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Unit 10: Depression and Aggression
Terms in this set (37)
What characterized the 1920s?
What characterized the 1930s?
What weakened western democracies after World War I?
Name 5 causes of worldwide depression in the 1930s.
German reparations; Dominance of US in global economy; High protective tariffs; Excessive expansion of credit; Stock Market Crash of 1929
What event occurred in 1929, causing a worldwide depression?
Stock Market Crash
What made it hard for western democracies to challenge totalitarian governments in the 1930s?
Name 4 impacts of the worldwide depression of the 1930s.
High unemployment; Bank failures and collapse of credit; Collapse of prices in world trade; Nazi Party's growing importance in Germany.
In the 1930s, what political party was gaining importance in Germany?
Who was blamed for Germany's economic collapse in the 1930s?
What led to unstable political conditions in Europe after World War I?
What led to the rise of dictators after WWI?
In what nations did dictators rise between the wars?
USSR, Italy, Germany, and Japan
What worsened economic and political conditions in Europe?
Treaty of Versailles
What kind of government did Lenin and Stalin establish?
A communist dictatorship
Who established a communist dictatorship in USSR?
In the 1930s, who was the communist leader of USSR?
What country became a world power after WWI?
What nation wanted an empire in Asia after WWI?
What was the official name of communist Russia?
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Who led the USSR after Lenin died?
Name 3 policies of Stalin?
5-year plans, collective farming, and the Great Purge
The effort to control all the agriculture in communist Russia was called what?
Collectivization of Farms
What was the Great Purge?
A series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union designed by Joseph Stalin in 1936-1938.
Who led Germany in the 1930s?
Name 4 characteristics of Germany between the wars.
Growing Nazi Party; Inflation and depression; Anti-Semitism; Extreme nationalism
This term means "hatred of Jews".
What is another name for National Socialism in Germany?
True/False: At the end of the 1930s, Germany began to take over other European nations.
Who led Italy during the Interwar Period?
What is the political philosophy based on nationalism and an all powerful state?
What was Mussolini's goal for Italy?
To restore the glory of Rome.
What country did Italy first invade?
Who was the emperor of Japan in the 1930s?
Who was the military leader who held the power in Japan in the 1930s?
What philosophy guided Japanese politics before WWII?
Why did Japan want to invade other countries?
Need for raw materials
Name 3 countries invaded by Japan before WWII began in Europe.
Korea, Mancuria, and China
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