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42 terms

10th Grade World History BJU Press Chapter 14

Names from chapter 14.
(Andres) Vesalius
Father of Anatomy
Chemicals in treatments
(William) Harvey
Blood Circulation
(Edward) Jenner
(Nicolas) Copernicus
Heliocentric system
(Johannes) Kepler
Elliptical orbits
Galileo (Galilei)
Pendulums, telescopes
(Isaac) Newton
(Robert) Boyle
Inverse gas law
(Joseph) Priestley
Discovered important chemicals
(Antone Lauren) Lavoisier
Father of Modern Chemistry, Law of conversation
(Anton van) Leeuwenhoek
Improved microscopes, discovered microbes and bacteria
(Gerhardus) Mercator
Map the earth on flat surface
(Roger) Bacon
Inductive reasoning. _Novum Organum_, question all existing knowledge
(Renté) Descartes
Deductive reasoning. Relied on reason aded by mathematics. Doubt everything. Find one undoubted truth and move to more complex truths.
(Baruch) Spinoza
Promoted Pantheism.
(John) Locke
Constructed Empiricism, belived man had natural and inalienable rights, _Treatises of Government_, consent by the governed.
Exiled for scathing remarks about government, outspoken critic of social abuses, political and religious intolerance.
(Denis) Diderot
edited the _Encyclopédie_
(Jean Jacques) Rousseau
"Father of Romanticism" _The Social Contract_
(Philip) Spener
Lutheran minister, organized bible study and prayer, wrote _Pia Desideria_
(August) Francke
German Professor, trained pastors and missionaries, established 21 educational institutions
(Nikolaus von) Zinzendorf
German noble, establish Moravians
(John) Wesley
Anglican Preacher, Missionary to American Indians, traveling preacher in England
(George) Whitfield
Traveling evangelist, made 7 trips to America
(Jonathan) Edwards
congregational preacher, stressed need for personal conversion, most famous sermon "Sinners in the Hand of Angry God"
(Theodore) Frelinghuysen
Dutch Reformed pastor, ministered in Middle Colonies
(Sir William) Tennent
Scotch-Irish teacher, ministered in Middle Colonies, trained preachers
(Giovanni) Bernini
Italian artist, most famous architect, noted sculpture and painter.
(Peter Paul) Rubens
Flemish artist, popularized baroque painting, in high demand as painter
Rembrant (van Rijn)
Dutch painter, created moods on canvas, inspired by biblical stories
(Antone) Watteau
Rocco French artist, reflected court life
(Claudio) Monteverdi
Italian composer, famous for operas
(George Fredrick) Handle
considered as English composer, composed Italian operas and oratorios, Messiah
(Johann Sebastian) J. S. Bach
german composer, mostly composed church music, not widely know, _Passion according to St. Mathew_
(Franz Joseph) Haydn
Austrian Musician, "Father of Symphony"
(Wolfgang) Mozart
Austrian musical genius, versatile composer
French Playwrite, remembered for comedies
(Alexander) Pope
English Poet/Satirist, most quoted
(Jonathan) Swift
English Satirist, master of prose, most famous work = Gulliveries Travels
(Daniel) Defoe
English, Robinson Crusoe
(Edward) Gibbon
English, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.