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Writs of Assistance

legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled

Olive Branch Petition

assured the king of the colonists desire for peace

Thomas Jefferson

main author of the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Paine

wrote the pamphlet, "Common Sense."

George Washington

~leader of the Continental Army
~first president of the United States

Second Continental Congress

~assembled on May 10, 1775
~couldn't decide if they wanted to declare independence or not
~printed money
~communicated with Native Americans
~invented the Post Office
~assembled the Continental Army
~included John Adams, Sam Adams, Patrick Henry and George Washington

The Boston Massacre

The shooting of five Bostonians by British soldiers on March 5, 1770 when colonists were protesting the Townshend Acts. This event made great propaganda for the colonists.

Paul Revere

rode to Lexington to warn Sam Adams and John Hancock

Daughters of Liberty

~urged women to give up tea

Intolerable Acts

the colonists name for the laws that passed in 1774 that took away rights

Samuel Adams

~put up poster describing the Boston Massacre as "a slaughter."
~member of the Second Continental Congress

Tea Act

Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party.

Townshend Acts

laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea

Coercive Acts

This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their own homes.

Declaration of Independence

~four parts:
1. Preamble
2. Stated rights
3. Stated rights
4. New Nation


to refuse to buy items from a particular country


to cancel an act or law


a formal expression of opinion

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