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Section B Religion
Terms in this set (34)
The religion into which Jesus was born,based on the Five Books of Moses (also called the Torah), which are the first five books of the Bible
'Christ' and 'Messiah' are English versions of the same word in Greek and Hebrew, meaning 'anointed'. For the first Christians, Jesus was the Messiah promised by God, for whom the Jewish people had waited.
Literally 'to give thanks'. It is the name that Christians gave to the sacrament based on the command of Jesus: 'Do this in memory of me.' Also used to refer specifically to the body and blood of Christ, who is truly present in the Eucharist under the appearances of bread and wine.
Information that provides a reason for believing in something.
Evidence from Oral Tradition
Information that is handed on by word of mouth from one group to another.
Evidence from Written Tradition
Information that is written down, e.g. in the gospels and the letters of the apostles.
The name given to each of the four writers of the gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
Means 'good news' and refers to the good news of God's love that Jesus brought to all people. The first four books of the New Testament are called gospels because they tell of the New Life that Jesus offers to all.
Kingdom of God
God is always present in the world. The Kingdom of God is brought about when people respond to God's presence in their words and actions and by treating others and the earth as God calls them to. The Kingdom of God, therefore, refers to a way of life rather than a physical place. It means trusting in God and listening to the voice of the Holy Spirit.
Jesus told short stories called parables to teach his followers what he meant by the Kingdom of God. These stories invited people to respond by changing their behavior.
Jesus performed wonderful actions called miracles to show people that the Kingdom of God is present and at work in the world. These miracles invited a response.
In table fellowship
Jesus loved to share meals, especially with those who were looked down upon or excluded by others. By doing so, he showed that the Kingdom of God includes everyone.
Becoming a follower or disciple of Jesus means working to build the Kingdom of God in the world.
The belief of the Jewish people that God would send a great political and religious leader to solve their problems.
Means sharing a point of view. The gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are called synoptic gospels because they share so many of the same stories about Jesus.
The Holy Land
The country where Jesus lived and taught. Called Palestine, prior to the creation of the modern state of Israel.
The Roman Empire
The name used to describe the regions of the world ruled by Rome. Palestine was part of the Roman Empire.
Something that serves as evidence or proof. The gospels give witness to the story of Jesus.
Suffering or being put to death because of your religious beliefs.
An action that recalls the past. The Eucharist is a memorial because it recalls and makes present the actions of Jesus at the Last Supper and it reminds us that the Risen Jesus continues to be with us.
Conflict with Authority
An open clash with the person/group that makes the community's or group's decisions. Jesus clashed with the Pharisees and, more particularly, with the Sadducees.
Task given to a member of a community of faith to continue the work of Jesus, i.e. making people aware of God's presence and action in the world and inviting a response.
The word used to describe a person or community that continues the work of Jesus, telling others about the Good News of God's kingdom and inviting their response.
St Paul described Jesus as God's 'New Creation' to underline how the presence of Jesus was God's new start in the world.
The name given to the meal and the festival that celebrates God's action in freeing the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt.
People of God
The term used to describe the Hebrew people whom God freed from slavery in Egypt. In Christian use, it is the name given to the community of those who believe in Jesus. (See Acts 2:44-46 for the first written description.)
Opposite of absence. Something seen or felt or heard or available.
The day, described in Acts 2, when the followers of Jesus experienced God's gift of the Holy Spirit.
The event in which Jesus was raised to new life after his death on the cross.
Giving of oneself out of love in order to achieve a goal or purpose.
Son of God
A name for Jesus that helped Greek-speaking Gentiles to understand the unity of Jesus and God.
Son of Man
A title that Jesus gave himself, especially in the gospel according to Mark.
A core change in a person or thing, i.e. a change in essential qualities or character or way of life.
Calling to a particular kind of work or role. As a religious, it is a calling from God to serve others as Jesus did, by taking on a role/task in the community of faith for the benefit of others.
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