WHAP Ways of the World Chapter 15 and 16 mega guide!

What facilitated the spread of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?
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Which of the following did all Enlightment thinkers share?The belief in progress and reasonWhich of the following describes European reaction to the syncretic religions of African slave communities in the New WorldSuppressionThe following lines were written by the Indian poet Kabir: "I am neither in temple nor in mosque...Neither am I rites and ceremonies." Who is what is the "I"referred to these lines?GodWhat did the New England Puritans in North America emphasize?Education and civic responsibilty***Which of the following describes the reception of modern European science in China Japan, and the Ottoman Empire during the early modern era?Selective adoption of European scientific learningAccording to information in Reilly, the author says that all are and similar to cities during this (100-1550) exceptAll cities used taxation and force to attract and settle merchants within their wallsWhich of the following figures is associated with the Scientific RevolutionNewton***How was the Enlightenment related to the Scientific Revolution?The Enlightenment applied the idea of natural laws to human affairs rather than the physical universe***Both Wang Yangmin in his view of Confucianism and Martin Luther in his view of ChristianityArgued that individuals could find their own path to virtue and salvation***Why did the Chinese imperial court initially welcome the Jesuit missionaries?The Jesuits' knowledge in mathematics, astronomy, technology, geography, and mapmaking was useful to the Chinese***Which of the following was a goal of the Wahhabi movement?To return to the absolute monotheism of authentic IslamEuropeans who participated in the Scientific Revolution placed value on knowledge that was based onThe writings of classical philosphers***Why did Sikhism evolve from a peaceful religion into a militant community?They had to defend themselves against both Mughal and Hindu hstilityRefer to map 15.2 in the textbook. In which country was the spread of Christianity in the early modern era not accompanied by European conquest?Japan***What made Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses revolutionary?The idea that an individual could find salvation by faith aloneWhich of the following was reaction to the reliance on human reason during the eighteenth century in Europe?RomanticismWhat was the significance of the Peace of Westphalia?It ended a series of religious wars in West Africa between advocates of religious syncretism and defenders of a universal, orthodox Islam***What similar feature did Andean Christianity and Mexican Christianity share?Both reinterpreted Christian practices within the framework of local customsDuring the early modern period, which belief system was the most resistant to the secular challenges posed by science?IslamWhich of the following reflects the Enlightenment view of the innate qualities of the individual?Thoughtful, rational, and independenceWhat factor made some parts of the world move receptive to Christianity than others?The absence of a literate world religion***During the centuries between 1450 and 1750, the spread of Islam was usuallyWork of Muslim holy man, scholars, and tradersWhat was the one major advantage that allowed the small Portuguese fleet to dominate the Indian Ocean militarily?Their onboard cannon could defeat other ships and coastal forts.Which of the following is NOT a reason for the Portuguese Empire's steep decline in the Indian Ocean by 1600?The Spanish ousted the Portuguese from Asian waters.What strategic significance did the Philippines hold for Spain?They were close to China, but not ruled by China.What was one main difference between the Spanish colonization of the Philippines and the Portuguese strongholds the Indian Ocean Basin?The Spanish converted Filipinos to Christianity; the Portuguese often blended into the local populations.What was one main difference between the establishment of the British East India Company in Mughal India versus the establishment of the Dutch East India Company in Indonesia?The British used treaties with local Mughal rulers; the Dutch violently conquered and killed many Indonesians.What was the attitude of Japanese shoguns toward Christian Europeans in Japan in the early seventeenth century?They violently expelled all but a few Europeans.Which of the following statements best describes the relationship of the new European trading networks in the Indian Ocean to other Asian commercial networks?Europeans became just one small group among a vast number of thriving Asian commercial networks.Which of the following was NOT a factor in the emergence of silver as the currency of global trade in the sixteenth century?The lack of any silver mines in Asia.What impact did the discovery of the world's largest silver mine at Potosi have on the native (mostly) Incan population there?They were forced to work in deadly, hellish conditions.How did the discovery of the vast silver mines in South America affect Spain's position in Europe?It allowed Spain to pursue political and military goals far beyond what they could afford previously.How did the discovery of silver mines in Japan impact Japanese fortunes?The ruling shogunate wisely invested wealth from the mines to create a sustainable market-based economy and ecology.In what way did the Chinese response to the global silver economy differ from the Japanese response?Economic changes resulted in ecological devastation in China, but not in Japan.All the following powers got the vast majority of their furs from North America, EXCEPTRussia.What was the main way through which Europeans acquired furs in North America?Trade with Native AmericansIn what way did the fur trade benefit Native Americans?It protected them against enslavement and genocide, initially.In what way did the fur trade harm Native Americans?Because of contact with Europeans, it eventually led to warfare, disease, and alcoholism.How did African slavery in the New World differ fundamentally from past instances of slavery in world history?Slavery in the Americas was clearly associated with race and with plantation economies.Which of the following is NOT a reason that black Africans were ideal as slaves from the European point of view?Europeans could easily venture into the African interior to capture them.What was the social status of those Africans who were captured by other Africans to be sold to Europeans?They were the outcasts and foreigners, often prisoners of war, within local villages.What best describes the long-term impact of the slave trade on West Africa?Economic stagnation and political disruptionIn the nineteenth century, nationalism in Europe fueled,a competitive drive for colonies in Asia and AfricaWhich of the following was an outcome of the Haitian Revolution?Definition of political citizenship as "black"What did the Atlantic revolutions share in common?a common political vocabularyWhat common set of circumstances contributed to the abolition of slavery in the Atlantic world and the end of serfdom in Russia in the nineteenth century?Fear of rebellion, economic inefficiency and moral concernsIn Latin America, creole elites pursued independence and political change out of a hear thatsocial unrest from the lower classes and nonwhites would get out of controlWhich of the following elements of the French Revolution did Napoleon preserve?Secular legal codeWhich of the following is true about women's participation in the French Revolution?Women of all classes joined in the major events of the revolutionIn response to Napoleon's conquest and reform of European lands outside France, the people in the conquered landsaccepted many of the reforms, but revolted against French controlWhat did the leaders of the various independence movements in Latin America do to gain the support of the general population?Appeal to nativist feeling by defining all those born in the Americas as "Americanos"In countries outside of Western Europe and the United States, arguments for women's rights were often linked withmodernization and nation strengtheningWhich of the following represents the influence of nationalism in the nineteenth century?The end of feudalismIn which of the following countries did the only completely successful slave revolt in world history occur?HaitiHow did the end of the international slave trade affect Africa?Reliance on slave labor increased in West and East AfricaWhich of the following is an example of the influence of nationalism outside the Euro-American world in the nineteenth century?The "Egypt for the Egyptians" movementWhich of the following is true of the women's movement by the early 1900s?Int he most industrialized countries of the West, it had become a mass movementWhich of the following was used by intellectuals in nineteenth-century Europe to argue for women's rights?Maternal feminismWhich of the following represents a way that governments in the nineteenth century instilled national loyalties in their citizens?sponsoring public ritualsThe Atlantic Revolutions were inspired by the Enlightenment belief that political and social arrangements?could be improved by human actionIn contrast to the American revolution, the French Revolutionsought to re-create society from scratchWhich of the following is one reason why the Spanish American revolutions took longer and were more difficult than the (North) American Revolution?Divisions of class, race, and region within Spanish AmericaWhich of the following arguments made the cause of abolition widely acceptable in the nineteenth century?slavery was not necessary for economic progressThe American Revolution erupted as a response to increasingBritish control over the economic affairs of the coloniesThe chief beneficiaries of all but one of the Atlantic revolutions werepropertied white men of the "middling classes"Which of the following reflects an understanding of the nation in the nineteenth century?A diverse group of people who assimilate into the dominant culture of a particular territoryWhich of the following was a result of the end of slavery in the Atlantic world?New forms of dependent labor like sharecropping emergedSome feminists based their arguments for women's rights on the role of women asmothersThe Atlantic revolutions challenged the absolute and divine authority ofmonarchiesHow did the Atlantic revolutions influence subsequent movements that spread throughout Europe?All were committed to republicanism and social equalityWhich of the following was an outcome of the American Revolution?Existing democratic tendencies in the colonial societies were acceleratedWhich of the following was an effect of the Haitian Revolution throughout the Atlantic world?slave owners and whites were filled with a deep caution and fearByzantion's major advantage was itsstrategic position on the Bosporus.Historians use the term caesaropapismto refer to thesystem in which the emperor has a mixture of political and religious authority.Justinian's issuance of the Corpus iurus civiliswon recognition as the definitive codification of Roman law.After the collapse of western Roman authorityGermanic tribes established a series of successor states.The most successful and influential of the German peoples were theFranks.The Byzantine emperors deeply resented-as an affront to their dignity-the pope's imperial coronation in the year 800 of the Frankish king,Charlemagne.Constantinople was raided at least three times in the ninth and tenth centuries by theVikings.The bezantwas the Byzantine gold coin that became the standard currency in the Mediterranean basin.After the death of Louis the Pious, the Carolingian empirewas split into three parts by his sons.Historians once used the term feudalism to refer tothe political and social order of medieval Europe.Merchants introduced Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sanskrit writing. (political and religious traditions)How did Southeast Asia become influenced by South Asian CultureLocated in the middle, merchants traded at Indian PortsHow was India a natural home of emporia in the Indian Ocean Basin?Determined when people from regions could sail, either summer or winter months.How were the monsoons influential in trading in the Indian Ocean Basins? (Understand the flow of winds)Many temples built throughout, providing schooling, maintained surplus reserves, and a place to hold activities.What were examples of Indian architectural influence in SE Asia?Located where the Strait of Melaka (passageway inbetween waters) was. Provided a way for merchants to transport trade faster.What were differences between the Melaka and he other Indianized states in Southeast Asia?Vishnu (the preserver of the world) and Shiva (brought life and also took it away).What are some of the main Hindu Gods?Caused people to try and find a connection between it and Indian Religions. Many people converted because of Merchants. Melaka began as a Hindu state but because predominately Islamic, allowing Islamic authorities to spread Islam throughout Southeast Asia.Describe some of the effects that the spread of Islam had on Indian Ocean trade during the Post Classical Era.