a concept that closely matches the defining characteristics of that concept.
"Prototypes" develop according to the exposure a person has to objects in that category.
Example: North American "prototype for 'fruit' is an "apple," NOT a guava, papaya, banana, or coconut. Culture matters. What region of the world someone grew up in matters. Fruit = a means of dispersing seeds. Prototype of "Fruit": sweet, grows on trees or other plants, has seeds, is good to eat, most are round in shape. Note: olives and tomatoes are fruit, but don't fit in to the "sweet" prototype. [Blame the pre-K and kindergarten teachers for drilling "apple" into everyone's heads while learning to read, "A ah apple"]
1st EditionSpencer A. Rathus
3rd EditionDavid G Myers
2nd EditionDavid G Myers
1st EditionArlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins