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13 terms

Chapter 1 Definition and scope of forensic science

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Forensic science
is the application of science is the application of science to the criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.
Algor mortis
Postmortem changes that cause a body to lose heat.
Autopsy
The medical dissection and examination of a body in order to determine the cause of death.
Expert witness
An individual whom the court determines to possess knowledge relevent to the trail that is not expected of the average layperson.
Liver Mortis
The medical condition that occurs after death and results in the setteling of blood in areas of the body closet to the ground.
Locard's Exchange Principle
Whenever two objects come into contact with one another, there is exchange of materials between them.
Rigor Mortis
The medical condition that occurs after death and results in the stiffening of muscle mass. The rigidity of the body gradually disappears 24 hours after death.
Gregarious
seeking and enjoying the company of others
Extradition
the surrender of an accused or convicted person by one state or country to another (usually under the provisions of a statute or treaty)
Optmism
looking on the positive side of things
Mathieu Orfilla (1787-1853)
Orfila is considered the father of forensic toxicology.
Alphonse Bertillion ( 1853-1914)
Bertillion devised the fist scientific system of personal identification.
Francis Galton
...Galton undertook the first definitive study of fingerprints and developed a methodology of classifiying them for filing.