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73 terms

Musculoskeletal Termninology

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Myodema
A rising lump caused by the wasting of muscle tissue.
Myalgia
Muscle pain.
Myoma
A tumor containing muscle tissue
Myorrhapy
Suture of the muscle
Myoplasty
Surgical repair of a muscle
Myorrhexis
Rupture of a muscle.
Myonecrosis
Death of muscle tissue.
Myopathy
Muscle disease.
Kinesiology
The branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement
Dyskinesia
Abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements
Hyperkinesia
Excessive movement (overactive)
Kinesiotherapy
Treatment by movement or excerise
Spastic paralysis
Stiff and awkward muscle control caused by a central nervous system disorder.
Spastic gait
When walking appears stiff and toes appear to catch and drag.
Paraplegia
Paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)
Quadriplegia
Paralysis of both arms and both legs
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body
Fascitis
Inflammation of a fascia.
Fasciotomy
A surgical incision through the fascia to relieve tension or pressure
Fasciectomy
Surgical removal of fascia
Tenalgia/Tenodynia
Tendon Pain
Tendonitis/Tenditis
Inflammation of the tendons.
Chondroplasty
Surgical repair of cartilage.
Chrondritis
Inflammation of cartilage.
Osteocrhondritis
Inflammation of bone cartilage.
Chrondrectomy
Surgical removal of cartilage.
Chondralagia/Chrondrodynia
Cartilage pain.
Chondropathy
Cartilage disease.
Periosteum
Thin membrane that covers a bone.
Osteocyte
Mature bone cells.
Osteoblast
A bone-forming cell.
Osteogenesis
Bone formation.
Osteoporosis
A condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily.
Osteomalacia
Abnormal softening of bones.
Osteoma
Tumor of the bone
Osteonecrosis
Death of bone tissue.
Multiple myeloma
Tumors of the bone marrow
Myelocele
Hernia of a spinal cord.
Arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture of a joint for removal of fluid.
Athritis
Inflammation of the joints.
Arthralgia
Joint pain.
Arthredema
Swelling of a joint.
Arthrosclerosis
Stiffness of the joints.
Arthroscope
Instrument used to examine the interior of a joint.
Tarsals
Ankle Bones
Metatarsals
bones of the foot between ankle and toes
Tarsalgia
Pain in the ankle.
Orthopedics
The branch of medical science concerned with disorders or deformities of the spine and joints
Cephalgia/Cephalodynia
Head pain; headache.
Craniomalacia
Softening of the skull.
Laminectomy
Surgical removal of the bony arches on one or more vertebrae.
Cervicodynia
Pain in the neck
Lumbago
Lower back pain
Sacralgia/Sacrodynia
Pain in the sacra
Costalgia/Costodynia
Pain in the ribs
Open fracture
Bone fracture that breaks through the skin.
Closed fracture
Bone fracture that does not break through the skin
Greenstick fracture
A partial fracture, in which only one side of the bone is broken
Transverse fracture
Complete fracture that is straight across the bone at right angles to the long axis of the bone
Spiral fracture
A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart
Comminuted
Bone breaks into many fragments
Bursae
Sacs of synovial fluid that are located outside of the joint
Bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa.
Bursectomy
Surgical removal of a bursa
Bursotomy
Surgical incision of a bursa
Synovium
The membrane lining the inside of moveable joints.
Synovial
Relating to or secreting synovia
Synovitis
Inflammation of a synovial membrane
Synovectomy
Surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint
Ankylosis
Abnormal condition of stiffness
Metacarpals
Hand Bones
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Painful, inflammatory condition that affects the carpal or wrist portion of the median nerve. Often associated with repetitive actions such as typing. Can be caused by physical trauma or hereditary conditions that inflame tendons around the nerve, disrupting hand function and resulting in numbness and pain.
Chiropractic
System of therapy that consists of manipulation of the vertebral column