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Unit 9: World War I and Russian Revolution
Terms in this set (35)
What were the dates of World War I?
How did WWI change Europe and America?
It transformed (changed) European and American life and wrecked the communities of Europe.
Name 6 causes leading up to World War I.
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, Diplomatic Failures, Competition over colonies.
What is Militarism?
A national policy based on military strength and glorification of war.
What event began World War I?
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Who was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
What country left WWI because of the terrible conditions at home?
Who was president of the United States during WWI?
Who was the leader of Germany during WWI?
Kaiser Wilhelm II (William II)
Name 3 results of World War I.
European colonies that were drawn into the war now want their independence; U.S. enters the war and emerges as a superpower; Czarest Russia is destroyed and communism rises in Russia.
Whose participation in the war resulted in an increase in demands for independence?
European colonies (Australia, Canada)
Name 4 empires that ended because of WWI?
Germa, Ottoman, Austria-Hungary, Russia
What did WWI "cost"?
Over 10 mil. soldiers and 13 mil. civilians killed, approx. $180 bil. spent in military expenditures and $150 bil. in property damage.
What treaty ended WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
Name 4 major terms in the Treaty of Versailles.
Germany must: admit guilt for the war, pay reparations, give up colonial territories to France and Britain, and limit the size of its military.
Why were international organizations created after World War I?
To promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts.
What international organization was started after WWI?
League of Nations
Name 2 goals of the League of Nations.
Promote international cooperation; prevent future conflicts
What major nation was not a member of the League of Nations?
The United States
Why was the League of Nations a failure?
Did not have the power to enforce its decisions.
What was the "mandate system"?
System created to appoint other countries to administer the colonies of defeated WWI powers on a temporary basis.
Who were the main powers in the Middle East mandate system?
France and Britain.
What was the title of the leader of Russia?
Czar or Tsar
What kind of monarchy did Russia have in 1914?
What were Russia's social classes in 1914?
Nobility and peasants
Who was the leader of Russia in 1914?
Czar Nicholas II
What were 2 deep-rooted problems in Russia in 1914?
Incompetence of Czar Nicholas II; Landless peasantry
How many revolutions were there in Russia?
What was the result of the Revolution of 1917?
Creation of a communist state.
What became the official name of the communist state in Russia?
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Name 3 causes of the 1917 Revolution.
Defeat in war with Japan in 1905; Landless peasantry; Incompetence of Czar Nicholas II
Russia lost its war with whom in 1905?
Who led the Bolshevik Revolution?
What was Lenin;s economic policy called and what did it include?
New Economic Plan: Peasants were allowed to sell their produce openly; Retail stores and small industries could be privately owned and operated; Heavy industry, banking, and mines remained in the hands of the government.
Who was Lenin's successor?
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