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Gives the freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition

First Amendment

Right to keep and bear arms

Second Amendment

Forbids the quartering of soldiers in homes

Third Amendment

Protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure

Fourth Amendment

Can't be deprived of life, liberty, or property without the due process of law

Fifth Amendment

Right to a trial and a lawyer in a criminal case

Sixth Amendment

Allows the right to a trial by jury in civil cases

Seventh Amendment

Prohibits excessive bail and cruel punishment

Eighth Amendment

Rights not mentioned in the Constitution belong to the people

Ninth Amendment

Powers not granted to the national government belong to the states

Tenth Amendment

Explain why conflicts arose with Native Americans and US Citizens throughout the 1800s.

Westward expansion
Louisiana purchase

Describe the differences between strict and loose construction.

Strict- follows constitution
Loose- elastic clause stretch

What was the cause of France seeking the aid of the United States in the 1790s?

France had helped the US against Great Britain

What policy did the United States proclaim during this time period and why?

Neutrality Proclamation- they were new and poor

What event did this eventually result in under John Adam's presidency?

XYZ affair- French sent lower ranking officers to meet with big US people- tried to bribe the US

What were the Alien and Sedition (traitor) Acts in response to?

Immigrants and the XYZ affair (French and Irish)

What did these acts attempt to do?

It tried to keep people from criticizing the government and tried to stop the French and Irish from coming into the country

Why were they considered unconstitutional by some?

It went against Amendment One;
The Virginia / Kentucky resolution- tried to nullify a law

Explain the Election of 1800 and why it is significant as it pertains to the viability of a two-party system.

The government changed without violence --peaceful transference of power.Thomas Jefferson won more states but did not win more electoral votes. Vice President Aaron Burr Went to a vote in congress to decide who was to be President 36. Hamilton had the swing vote-eventually a duel- and Hamilton dies

What was the value of the Lewis and Clark Expeditions?

Mapped out western territory; made for greater expansion; scientific exploration
showed the many resources in the west

Why did the War of 1812 break out?

The British were attacking US ships while British and French at war. The US was trading with both countries. British would take US sailors and make them British sailors (impressment).
England tried to stir up Native Americans against US; The US wins.
Burned the white house

What side were the Federalists on?

loose-they wanted more power for the government

what side were the Democratic-Republicans on?

strict- they wanted less power for the government

What sides were Jefferson and Hamilton on?


During the Election of 1800, who defeated Aaron Burr in a run-off that took 36 votes before it was decided in the house?

Thomas Jefferson

What land was bought from Napoleon and added a considerable amount of territory to the United States?

Louisiana Purchase

What British policy forced American sailors to work in the Royal Navy and was a significant cause of the War of 1812?


The Native American who attempted to unite tribes across the frontier against the United States but died at the Battle of the Thames while fighting on the British side.


William Clark and ____________Lewis were commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to explore the newly acquired territory from France and discover a river route to the Pacific Ocean.


Who was the future American President who earned nationwide fame at the Battle of New Orleans during the war of 1812?


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