Terms in this set (45)
the capital city of the Roman civilization, founded about 700 BCE.
an ancient people of Etruria, a land in north and central Italy.
an underground irrigation system invented by the Etruscans.
a person trained to fight for public entertainment.
having characteristics of Roman culture with a strong Greek influence.
in the Roman Republic, a member of the upper, ruling class.
in the Roman Republic, one of the common people.
a form of government in which leaders are elected to represent the people.
a group of 300 men elected to govern Rome.
one of two chief leaders in Rome - similar to co-presidents.
the center of most of the important public activities of the city Rome and its empire.
a written set of basic laws.
a "no" vote stopping a law or government action.
an official of Rome elected by plebeians to represent them.
Conflict of Orders
a conflict between Patricians and Plebians lasting hundreds of years including a massive Plebian strike.
a war between groups in the same country.
a ruler with absolute power.
a series of wars fought between Rome and Carthage for control of the Mediterranean.
Seafaring country on the Northern coast of Africa, modern day Libya.
Roman name for modern day France.
a Roman general who ended the Roman Republic when he seized power and became dictator for life.
a general from Carthage who led his Army through the Alps to attack Rome in the 2nd Punic War.
Julius Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son, Octavian; Rome's first emperor.
a 200-year period of peace and stability established and maintained by the Roman Empire.
rule of law
the idea that people should live according to a set of agreed-upon laws.
the oldest male of a Roman household; his word was law for the family.
a large arena in Rome where gladiator contests and other games and sporting events were held.
a large Roman stadium primarily used for chariot races.
large, wealthy homes usually in the country: villas.
the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
the founder of Christianity upon whose life and teachings the religion is based.
a savior who many Jews believe had been promised to them by God.
an account of the life and teachings of Jesus;four of them are included in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
a person who helps spread the religious teachings of another
a simple story that explains a moral or religious lesson.
in Christian belief, Jesus' rise from the dead.
someone who tries to convert others to believe in a particular religion or set of beliefs.
Roman emperor from about 280 - 337 C.E.
when the Emperor Diocletian splits the Roman Empire into the Eastern and Western Empires.
the name for the eastern Roman Empire, located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia; it lasted from about 500 to 1453 C.E.
a person who promotes artistic activities by paying for new works and supporting artists.
a great revival of culture based on Greco-Roman ideas that began in Italy around 1300 and spread throughout Europe.
a large monument in the shape of an arch that celebrates a leader or military victory.
a pipe or channel built to carry water over a long distance.
the language originally spoken in ancient Rome, on which many words in modern languages are based.
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