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Chapter 4 American Political Culture

pages 75-92
STUDY
PLAY
Almond and Verba
Conducted a famous cross-national study of political participation
Americanism
A persistent word in our vocabulary that indicates Americans are bound by common values and hopes
Blue States
Refers to states that vote Democrat
Civic Competence
A belief that one can affect government policies
Civic Duty
The feeling that one ought to do one's share in community affairs, irrespective of concrete rewards
Class Consciousness
The awareness of belonging to a particular socioeconomic group whose interests are different from those of others
Congregational
A kind of church in which members control activities, whether erecting a building, hiring a preacher, or managing its finances
Erik Erikson
Psychologist who noted distinct traits of American and European families
Equal Opportunity
The condition in which people, although not guaranteed equal rewards, expect to have comparable chances to compete for those rewards
External Efficacy
The willingness of the state to respond to the citizenry
Individualism
The inclination to believe that one's efforts and rewards in life are to be conducted and enjoyed by oneself, apart from larger social groupings
Internal Efficacy
The ability to understand and take part in politics
Liberty
The condition of being relatively free of governmental restraints
Gunnar Myrdal
Individual who described race relations as "an American dilemma" resulting from a conflict between the "American creed" and "American behavior"
Opposition Party
A political party that opposes the majority party but within the context of the legal rules of the game
Orthodox (social)
People who believe that moral rules are derived from God, are unchanging, and are more important than individual choice
Political Culture
A distinctive and patterned way of thinking about how political life ought to be carried out
Political Efficacy
A belief that you can take part in politics (internal efficacy) or that the government will respond to the citizenry (external efficacy).
Political Ideology
A relatively consistent set of views of the policies government ought to pursue
Political Tolerance
The willingness to allow people with whom one disagrees to have the full protection of the laws when they express their oppinions
Progressive (social)
People who believe that moral rules are derived in part from an individual's beliefs and the circumstances of modern life
Red States
Refers to those states that vote Republican
Un-American
A word used in naming a congressional committee to merge the concepts of acceptance of national values and goodness itself
Max Weber
Individual who explained the rise of capitalism in part by what he called the Protestant ethic
Work Ethic
A set of values that includes working hard, saving one's money, and obeying the law