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The Chinese Dynasties and the Life and Culture of Ancient China


ruled by one person, an emperor.

civil service

the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government


policy in which government uses price controls to balance the economic effects of farm surpluses or shortages


Dynasty that came to power in China in 221 B.C. under which the first true empire of China was created


dynasty succeeding the Qin ruled from 202 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. they ruled a growing empire.


Ruler who found the Qin dynasty.

Great Wall of China

wall built and expanded upon by early rulers of China to protect from invasions.

Liu Bang

helped overthrow Qin dynasty, 1st emperor of the Han dynasty, was born a peasant and worked way up to emperor.

Liu Ch'e

longest ruling Han emperor.

Silk Road

an ancient trade route between China and Europe.


family history, a record of your family tree, all the relatives that came before you.


Chinese medical practice of inserting needles into certain areas of the body

Five Classics

Texts used to train scholars and civil servants in ancient China


the female force that is dark, and passive; part of the Chinese belief of balance in life


the opposite of "Yin", the male force that is bright, and active; part of the Chinese belief of balance of life.


Chinese Philosphere and teacher; his beliefs,known as Confucianism, greatly influenced Chinese life.


Collection in writing of the ideas and teachings of Confucius.


founded philosophy of Daoism

Dao De Jing

Book written by Laozi (Way of Virtue) Big influence on chinese life.


the Chinese belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled.

Grand Canal

A canal (waterway) linking northern and southern China

Li Bo

Most famous Chinese poet of the Tang era;

Du Fu

Chinese Poet

Empress Wu

the only woman to rule China in her own name, supported Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty.


a form of Buddhism that emphasizes meditation

Diamond Sutra

world's first printed book

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