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68 terms

gastroenterology

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stomatopathy
any disease of the mouth
glossitis
inflammation of the tongue
lingual
pertaining to the tongue
buccal
pertaining to the ccheek
cheilosis
abnormal condition of the lips
labial
pertaining to an abnormal condition of the lips
gingivitis
inflamation of the gums
sialolith
a calculus or stone formed in a a salivary duct
esophagocele
a hernia of the esophagus hernia (cele)
pharyngitis
inflamation of the pharynx (throat)
digestive system
also called alimentary canal or gastrointestinal (GI) tract
gastroectomy
partial or total removal (-ectomy) of the stomach
pyloroplasty
surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter
duodenoscopy
visual examination of the duodenum
enteropathy
an intestinal disease
jejunorraphy
suture of the jejunum
ileitis
inflamation of the ileum
appendectomy
ex of the appendix
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
colostomy
surgical creation of an artifical opening on the abdominalwall by incising the colon and drawing it out to the surface
coloscopy
visual examination of the inner surface of the colon using a colonoscope
sigmoidotomy
incisin of the sigmoid colon
rectocele
herniation (-cele) or protrusion of the rectum
proctodynia
pain (-dynia) in the rectum or around the anus
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
cholangogram
radiographic record of the bile ducts obtained by cholangiography
cholelithiasis
formation or presence of a calculi or bile stones in the gallbladder or common duct
cholecystectomy
excicision of the gallbladder
choledochostomy
forming an opening into the common bile duct
pancreatoma
pancreatic tumor
anorexia
loss of appetite(orexia) aversion to food
diarrhea
abnormally frequent discharge or flow (-rrhea) of fluid fecal matter from the bowl
dyspepsia
difficult digestion (-pepsia)
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
periodontist
a specialist (-ist) in periodontics a branch of dentistry concernes with the treatment of abnormal conditions of the tissues around the teeth
dysphagia
difficulty or inability swallowing
phagein
to eat
postprandial
after a meal
sublingual
pertaining to the area under the tongue
stomatitis
any inflammatory condition of the mouth. It may result from infectionby bacteria viruses or fungi chemicals drugs vitimen deficiency or from systemic inflammatory disease
gastroenteritis
Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine accompanying numerous gastrointestinal disorders (stomach virus)
gastroesophageal reflux
a backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus often the result of the lower esophageal spincter. (GERD)
pyloric steosis
a narrowing of the pyloric sponcter at the outlet of the stomach causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine
Crohn disease
a cronic inflammation usually of the ileum although it may affect any portion of the intestinal tract (an autoimmune disease)
hematemesis
vomits blood
hematochezia
blood in stools (chezia)
anorectal
pertaining to the anus and rectum
colitis
inflammation of the colon or large intestine
diverticular disease
condition in which bulging pouches (diverticula) in the GI wall push the mucosal lining through the surrounding muscle
diverticulitis
inflamation of one or more diverticulitis
diverriculois
the presence of pouchlike herniations through the muscular layer of the colon particlarly the sigmoid colon
irritable bowl syndrome (IBS)
chronic or periodic diarrhea alternating with constipation
polyposis coli
a condition of multiple polyps in the large intestine
cirrhosis
chronic liver desease characterized by the destruction of liver cells eventually leads to impaired liver function and jaundice
hepatits
inflammarory condition of the liver characterized by jaundice hepatomegaly anorexia abdominal and gastric discomfort abnormal liver function clay colored stools and tea colored urine
viral hepatitis
inflammation of the liver caused a virus marked by hepatic cell destruction cell necrosis and autolysis leading to anorexia jaundice and hepatomegaly
hepatitis A (HAV)
hepatitis caused by hepatitis A virus. This form of hepatis is characterized by the slow onset of signs and symptoms
hepatitis B (HBV)
caused by hepatitis B virus
hepatitis C (HCV)
also known as non-A, non-B hepatitis because it is not caused by the A or B virus. A type of hepatitis transmitted largely by blood transfusion or percutaneous inoculation as when intravenous drug users share needles
pancreatitis
an inflammatory condition of the pancreas that may be acute or chronic
cholelithiasis
the presence or formation of stones in the gallbladder also known as gallstones
achlorhydria
absense of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice
anorexia
lack or loss of appetite resulting in the inability to eat
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
dyspepsia
a vague feeling of epigastric discomfort felt after eating
hernia
a protrusion or projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
upper GI
visual examination of the esophagus stomach and duodenum using lighted fiberoptic endoscope
lower GI
visual examination of a colon sigmoid colon rectum and anal canal using a lighted fiberoptic endoscope