45 terms

Ancient Rome

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Rome
the capital city of the Roman civilization, founded about 700 BCE.
Etruscan
an ancient people of Etruria, a land in north and central Italy.
cuniculus
an underground irrigation system invented by the Etruscans.
gladiator
a person trained to fight for public entertainment.
Greco-Roman
having characteristics of Roman culture with a strong Greek influence.
patrician
in the Roman Republic, a member of the upper, ruling class.
plebeian
in the Roman Republic, one of the common people.
republic
a form of government in which leaders are elected to represent the people.
Senate
a group of 300 men elected to govern Rome.
consul
one of two chief leaders in Rome - similar to co-presidents.
Forum
the center of most of the important public activities of the city Rome and its empire.
constitution
a written set of basic laws.
veto
a "no" vote stopping a law or government action.
tribune
an official of Rome elected by plebeians to represent them.
Conflict of Orders
a conflict between Patricians and Plebians lasting hundreds of years including a massive Plebian strike.
civil war
a war between groups in the same country.
dictator
a ruler with absolute power.
Punic Wars
a series of wars fought between Rome and Carthage for control of the Mediterranean.
Carthage
Seafaring country on the Northern coast of Africa, modern day Libya.
Gaul
Roman name for modern day France.
Julius Caesar
a Roman general who ended the Roman Republic when he seized power and became dictator for life.
Hannibal
a general from Carthage who led his Army through the Alps to attack Rome in the 2nd Punic War.
Caesar Augustus
Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son, Octavian; Rome's first emperor.
Pax Romana
a 200-year period of peace and stability established and maintained by the Roman Empire.
rule of law
the idea that people should live according to a set of agreed-upon laws.
paterfamilias
the oldest male of a Roman household; his word was law for the family.
Colosseum
a large arena in Rome where gladiator contests and other games and sporting events were held.
Circus Maximus
a large Roman stadium primarily used for chariot races.
estates
large, wealthy homes usually in the country: villas.
Christianity
the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
Jesus
the founder of Christianity upon whose life and teachings the religion is based.
Messiah
a savior who many Jews believe had been promised to them by God.
Gospel
an account of the life and teachings of Jesus;four of them are included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
disciple
a person who helps spread the religious teachings of another
parable
a simple story that explains a moral or religious lesson.
Resurrection
in Christian belief, Jesus' rise from the dead.
missionary
someone who tries to convert others to believe in a particular religion or set of beliefs.
Constantine
Roman emperor from about 280 - 337 C.E.
Diocletian Split
when the Emperor Diocletian splits the Roman Empire into the Eastern and Western Empires.
Byzantine Empire
the name for the eastern Roman Empire, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia; it lasted from about 500 to 1453 C.E.
patron
a person who promotes artistic activities by paying for new works and supporting artists.
Renaissance
a great revival of culture based on Greco-Roman ideas that began in Italy around 1300 and spread throughout Europe.
triumphal arch
a large monument in the shape of an arch that celebrates a leader or military victory.
aqueduct
a pipe or channel built to carry water over a long distance.
Latin
the language originally spoken in ancient Rome, on which many words in modern languages are based.