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26 terms

Ancient China

The Chinese Dynasties and the Life and Culture of Ancient China
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Autocracy
ruled by one person, an emperor.
civil service
the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government
leveling
policy in which government uses price controls to balance the economic effects of farm surpluses or shortages
Qin
Dynasty that came to power in China in 221 B.C. under which the first true empire of China was created
Han
dynasty succeeding the Qin ruled from 202 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. they ruled a growing empire.
Cheng
Ruler who found the Qin dynasty.
Great Wall of China
wall built and expanded upon by early rulers of China to protect from invasions.
Liu Bang
helped overthrow Qin dynasty, 1st emperor of the Han dynasty, was born a peasant and worked way up to emperor.
Liu Ch'e
longest ruling Han emperor.
Silk Road
an ancient trade route between China and Europe.
genealogy
family history, a record of your family tree, all the relatives that came before you.
acupuncture
Chinese medical practice of inserting needles into certain areas of the body
Five Classics
Texts used to train scholars and civil servants in ancient China
Yin
the female force that is dark, and passive; part of the Chinese belief of balance in life
Yang
the opposite of "Yin", the male force that is bright, and active; part of the Chinese belief of balance of life.
Confucius
Chinese Philosphere and teacher; his beliefs,known as Confucianism, greatly influenced Chinese life.
Analects
Collection in writing of the ideas and teachings of Confucius.
Laozi
founded philosophy of Daoism
Dao De Jing
Book written by Laozi (Way of Virtue) Big influence on chinese life.
Legalism
the Chinese belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled.
Grand Canal
A canal (waterway) linking northern and southern China
Li Bo
Most famous Chinese poet of the Tang era;
Du Fu
Chinese Poet
Empress Wu
the only woman to rule China in her own name, supported Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty.
Zen
a form of Buddhism that emphasizes meditation
Diamond Sutra
world's first printed book