Exam 2 Terms
Terms in this set (36)
Two cylindrical sticks, about 1 inch in diameter, used to tap out clave rhythm
Fundamental rhythm of Latin dance music; comes in four different varieties; often played on claves, but even if not actually played its presence is always implied.
A dance created in Cuba during the early nineteenth century that became popular in both Europe and South America. Its characteristics rhythm resurfaced in the Argentine tango and the cakewalk.
An Afro-Cuban-inspired dance popularized in the US during the early 1930s.
the most characteristic style of Afro-Cuban music
An Americanized form of the Cuban rumba. It has similar rhythmic feel but lacks the clave rhythm in authentic Afro-Cuban music.
Downtown Latin style
A watered-down version of Afro-Cuban music intended for the white American market.
Uptown Latin style
authentic Afro-Cuban music in the 1940s and '50s.
Latin dance that combined the Afro-Cuban "son" with the horn sounds of big-band jazz.
Rhythm and Blues (R&B)
African-American popular styles, especially those influenced by blues and/or dance music.
a small band (rhythm section plus a few horns) that played a rhythm-and-blues style influenced by big-band swing and blues. (ex: Louis Jordan)
blues style characterized by full rhythm section, including electric guitar. Most popular form of contemporary blues.
1) a working-class bar. 2) country music associated with honky-tonks. Distinguished by its use of drums, a heavy backbeat, and electric guitar.
A country take on rhythm and blues, performed mainly by white Southerners, that combined elements of country music w/ rock and roll.
A second melody playing under the main melody.
Late 1950s scandal that resulted from the investigation of the practice of record companies' bribing DJs to secure airplay for their records.
8 evenly spaced sounds per measure (or two per beat) - over a strong backbeat.
the process of recording each part of a performance seperately, then mixing them into a complete performance. (The Beatles were the first to take full advantage of multitrack recording.)
A pop-oriented R&B genre that typically featured remakes of popular standards or pop-style originals sung by black vocal groups. Doo-wop died out in the early 1960s with the rise of the girl groups and Motown.
The Beach Boys came before the Beatles. The Beatles dominated the American popular scene. Mixed British folk sounds with American rock and R&B influence.
chords created from modal scales, which are different from the major and minor scales heard in 19th and early 20th century popular music. (ex: The Beatles)
A consistent set of characteristic style features heard in sixties Motown recordings.
music by African-Americans marginally influenced by pop or white rock styles (like that of James Brown).
lead guitar, bass guitar, drums
3 stages of Latin music in the USA
1- (lasting until early 1940s) Latin styles emerged as exotic novelties, usually dance fads that departed from mainstream fare. 2- (lasting from 1930s-50s) hybrid or transformed styles. Interpretations of Latin music by American musicians and incorporation of American music into Latin styles. 3- R&B and Rock and roll in Latin music. Latin rhythms and instruments found in rock-era popular styles.
United States folk singer who was largely responsible for the interest in folk music in the 1960s (born in 1919)
Founded by Ahmet & Nesuhi Ertegun and Wexler. Became a major label for African-American styles (R&B, Doo Wop, Blues, Soul, Gospel, etc.). Later became a significant Rock label. (Ex. Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles)
Co-founder of Atlantic Records; signed many great black artists, including Ruth Brown and Big Joe Turner
a music journalist/music producer; regarded as one of the major record industry players behind music from the 1950s through the 1980s. He claimed to have coined the term "rhythm and blues", and was integral in signing and/or producing many of the biggest acts of the last 50 years, including Ray Charles, the Allman Brothers, Chris Connor, Aretha Franklin, Led Zeppelin, Wilson Pickett, Dusty Springfield and Bob Dylan.
Jerry Leiber & Mike Stoller
(2 people). Most influential American songwriters and record producers in rock n roll music. Based their music off of black artists. (ex: "Hound Dog" as performed by Elvis)
based in Chicago, starting in the late 40s created the first really big commercially successful blues recordings. (Ex: Muddy Waters)
The culture associated with psychedelic or acid rock - a rock sub-style defined not by a musical feature but simply by the music's ability to evoke or enhance the drug experience.
producer for The Beatles - responsible for steering their early sound
Detroit label founded by Berry Gordy, Jr. in 1960 and
marketed black artists to a mainstream audience.
Berry Gordy, Jr.
founder/first producer of Motown Records, which gave him the chance to record and sell records by African American singers.
Vice-pres. of Motown Records, soloist of The Miracles, and chief songwriter of the early years of the label.