crosses 1 articulation
crosses 2 articulations
anything that aids in the motion
opposes prime mover
working together towards common cause
2 fiber types
parallel and pennate
ex. of monoarticulate muscle (4)
latissimus dorsi, teres major, ant-middle deltoid
ex. of biarticulate muscle (2)
biceps brachialis, pronator teres
Total muscle load is greater in sets of _____ muscles when compared to ______ muscles
_____ muscles require more energy to perform the same work
_____ arrangements allow specific muscles to perform work at joint that they do not cross
_____ muscles function as joint stabilizers
Muscular insufficiency (2 aspects)
active and passive
muscle cannot produce enough tension to cause the full ROM to be achieved
muscle cannot be stretched enough to provide full ROM
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