Smooth hyaline cartilage. Absorbs compression placed on the joint and keeps the bone ends from being crushed.
A two layered capsule that encloses a joint. made of a fibrous capsule and a synovial membrane.
Part of the articular capsule, it is composed of dense irregular connective tissue. Strengthens the joints so that the bones are not pulled apart.
Part of the articular capsule, it is composed of loose connective tissue. It covers all internal joint surfaces that are not hyaline cartilage
Found in some synovial joints, it is discs or wedges of fibrocartilage separating the articular surfaces. Improve the fit betwen articulating bone ends, making the joint more stable and minimizing wear and tear
It is a flattened fibrous sac lined with synovial membrane and containing a thin film of synovial fluid. Occur where ligaments, muscles, skin, tendons, or bones rub together.
A joint injury that typically occurs when a meniscus is subjected to compression and shear stress at the same time. Can be helped by arthroscopic surgery
A joint injury where there is inflammation of the bursa and is usually caused bya blow or friction
Most common chronic arthritis. May reflect the cumulative effects of years of compression and abrasion acting at joint surfaces, causing excessive amounts of the cartilage destroying enzymes to be released.
Chronic inflammatory disorder of the joints. An autoimmune disease. Inflammation of the synovial membrane of the affected joints. Inflamed synovial membrane thickens into a panus
WHen uric acid rise excessively, it may be deposited as needle shaped urate crystals in the soft tissues of the joints, causing inflammation of the joints.