N316: Chapter 15
Terms in this set (18)
An anxiety disorder characterized by fear of being in places or situations in which escape might be difficult or embarrassing or in which help may not be available should an anxiety attack occur.
Antianxiety (anxiolytic) drugs
Drugs that increase the effectiveness of GABA, a neurotransmitter that modulates excitability and anxiety. These drugs are generally prescribed to reduce anxiety, but on a short-term basis due to problems with addiction.
A state of feeling apprehension, uneasiness, uncertainty, or dread; results from a real or perceived threat whose actual source is unknown or unrecognized.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
An obsessive-compulsive disorder that involves preoccupation with an imagined defective body part, resulting in obsessional thinking and compulsive behavior.
An unpleasant emotion related to specific danger.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorder characterized by excessive anxiety or worry about numerous things.
Hair Pulling Disorder
AKA Trichotillomaina; a distressing problem in which individuals compulsively pull hair out (typically from the scalp), resulting in varying degrees of disability, social stigma, and altered appearance.
An obsessive accumulation of belongings that may have little or no value and that prevents people from leading normal lives.
The first level of anxiety occurs in the normal experience of everyday living and allows people to perceive reality in sharp focus.
The second level of anxiety results in selective inattention and some diminished thinking, although learning and problem solving can still occur. Symptoms include tension, pounding heart, increased pulse and respiration's, perspiration, gastric discomfort, headache, urinary urgency, voice tremors, and shaking.
Obsessions are thought, impulses, or images that persist and recur. Compulsions are ritualistic behaviors an individual feels driven to perform to reduce anxiety. Symptoms may occur on a daily basis and may involve issues of sexuality, violence, contamination, illness, and death.
The fourth and most extreme level of anxiety and results in markedly disturbed behavior. Someone in this sate is unable to process what is going on in the environment and may lose touch with reality.
An anxiety disorder in which panic attacks are the key feature.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Exhibiting developmentally inappropriate levels of concern over being away from a significant other.
Third level of anxiety is debilitating and causes a person to focus on one particular detail or many scattered details. Learning cannot occur, and other aspects of the environment go unnoticed, even when another points them out.
Skin Picking Disorder
AKA dermotillomania; an anxiety-relieving activity in which individuals consciously pick at their skin. It is a distressing problem that may result in varying degrees of disability, social stigma, and altered appearance.
Social Anxiety Disorder
AKA social phobia; Characterized by severe anxiety or fear provoked by exposure to a social or performance situation that will be evaluated negatively by others.
Fear and avoidance of a single object, situation, or activity; common in the general population.
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