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Gross - Pelvis #5
Terms in this set (16)
In postnatal life, which of the following ligaments carry blood vessels to the organs they are related to?
Suspensory ligaments of the ovaries
Innervation of the external anal sphincter is by branches derived from the:
In female embryos, the presence of placental and maternal estrogens guide the development of the urogenital folds into the:
A patient develops a perirectal perineal abscess. Which of the following is/are true?
All of the above:
1. A collection of purulent material may extend anteriorly into the space between the pelvic and urogenital diaphragms.
2. It arises in the anal triangle
3. It may extend into the urogenital triangle
4. It may result in sepsis and even death
The metanephric mass of intermediate mesoderm (metanephric blastema) gives rise to all of the following parts of the kidney EXCEPT:
Collecting ducts (of Bellini)
1. Renal corpuscle
2. Loop of Henle
3. Distal convoluted tubule
A female patient is discovered to have a cyst located within the folds of the broad ligament, along the lateral wall of the uterus. This cyst is called a GartnerÕs cyst. They commonly develop within remnants of which of the following ducts that normally disappear during development of the female but which may persist on occasion?
During childbirth a bilateral pudendal nerve block may be performed to provide anesthesia to most of the perineum and the lower one fourth of the vagina. To do this an anesthetic agent is injected near the pudendal nerve as it passes from the pelvic cavity to the perineum. The physician inserts a finger into the vagina and presses laterally to palpate what landmark?
A 24-year old woman is brought to the Emergency Department complaining of severe pain in the right iliac fossa. The pain, which is sharp and excruciating, came on suddenly. She reports having missed her last "period". Vaginal exam reveals an accumulation of fluid in the rectouterine pouch. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patient's condition?
Ruptured ectopic pregnancy
All of the following are descriptors of the features of the male pelvis EXCEPT:
The subpubic angle is wide
1. The pelvic outlet is small
2. Over all the pelvis is narrow and deep
3. The pelvic inlet is heart shaped
A young woman is brought to the emergency department. She appears to be in a state of shock and shows signs of an internal hemorrhage. A vaginal exam reveals that the patient's cervix is soft, and she indicates that she missed her last period. Your diagnosis is that of an ectopic pregnancy that has ruptured. Which is the most likely site of the ruptured implantation?
Ampulla of the uterine tube
All of the following are true of branches of the internal iliac artery EXCEPT:
They traverse the inguinal canal in males and females.
Internal iliac artery branches:
1. They supply structures in both the pelvis and perineum.
2. Some are found in the true pelvis and others in the false pelvis
3. The internal pudendal artery passes through both the greater and lesser sciatic foramina.
4. They supply both intraperitoneal structures and retroperitoneal structures.
During erection of the clitoris, the crura of the corpora cavernosi are compressed by the action of which of the following muscles?
An infant is born with a bicornuate (double) uterus. What other structure may have a congenital defect that is derived from the same embryonic structures as those that form the uterus?
Superior part of the vagina
In the male, the ejaculatory ducts open directly into the:
Testis-determining Factor (TDF) produced by a gene on the Y-chromosome of male embryos has its most direct effect on the:
Gonadal cords of the gonadal ridge
A male patient suffers from retrograde ejaculation that results in sperm and seminal fluid accumulating in the bladder. What nerve or nerves may have been injured that would result in this problem?
Lumbar splanchnic nerves
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