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350 terms

UIL spelling 2012

STUDY
PLAY
afortiori
for a still stronger reason; even more certain; all the more.
abidance
conformity; compliance
Abu Dhabi
an independent federation in E Arabia, formed in 1971, now comprising seven emirates on the S coast (formerly, Pirate Coast or Trucial Coast) of the Persian Gulf, formerly under British protection: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah (joined 1972), and Fujairah. 2,262,309; about 32,300 sq. mi. (83,657 sq. km). Capital: Abu Dhabi.
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
aggravation
action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse
akimbo
with hands on hips and elbows extending outward
algorism
computation with Arabic figures
altercation
noisy quarrel
anacoluthon
an abrupt change within a sentence from one syntactic structure to another
anaphylactic shock
a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure
androgynous
having both male and female characteristics
anecdotal
based on secondhand accounts rather than personal experience or scientific investigation
anomaly
deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
anti-infective
kills and inhibits growth of bacteria
antinome
Logical contradiction
appreciable
enough to be estimated or measured
Arikara
a member of the Caddo people who formerly lived in the Dakotas west of the Missouri river
ascetic
practices self denial as spiritual discipline
aspiration
a will to succeed
assigned
appointed to a post or duty
au courant
being up to particular standard or level especially in being up to date in knowledge
Auckland
the largest city and principal port of New Zealand
avoirdupois
excess bodily weight
axenic
used of cultures of microorganisms
Bellerophon
(Greek mythology) a mythical hero of Corinth who performed miracles on the winged horse Pegasus (especially killing the monster Chimera)
beryllium
a light strong brittle gray toxic bivalent metallic element
bresaola
Bresaola or brisaola is air-dried, salted beef that has been aged two or three months until it becomes hard and turns a dark red, almost purple colour. It is made from top (inside) round, and is lean and tender, with a sweet, musty smell. It originated in Valtellina, a valley in the Alps of northern Italy's Lombardy region.
bresaola
bresaola=braised
Air-dried, salted beef, tender, sweet, becomes hard and dark red. Loses 40% of it's weight in the aging process. Juniper berries, cinnamon.
brio
quality of being active or spirited or alive and vigorous
bucolic
a short descriptive poem of rural or pastoral life
caique
a Levantine sailing vessel,light rowing boat used on the Bosporus,Caic, a kind of skiff or small boat. (Nautical) (m)
calibrator
A. a known solution of an analyte obtained from a medical supply house or professional organization and used as a measuring stick to set instruments to read correctly
capriccioso
naughty
capriciousness
the trait of acting unpredictably and more from whim or caprice than from reason or judgment
caseous
of damaged or necrotic tissue,cheesy
-combo of ischemic cell death and cell lysis
-ie TB
catenate
arrange in a series of rings or chains, as for spores
cathect
to invest emotion or feeling in (an idea, object, or another person)
caveat
(law) a formal notice filed with a court or officer to suspend a proceeding until filer is given a hearing
cerotype
the number and the appearance in the nucleus of the chromosome
chanoyu
an ancient ritual for preparing and serving and drinking tea
charm quark
a quark with an electric charge of +2/3 and a mass 2900 times that of an electron and a charm of +1
cilia
short structures projecting from a cell and containing bundles of microtubules that move a cell through its surroundings or move fluid over the cell's surface
cloche
a woman's close-fitting helmet-like hat,a low transparent cover put over young plants to protect them from cold
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
collegiality
Church leadership does share in the decision-making process, under the direction of the Holy Spirit
colossus
a person of exceptional importance and reputation
comportment
dignified manner or conduct
condonation
act of overlooking, or of forgiving, an offense or transgression
congeries
miscellaneous collection
continuum
a continuous nonspatial whole or extent or succession in which no part or portion is distinct of distinguishable from adjacent parts
crampons
metal spikes worn on the bottom of mountaineering boots, usually having twelve points that dig into the ice for traction
creditable
worthy of often limited commendation
credulous
disposed to believe on little evidence,gullible
crewel
fine worsted yarn used in tapestry
cuesta
(it) costs,slope
debacle
a sudden and violent collapse
dariole
usually a garnish in a cylindrical mold
decagon
a polygon with 10 sides and 10 angles
declassification
to remove the classification from (information, a document, etc.) that restricts access in terms of secrecy, confidentiality, etc.
deficit spending
government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
definitive
supplying or being a final or conclusive settlement
deforestation
the removal of trees
demurrage
a charge required as compensation for the delay of a ship or freight car or other cargo beyond its scheduled time of departure
desiccate
preserve by removing all water and liquids from
detente
French word meaning an easing of tensions between the world's superpowers during the Cold War
dicephalous
two-headed
discommoded
to cause inconvenience to; disturb, trouble, or bother.
dissension
disagreement among those expected to cooperate
dilettante
an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge
distinguishable
capable of being perceived as different or distinct
doggerel
a comic verse of irregular measure
dolce vita
sweet life; the good life seen as one of physical pleasure and self-indulgence
Dragée
capsule
dulcify
make sweeter in taste
dyad
two items of the same kind
Ecuador
a republic in northwestern South America
efficacious
producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
eland
either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus having short spirally twisted horns in both sexes
electroshock
the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
en brochette
cooked on a skewer
ennead
the cardinal number that is the sum of eight and one,a group or set of nine
enokidake
a thin, long-stemmed and tiny-capped white mushroom, Flamma velutipes, native to the northern mountain ranges of Japan and prized as a food.
epicycloid
a line generated by a point on a circle rolling around another circle
epidermis
the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
errata
a list of errors in a printed work
erudition
profound scholarly knowledge
euphoric
exaggerated feeling of well-being or elation
excelsior
thin curly wood shavings used for packing or stuffing
exemplum
example,a tale, usually inserted into the text of a sermon, that illustrates a moral principle
expatiate
add details, as to an account or idea
extant
still existing; not exterminated, destroyed, or lost
Fascisti
The members of an Italian political organization that controlled Italy under the fascist dictatorship of Benito Mussolini from 1922 to 1943
faun
ancient Italian deity in human shape, with horns, pointed ears and a goat's tail
Fenian
When British and Irish fought over the island of what is currently Ireland because they wanted to get rid of British Rule
fermata
a pause; hold the note or rest longer than its written value
flagitious
shockingly brutal or cruel
flavonoid
A ______ is an antioxidant that helps protect the LDL cholesterol agianst oxidation and reduces blood platelet stickiness, making blood clots less likely to happen.
folderol
ornamental objects of no great value
frondescent
Bearing, resembling, or having a profusion of leaves or fronds; leafy
gauchely
(adj) lacking grace, or social polish
gentian violet
a green crystal (violet in water) used as a dye or stain or bactericide or fungicide or anthelmintic or burn treatment
gerbil
small Old World burrowing desert rodent with long soft pale fur and hind legs adapted for leaping
Gewürztraminer
A white grape grown predominantly in France, Germany, the U.S., Australia and New Zealand, where the climate leans to the cooler side and the flavors have an opportunity to concentrate. Gewurztraminer can be made in dry or sweet varieties and are generally best if enjoyed sooner rather than later post-bottling. Flavors qualities include: honey, pumpkin spice, cinnamon, apricot, pear, and rose.
glaciologist
expert in the formation, movements, etc. of glaciers
glissando
a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
gnosis
intuitive knowledge of spiritual truths
golem
(Jewish folklore) an artificially created human being that is given life by supernatural means
golem
brought to life from dirt and rocks, rabbi, clumsy, betrays creator, yearns for love, seeks revenge
golem
a body without a mind, soulless beings created from inanimate matter by men; commonly lacked the ability to speak
Greenwich time
the local time at the 0 meridian passing through Greenwich, England
grommet
fastener consisting of a metal ring for lining a small hole to permit the attachment of cords or lines
hectored
to be bullied in a blustering way
hedgehog
small nocturnal Old World mammal covered with both hair and protective spines
Heptateuch
first seven books of the bible
heritability
the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
hexapod
adj. Having six feet.
Hibernia
an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
histrionics
a deliberate display of emotion for effect, theatrical behavior
honorific
conferring or showing honor or respect
horologe
any instrument for indicating the time, esp. a sundial or an early form of clock
hygrometer
measuring instrument for measuring the relative humidity of the atmosphere
hypercritical
inclined to judge too severely
iconoclast
someone who tries to destroy traditional ideas or institutions
illusionist
someone who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience
impromptu
with little or no preparation or forethought
inauspicious
presaging ill-fortune
implication
a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred
Indonesia
a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands
ineffable
defying expression or description
initiatory
serving to set in motion
inoculation
taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
inordinate
beyond normal limits
intersperse
introduce one's writing or speech with certain expressions
intriguing
capable of arousing interest or curiosity
invidious
containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice
javelina
dark gray peccary with an indistinct white collar
judgmental
authoritative and often having critical opinions
Kaddish
jewish prayer for the dead
karma
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
kedgeree
a dish of rice and hard-boiled eggs and cooked flaked fish
kilderkin
an obsolete British unit of capacity equal to 18 Imperial gallons
kyphosis
an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
laity
everyone except the clergy
landau
a four-wheel covered carriage with a roof divided into two parts (front and back) that can be let down separately
landau
Soviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)
lapidarian
of, like or pertaining to stones; inscribed on stones
larcenous
having a disposition to steal
lenity
mercifulness as a consequence of being lenient or tolerant
leonine rhyme
fancy words of internal rhyme
lexicon
a language user's knowledge of words
Liberia
a republic in West Africa
librettist
author of words to be set to music in an opera or operetta
ligation
(surgery) tying a duct or blood vessel with a ligature (as to prevent bleeding during surgery)
ligneous
consisting of or containing lignin or xylem, woodlike
loggerhead
very large carnivorous sea turtle, or a foolish person
logomachy
argument over the definition of words
louche
shady, suspicious
luminaria
a light or little lantern, usually a candle inside a paper lamp shade noun
lumpenproletariat
people living on the margin of society such as beggars, vagrants, and criminals
lysozyme
an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
macrocosm
great world; universe
magisterium
teaching authority of the church
malingerer
someone shirking their duty by feigning illness or incapacity
mandala
any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe
marasmus
extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children)
maraud
to roam in search of plunder
matriculant
a candidate for a college degree
mazzard
wild or seedling sweet cherry used as stock for grafting
mediocrity
ordinariness as a consequence of being average and not outstanding
meliorism
the belief that the world can be made better by human effort
menhir
a tall upright megalith
meropia
partial blindness
mesothelium
the epithelium found in serous membranes lining the ventral body cavity and covering its organs
metaethics
the study of the meanings of ethical words and of tthe sentences in which they appear
midwifery
assisting women at childbirth
Miletus
greek city state responsible for starting the persian wars
mintage
act or process of minting coins
mismanagement
management that is careless or inefficient
misspoken
to speak, utter, or pronounce incorrectly
mnemonic
of or relating to the practice of aiding the memory
monasticism
asceticism as a form of religious life
monaural
relating to or having or hearing with only one ear
monostich
poem of one line
Monticello
name of the home of Thomas Jefferson
mouton
meat from a mature domestic sheep
multimedia
a computer-based communication process that incorporates text, graphics, sound, animation, and video
mydriasis
reflex pupillary dilation as a muscle pulls the iris outward
mythopoeic,mythopeic
Ancient view of the world based on myth rather than science or rationality.
natatorial
related to or characterized by swimming
necessitate
require as useful, just, or proper
neuralgia
acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
nigrescence
the process of developing a black identity
noblesse oblige
the obligation of those of high rank to be honorable and generous (often used ironically)
nontenured
not having tenure
nunciature
the office or the term of service of a nuncio.
nonexistent
not having existence or being or actuality
obliquity
the presentation during labor of the head of the fetus at an abnormal angle
octodecimo
n. - book size. demy octodecimo, 53/4 x 33/4 in (abbr. 18mo.).
odeum
small roofed theatre usually found in the country
ogreish
a monster in fairy tales and popular legend, usually represented as a hideous giant who feeds on human flesh.
Oligocene
from 40 million to 25 million years ago
ontic
knowledge of beings
oology
study of eggs,ornithology
organoleptic
involving the use of sense organs, A winetasting term for anything that affects one of the main senses such as smell. An example would be an affliction of the common cold or being in a room with someone wearing an overwhelming amount of perfume.
ornithopter
heavier-than-air craft that is propelled by the flapping of wings
otitis media
inflammation of the middle ear
Ozonize
to convert into ozone.
palinode
a poem retracting a regretted derogatory statement, a retraction
panacean
A remedy for all things; cure-all; universal cure
panoply
a complete and impressive array
parataxis
the placement of phrases or clauses right next to each other, without conjunctions
parvis
a courtyard or portico in front of a building (especially a cathedral)
pasqueflower
any plant of the genus Pulsatilla
patinaed
having or covered with a patina.
patrilineage
line of descent traced through the paternal side of the family
perennate
survive from season to season, of plants
pestilential
likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease
phantasmagoria
a constantly changing medley or real or imagined images (as in a dream)
physiognomy
the art of judging human character by facial features; facial features when regarded as revealing character
placebo effect
any effect that seems to be a consequence of administering a placebo
plebeian
one of the common people
plunger
mechanical device that has a plunging or thrusting motion
poet laureate
the poet officially appointed to the royal household in Great Britain
polyglot
a person who speaks more than one language
pomology
the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits
Ponzi scheme
investment operation that pays returns to investors out of the money paid by susequent investors, rather than profit.
posit
(logic) a proposition that is accepted as true in order to provide a basis for logical reasoning
prandial
of or relating to a meal
precatory
expressing entreaty or supplication
preordination
(theology) being determined in advance
presidential
befitting a president
presynaptic
situated before or proximal to a synapse (before a synapse is crossed)
primrose path
a path of ease or pleasure (especially sensual pleasure)
proboscidian
massive herbivorous mammals having tusks and a long trunk
prophesier
to foretell or predict.
prosecutorial
implying wrongdoing, accusatory
protolithic
relating to the first Stone Age
provost
a high-ranking university administrator
puissant
powerful, mighty
quadratics
a branch of algebra dealing with quadratic equations
quadrumanous
the primates other than man
quayage
Charge for the use of a wharf; system of wharfs
quipu
calculator consisting of a cord with attached cords
quixotical
Caught in the romance of noble deeds and pursuit of unreachable goals; idealistic, not practical; impulsive
racquetball
a game played on a handball court with short-handled rackets
rampageous
displaying raging violence
rappelled
to go down by a rope
ravening
devouring or craving food in great quantities
recalculate
calculate anew
redacted
revise; edit
regnant
exercising power or authority
remilitarize
militarize anew
reparations
payment for damages after a war
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; repulsive
requite
make repayment for or return something
restitution
the act of restoring something to its original state
retrogression
returning to a former state
reveille
a signal to get up in the morning
revocation
the act (by someone having the authority) of annulling something previously done
rhodopsin
a red photopigment in the retinal rods of vertebrates
rime riche
A form of rhyme with identical sounds, example "pear" and "pair"
ritornello
short recurring instrumental passage found in both the aria and the Baroque concerto
Riyadh
joint capital (with Mecca) of Saudi Arabia located in the central oasis
Roche limit
The smallest distance from a planet or other body at which purely gravitational forces can hold together a satellite or secondary body of the same mean density as the primary. At a lesser distance the tidal forces of the primary would break up the secondary.
Rosicrucian
a person who belonged to a secret society laying claim to various forms of occult knowledge and power and professing esoteric principles of religion. An adherent of a 17th & 18th century movement devoted to esoteric wisdom w/emphasis on psychic and spiritual enlightenment
royalism
adherence or attachment to a monarchy or to the principle of monarchal government
rufescent
inclining to redness
rusticate
lend a rustic character to
sacerdotalism
a belief that priests can act as mediators between human beings and God
sacrosanct
must be kept sacred
salience
n. The condition of standing out distinctly.
samizdat
a system of clandestine printing and distribution of dissident or banned literature
sanctimony
the quality of being hypocritically devout
savagery
a brutal barbarous savage act
scampi
large shrimp sauteed in oil or butter and garlic
schematically
Structural or procedural diagram, in a schematic manner
sclerotic
of or relating to the sclera of the eyeball
scrimshaw
a carving (or engraving) on whalebone, whale ivory, walrus tusk, etc., usually by American whalers
second-generation
the offspring resulting from a cross between members of the first filial (F1) generation
semiopaque
partially opaque
seraph
an angel of the first order
sericeous
covered with fine soft hairs or down
shofar
an ancient musical horn made from the horn of a ram
sika
small deer of Japan with slightly forked antlers
simplism
Tendency to oversimplify an issue or problem by ignoring complexities or complications
skewbald
What is the general term that describes the color of a bay & white Pinto?
smarmy
unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech
songstress
a woman songster (especially of popular songs)
spangle
adornment consisting of a small piece of shiny material used to decorate clothing
spherometer
a measuring instrument for measuring the curvature of a surface
spondylosis
stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae caused by joint degeneration
statutory
prescribed or authorized by or punishable under a statute
stichomythia
rapid alternating single lines spoken by two characters
stomatology
the branch of medicine that treats the mouth and its diseases
storm petrel
Any of various small sea birds of the north Atlantic and Mediterranean
subjective idealism
the view that all we ever know are our own ideas
subpeona
a document that requires a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding to provide testimony.
suzerain
a state exercising a degree of dominion over a dependent state especially in its foreign affairs
Swaziland
a landlocked monarchy in southeastern Africa, Mbabne,Mbabane,Mbabana
tacit
understood or implied without being stated
talipes
congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
taphonomy
the study of what happens to the remains of an animal from the time of death to the time of discovery
tapioca
granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
tenable
based on sound reasoning or evidence
tendentiously
in a tendentious manner
theogony
the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods
theological
of or relating to the study of God and his relation to the world, especially by analysis of the origins and teachings of an organized religious community
torsade
hat ribbon
torsade
a life-threatening dysrhythmia
torsade
class III, quinidine, cisapride
transferable, transferrable
legally transferable to the ownership of another
transfigure
change completely the nature or appearance of
trattoria
family-style restaurant
triphthong
n. - three vowel sounds pronounced as one.
trousseau
the possessions, such as clothing & linens, that a bride assembles for her marriage.
tumultuary
Marked by haste, confusion, disorder, and irregularity
ultraliberal
excessivly favored to progress or reform
unappropriated
the amount that is usually available for dividend distribution
uncharacteristic
distinctive and not typical
underling
an assistant subject to the authority or control of another
unfathomable
impossible to come to understand, so deep as to be immeasurable
uniparous
producing only one offspring at a time
unmortise
To loosen a joint; separate
vagility
the ability to disperse, ability to move
valonia
Dried acorn cups of an oak tree used in tanning and dyeing
valvular
relating to or operating by means of valves
Vanderbilt
United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877)
vasculum
small vessel
ventilator
a device that facilitates breathing in cases of respiratory failure
vers libre
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern, free verse
videophile
an enthusiast of television, video recording, video equipment, or the like.
view halloo
Strident call given during a fox hunt to indicate that the fox has been seen breaking cover
viscosity
a liquid's resistance to flow
vitreous
relating to or resembling or derived from or containing glass, or the eye
volatility
being easily excited
Vouvray
a dry white French wine (either still or sparkling) made in the Loire valley
wait-a-bit
Any of several plants having sharp, often hooked thorns
wampum
small cylindrical beads made from polished shells and fashioned into strings or belts
wastrel
a wasteful person, spendthrift; a good-for-nothing
waxen
having the paleness of wax
whetstone
a flat stone for sharpening edged tools or knives
whey-face
Person with a pale face
Winesap
crisp apple with dark red skin
xanthoma
a skin problem marked by the development (on the eyelids and neck and back) of irregular yellow nodules
Yemen
a republic on the southwestern shores of the Arabian Peninsula on the Indian Ocean
ylem
(cosmology) the original matter that (according to the big bang theory) existed before the formation of the chemical elements
xyster
surgical instrument for scraping bones
yurt
a circular domed dwelling that is portable and self-supporting
zoonosis
an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans
zygodactyl
(of bird feet) having the first and fourth toes directed backward the second and third forward