WWI and the Rise of Communism
Terms in this set (41)
Building up of military power and always being prepared for war.
Agreement between nations to work together for common interests.
Bigger/stronger nations taking over smaller/weaker nations for various motives.
Pride and loyalty in one's country or ethnicity.
Belief that ethnic groups have the right to govern themselves.
Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian empire, who was assassinated.
19 year assassin of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand who sparked WWI.
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
Region along the German-Russian Border where Russians & Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, & Ottomans (Turks).
A line of trenches & fighting between Germany & the Allies in the west.
German strategy to avoid fighting a war on two fronts.
Warfare in which armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
No Man's Land
Deadly territory between rival trenches.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Germans policy which stated their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat (2,000 civilians died)
Agreement in which Germany to stop submarine warfare.
A proposed alliance from Germany to Mexico against the United States.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion.
Limited portions of food or goods to preserve resources for war.
Devotion of all resources to the war effort.
UnpopularCzar (king) during WWI, who was overthrown in during the Russian Revolution.
Royal family that ruled Russia for over 300 years that was overthrown during the Russian Revolution.
Russian monk or "holy man" who was able to influence Russian royal family.
Enlightened founding father of Communism.
Political & economic system where factors of production are collectively owned & directed by the state.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
Economic system in which the government owns the means of production & exchange.
Workers & Soldiers.
Leader of the Bolshevik (later Communist) Party during the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed.
Communist revolutionaries who took control of Russia's government.
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army.
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union.
Five Year Plan
An economic plan instituted by Joseph Stalin to build industry and increase farm output in the Soviet Union.
The Great Purge
Time period when all opposition to the communists under Stalin were killed.
Last attempt by the Germans to win WWI.
Ceasefire (end of fighting).
Fourteen Point Plan
Plan to end the war targeting the MAIN causes of WWI.
League of Nations
International organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WWI, blaming Germany for & handing down harsh punishments.
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