32 terms

speech 1 game

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

1. Q - What are the two nonverbal channels of communication
A - The aural and the visual
2. Q - What makes up the aural channel
A - Vocalizations that form and accompany spoken words (volume, pitch, rate, variety, pronunciation, and articulation)
3. Q - What makes up the visual channel
A - The speaker's physical actions and appearance (facial expressions, gestures, general body movement, physical appearance, dress, and objects held)
4. Q - What is the silent language
A - Nonverbal elements or visual channel
5. Q - What does paralanguage refer to
A - How something is said, not what is said
6. Q - Name a function of nonverbal communication
A - (Only one) Clarify meaning of verbal message, facilitating feedback, help establish relationship between speaker and audience, help speaker establish credibility
7. Q - Which facial expression is most effective in building rapport with an audience
A - Smiling
8. Q - Name a method for a listener to communicate difficulty in hearing or flagging interest
A - (Only one) Coughing or excessive shifting around
In facilitating feedback If you receive negative cues such as frowns and head shaking what may help you recover this negative feedback
A) You might present some additional evidence or interject some relevant humor.
What does vis-à-vis mean
A) A face-to-face meeting
Establishing credibility: what cues do speakers use to persuade their audiences
A) Speakers who emphasize vocal variety, eye contact, nodding at listeners, and standing with an open body position than by those who minimize these nonverbal cues.
Establishing credibility: nonverbally, what attracts an audience
A) speakers whom they perceive to be well dressed and attractive.
Animate facial expressions: what can help you the speaker to relax when he/she begins their talk
A) smile
What is the technique in, which a speaker moves his/her gaze from one listener to another and from one section to another
A) scanning
What is a talking head
A speaker who remains steadily positioned in one place behind a microphone or a podium.
how can a speaker not become a talking head
A) move around
What are some TIPS FOR USING EFFECTIVE FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
1. Use expressions that feel natural, and expresses meaning.
2. Avoid a deadpan expression.
3. Never use expressions that are out of character for you or inappropriate.
4. In practice sessions, loosen your facial features with exercises such as widening the eyes and moving the mouth.
5. Align your facial expressions with your feelings.6. Establish rapport with the audience by smiling naturally when
TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE GESTURING
1. Use natural, spontaneous gestures.
2. Avoid exaggerated gestures, but use gestures that are broad enough to be seen by each audience member.
3. Eliminate distracting gestures, such as fidgeting with pens or pencils or brushing back hair from your eyes.
4. Analyze your gestures for effectiveness in practice sessions.
5. Practice movements that feel natural to you.
BROAD DRESS CODE GUIDELINES
1. For a "power" look, wear a dark-colored suit.
2. Medium-blue or navy paired with white can enhance your credibility.
3. Yellow and orange color tones convey friendliness.
4. The color red focuses attention on you.
5. Flashy jewelry distracts listeners.
PRACTICING YOUR SPEECH TIPS
1. Practice with your speaking notes.
2. Revise those parts of your speech that aren't satisfactory
3. Focus on your speech ideas rather than on yourself.
4. Time each part of your speech—introduction, body, and conclusion.
5. Practice with any presentation aids you plan to use.
6. Practice your speech several times, and then record it with an audio recorder.
7. If possible, video-record yourself twice—once after several practice sessions and again after you've incorporated changes into your speech.
8. Visualize the setting in which you will speak as you practice, projecting your words to different parts of the space to reach audience members.
9. Practice in front of at least one volunteer, and seek constructive criticism.
10. Schedule your practice sessions early in the process so that you have adequate time to prepare.
11. Practice your speech at least five times
What are the qualities of Paralanguage (or vocalizations)?
volume, pitch, rate, variety, and pronunciation and articulation
An audience may be more readily persuaded by a speaker demonstrating what 4 cues?
vocal variety, eye contact, nod-ding at listeners, and standing with an open body position
What trait is the debated most important thing a speaker needs to do to connect with an audience?
Maintain eye contact
When audio recording where is a good place to place the recorder to gauge how you sound?
In the back of the room
How many times is it recommended to video record yourself?
twice
When are the two recommended times to video record yourself?
after some practice and after changes are made
What is the recommended amount of times to practice your speech in its final form?
five
Where should your audience anchors be?
One on the left, right, and center
Why should you have audience anchors?
to help with maintaining eye contacts with a large audience or scanning
How would you form a formal connection with your audience?
Stay behind a podium, keep facial expressions and vocal excitement with pitch more consistent.
What is the first thing an audience is likely to notice about a speaker?
Their clothing
The ok sign in america has 3 different meanings in japan, latin america and france, what are they?
Japan- money
France- zero
Latin America- screw you