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16 terms

Biomech Lecture #3

STUDY
PLAY
Monoarticulate
crosses 1 articulation
Biarticulate
crosses 2 articulations
Synergist
anything that aids in the motion
Agonist
prime mover
Antagonist
opposes prime mover
Synergy
working together towards common cause
2 fiber types
parallel and pennate
ex. of monoarticulate muscle (4)
latissimus dorsi, teres major, ant-middle deltoid
ex. of biarticulate muscle (2)
biceps brachialis, pronator teres
Total muscle load is greater in sets of _____ muscles when compared to ______ muscles
biarticular, monoarticular
_____ muscles require more energy to perform the same work
biarticular
_____ arrangements allow specific muscles to perform work at joint that they do not cross
biarticular
_____ muscles function as joint stabilizers
biarticular
Muscular insufficiency (2 aspects)
active and passive
Active
muscle cannot produce enough tension to cause the full ROM to be achieved
Passive
muscle cannot be stretched enough to provide full ROM