Unit 4 History
Terms in this set (60)
What is Maximilien Robespierre remembered for?
How was Napoleon able to build an empire in the early 1800's?
Military victories, annexation- to take away land or territory for himself
The principles of checks and balances and separation of powers were put forwarded by what individual?
What was a legacy of Napoleon during his reign of France?
Napoleonic code- set of laws
Bismarck's influence in the creation of a trade unions, fighting other nations, and creation of a confederation all led to what?
Besides Great Britain what other countries became industrial powers?
United states, Germany
How did the "energy revolution" contribute to the Industrial Revolution"
Provided efficient energy for industry
Why did a transportation revolution occur during Industrial Revolution?
Needed to find methods of moving goods cheaper and faster
The period of unrest in Europe after 1815 was caused by what influences?
What technological innovation changed the processing of cotton as described in this excerpt?
During the Agricultural Revolution in the 1700's, how did wealthy landowners increased food production?
Practiced enclosure- Building fences
Who were some of the individuals who created a new culture during the Industrial Revolution?
VanGogh , Beethoven, Dickens
Why did the Reign of Terror crossed social and economic boundaries?
Because the terror effected all groups in France
What country became the first industrial power?
What event led to the imperialist take over of Africa?
Describe how cities were like during the Industrial Age?
They were growing, rapid urbanization
Describe the three estates of French society before the revolution.
How was Africa treated during the Imperialist period?
What was the Berlin Conference?
European powers divided the African continent
What was the chief goal of the Congress of Vienna?
What were the causes of the Industrial Revolution?
Plentiful natural resources
What was the White Man's Burden?
Civilize the people they controlled
The Declaration of Independence clearly reflects the ideas of what individual?
By 1750, the great powers of Europe had formed alliances to maintain what?
Balance of power
What was the goal of the Vienna peacemakers when they redrew the map of Europe?
To gain more territory for themselves
Why did colonists resent the British taxes they were required to pay?
They had no representation
How did the Napoleonic Code reflect Enlightenment principles?
It guarantees the equality of all citizens before the law
No private property, equal distribution of wealth, and rule of the working class represent what type of philosophy?
The right to live, to be free, and own your own property is a major idea of what individual?
What principle is reaffirmed in the English Bill of Rights that protects people from being put in prison without cause?
What country led Europe in industrial exports during the 1800's?
What ingredients were needed to lead to industrialization?
How did the agricultural revolution contribute to the Industrial Revolution?
Triggered a population explosion
What helped Britain become a global power in the 1700's?
How did war help Britain gain global prominence?
By increasing it territory, and trading opportunities.
What are examples of Napoleon's legacy to France?
Greater access to education
What did Social Darwinism encourage?
What did Industrialization in the textile industry result in:
The building of factories
The division of the three estates in France resulted in what?
The French Revolution
In what British industry did the Industrial Revolution first take hold?
The textile industry
Where did the ideas for the Constitution originate?
Europe's Enlightenment thinkers
In what area did the greatest industrial growth occur?
Montesquieu believed the purpose of the separation of powers was to:
Make government more efficient
Thinkers during the Age of Reason challenged the established social order by:
Calling for a society based on reason
How did Locke influence the French Revolution?
He argued against an absolute monarch
How did Henry Ford lower the price of the Model T?
By decreasing production costs and increasing productivity
Why did populations soar between 1800 and 1900?
Death rate went down
Why were hospitals in the 1800's considered dangerous places?
The risk of infection was high
Why was Great Britain the nation that began the Industrial Revolution:
Large labor supply, lots of natural resources
When did the Reign of Terror occur?
After the French Revolution
What effect did the Industrial Revolution have on U.S. cities?
They grew- Rapid Urbanization
What happened to the populations of US cities during the Industrial Revolution?
What place won independence from France and became the only non-slave nation in the Western Hemisphere:
Why would a company create a monopoly in an industry?
To control that industry and to beat its competition
Philosopher who thought that history was a struggle between classes:
Who was the prophet of laissez-faire economics:
What was the benefit of the assembly line?
The creation of an expanding market led to what revolution?
Why did Darwin's theory of evolution cause controversy?
It went against religion
How did owners raise capital during the Industrial Revolution: