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30 terms

TIS China 10th gr. US History Quiz

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Gives the freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition
First Amendment
Right to keep and bear arms
Second Amendment
Forbids the quartering of soldiers in homes
Third Amendment
Protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure
Fourth Amendment
Can't be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law
Fifth Amendment
Right to a trial and a lawyer in a criminal case
Sixth Amendment
Allows the right to a trial by jury in civil cases
Seventh Amendment
Prohibits excessive bail and cruel punishment
Eighth Amendment
Rights not mentioned in the Constitution belong to the people
Ninth Amendment
Powers not granted to the national government belong to the states
Tenth Amendment
Explain why conflicts arose with Native Americans and US Citizens throughout the 1800s.
Westward expansion
Louisiana purchase
Describe the differences between strict and loose construction.
Strict- follows constitution
Loose- elastic clause stretch
What was the cause of France seeking the aid of the United States in the 1790s?
France had helped the US against Great Britain
What policy did the United States proclaim during this time period and why?
Neutrality Proclamation- they were new and poor
What event did this eventually result in under John Adam's presidency?
XYZ affair- French sent lower ranking officers to meet with big US people- tried to bribe the US
What were the Alien and Sedition (traitor) Acts in response to?
Immigrants and the XYZ affair (French and Irish)
What did these acts attempt to do?
It tried to keep people from criticizing the government and tried to stop the French and Irish from coming into the country
Why were they considered unconstitutional by some?
It went against Amendment One;
The Virginia / Kentucky resolution- tried to nullify a law
Explain the Election of 1800 and why it is significant as it pertains to the viability of a two-party system.
The government changed without violence --peaceful transference of power.Thomas Jefferson won more states but did not win more electoral votes. Vice President Aaron Burr Went to a vote in congress to decide who was to be President 36. Hamilton had the swing vote-eventually a duel- and Hamilton dies
What was the value of the Lewis and Clark Expeditions?
Mapped out western territory; made for greater expansion; scientific exploration
showed the many resources in the west
Why did the War of 1812 break out?
The British were attacking US ships while British and French at war. The US was trading with both countries. British would take US sailors and make them British sailors (impressment).
England tried to stir up Native Americans against US; The US wins.
Burned the white house
What side were the Federalists on?
loose-they wanted more power for the government
what side were the Democratic-Republicans on?
strict- they wanted less power for the government
What sides were Jefferson and Hamilton on?
Strict
During the Election of 1800, who defeated Aaron Burr in a run-off that took 36 votes before it was decided in the house?
Thomas Jefferson
What land was bought from Napoleon and added a considerable amount of territory to the United States?
Louisiana Purchase
What British policy forced American sailors to work in the Royal Navy and was a significant cause of the War of 1812?
Impressment
The Native American who attempted to unite tribes across the frontier against the United States but died at the Battle of the Thames while fighting on the British side.
Tecumseh
William Clark and ____________Lewis were commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to explore the newly acquired territory from France and discover a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
Meriwether
Who was the future American President who earned nationwide fame at the Battle of New Orleans during the war of 1812?
Jackson