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Unit 11: World War II
Terms in this set (53)
Where was World War II fought?
Europe, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands
What was one of the most important reasons for Allied victory?
What were the 3 totalitarian powers before WWII?
Italy, Japan, and Germany
Name 6 causes leading up to WWII?
Aggression by totalitarian powers; Nationalism; Failures of the Treaty of Versailles; Weaknesses of the League of Nations; Appeasement; Tendencies towards isolationism and pacifism in Europe and U.S.
What treaty failed to solve the problems of Europe between the wars?
Treaty of Versailles
The weakness of what organization led to WWII?
League of Nations
The policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in order to maintain peace is called what?
The policy to have peace at all costs is called what?
The policy to have no relations with other countries is called what?
In what years was WWII fought?
What event began World War II?
The German invasion of Poland
The continent of Euorpe was controlled by Germany after the fall of this nation.
Victory in this aerial battle saved Britain from German invasion.
Battle of Britain
This was the event considered to be the turning point in the European theater of WWII.
German invasion of the Soviet Union
This event caused the U.S. to enter World War II.
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
June 6, 1944: Allies invaded Europe. What was the name given to this event, and what was its code name?
D-Day, Operation Overlord
Atomic bombs were dropped on what 2 Japanese cities?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Who was president of the U.S. during most of WWII?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Who became president after Roosevelt?
Who was the leading U.S. General in Europe?
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Who was the leading U.S. General in the Pacific?
Who led the U.S. military from Washington, D.C. during WWII?
Who was the British Prime Minister during WWII?
Who was the Soviet dictator of the USSR during WWII?
Who was the Nazi dictator of Germany?
Who was the head of the Japanese military during WWII?
Who was the emperor of Japan during WWII?
Where were there major persecutions of Jews prior to WWII?
Europe, Middle East
The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group is called what?
What did Hitler blame on Germany's Jews?
Germany's economic problems
Hitler believed all Germans were members of what?
A superior race
What was the "Final Solution?"
The extermination of the Jewish people
Who attempted to exterminate the Armenians?
Who did Stalin attempt to exterminate?
Peasants, government and military leaders, and members of the elite.
Who did the Hutu try to exterminate in Rwanda?
Who did the Bosnian Serbs try to exterminate in the former Yugoslavia?
Name 4 results of World War II.
European powers' loss of empires; Division of Europe (Iron Curtain); Establishment of the United Nations; Formation of NATO
What nations became superpowers after WWII?
United States and USSR
What happened to those accused of war crimes after WWII?
They were put on trial at Nuremberg.
What did the "Iron Curtain" represent?
Division of Europe between democracy and communism.
What international organizations were established after WWII?
NATO, Warsaw Pact, United Nations
What was the purpose of the United Nations?
World peace-keeping organization.
What alliance was established after WWII between the democratic nations of western Europe?
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization
What alliance was established after WWII between the communist nations of eastern Europe?
What part of Germany became democratic?
Between who was Germany divided?
Britain, France, United States, and Soviet Union
What happened to Berlin after WWII?
It was divided like the rest of the country.
West Germany gained what kind of power after WWII?
What nation occupied Japan after WWII?
Who administered the government in Japan after WWII?
What kind of government was started in Japan after WWII?
What happened to Japan's offensive military capabilities after WWII?
It was eliminated.
Who guarantees Japan's security even today?
The United States
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