants' search for non-British markets
Was met by British attempts, such as the Molasses Act, to restrict colonial trade
Dry over-intellectualism and loss of religious commitment
Created the conditions for the Great Awakening to erupt in the early 18th century
The appointment of unpopular or incompetent royal governors to colonies
Prompted colonial assemblies to withhold royal governors' salaries
Upper-class fear of "democratic excesses" by poor whites
Was reflected in property qualifications for voting
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