Apparel Unit 5 terms
Terms in this set (41)
keeps fabric from wearing holes when fibers rub against something
able to take moisture
absorbent and dries faster than rayon. has a silky appearance
fibers from plants- flax cotton
natural fabric make from cotton plant
Modern printing methods such as laser and ink-jet printing are known as digital printing
last a long time
ability to stretch
long hair like strings that are spun together to make the yarn that is woven into fabric
Most consistent dyeing process. Dyeing process that dyes fibers before they are spun into yarn
natural fiber make from a grass like leaf
dyeing the finished garment
Heat transfer printing
applying a design using a heat press- large iron system
fabric made from a series of loops. Stretches
newest generic fiber, breathable, absorbent, and generally comfortable to wear
man made- petroleum
fibers that come from nature- cotton, wool, silk, flax (linen)
introduced as a "miracle fiber" due to its excellent strength, elasticity, and washability.
strong, lightweight, and quick drying. many outdoor garments and exercise wear use this fiber
fabric made by spraying fibers and heating them together
dyeing process where the finished fabric is dyed
The simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp (lengthwise) yarn.
does not stretch or shrink. one of the most widely used manufactured fiber
fiber from animals- wool and silk
the first manufactured fiber.
able to spring back into shape after crushing or wrinkling fabric
fabric is printed using a large roller that applies the dye
Rotary screen printing
screen printing done around a cylinder for a faster process
A weave that produces a smooth, shiny-surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous warp yarns to create long floats. Examples: sateen, satin
flat screen where design is printed when ink is pushed through screen
knit fabric made in a cylinder so it is like a tube- t-shirt and sweatshirts use seamless knits
natural fiber made from silk worm
elastic fiber with excellent stretchability and recovery
A weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns beginning one warp yarn back on each new row. Used for durability, this weave produces a diagonal design on the surface. Examples: denim, gabardine
Yarns that run lengthwise in woven fabric.
The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom.
Yarns that run crosswise in woven fabric.
able to remove moisture away from the body
natural fiber made from sheep
yarn is dyed before it is woven into fabric