Upgrade to remove ads
POLI 110 CH 5 VOCAB
Terms in this set (44)
The process in which a union represents a group of employees in negotiations with the employer about wages, benefits, and workplace safety
a procedure for submitting to popluar vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term
A term the founders used to refer to political parties and special interests or interest groups
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and competing groups can check the asserted power by any one group
A collection of people who share a common interest or attitude and seek to influence government for specific ends. Interest groups usually work within the framework of government and try to achieve their goals through tactics such as lobbying.
A large body of people interested in a common issue, idea, or concern that is of continuing significance and who are willing to take action. Movements seek to change attitudes or institutions, not just policies.
A company with a labor agreement under which union membership cannot be required as a condition of employment
a company with a labor agreement under which union membership is a condition of employment.
an individual who does not join a group representing his or her interests yet receives the benefit of the group's influence
a group of individuals who share a common profession and are often organized for common political purposes related to that profession
Nongovernmental organizations (NGO)
A nonprofit assaciation or group operating outside government that advocates and pursues policy objectives.
Compared to the other industrial democracies, the American workforce_____________
is the least unionized
One of the most powerful foreign policy interest groups is __________
the American Israel Political Action Committee
What is an example of a single-issue interest group?
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
Which presidential cadidate achieve national status as an advocate of consumer protection laws?
A public interest group is one that ___________
pursues issues that will benefit broad groups of people
What is an example of a trade association?
National Association of Manufacturers
How groups form and organize to pursue their goals or objectives, including how to get individuals and groups to participate and cooperate. The term has many applications in the various social sciences such as political science, sociology, and economics.
Synonumous with "collective action", specifically studies how government officials, politicians, and voters respond to positive and negative incentives
engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials, especially legislators, and policies they enact.
An official document, published every weekday, that lists the new and proposed regulations of executive departments and regulatory agencies.
amicus curiae briefs
Literaly, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individual or organization to present arguments in addition to those presented by the immediate parties to a case
An independent expenditure only committee first allowed in 2010 after court decisions allowing unlimited contributions to such a PAC. Super PACs were important in recent elections
a tactic in which PACs collect contributions from like-minded individuals (each limited to $2,000) and present them to a candidate or political party as a "bundle", thus increasing the PAC's influence
_______ is the study of how government officials, politicians, and voters respond to positive and negative incentives.
Efforts by individuals or groups to inform and influence public officials are called _____
The ideological groups Americans for Democratic Action and the American Conservative Union produce ratings for members of __________
PACs primarily a means used by interest groups for ______
Many interest groups convince people to become active , contributing members by ________
offering incentives such as discounts on service or job opportunities
a person who is employed by and acts for an organization interest group or corporation to try to influence policy decisions and positions in the executive and legislative branches
an employment cycle in which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for interest groups or businesses with the same policy concern
a policy-making instrument composed of loosely related interest groups, congressional committee, presidential aides, and other parties
______ are relationships among interest groups, congressional committees and subcommittees, and government agencies that share a common policy concern
What percentage of lobbyists in Washington today are women?
more than 30%
The movement of indiviualds from government positions to jobs in the private secotor where they use the experience and contacts they acquired in government is known as a __________
what two important types of information do interest groups provide?
Political information and substantive information
The _________ requires lobbyists to register with the federal government and provide detailed reports about their compensations, the time they spent, and the expenses they incurred
Lobbying Disclosure Act
Political Action committee (PAC)
The political arm of an interest group thaat is legally entitled to raise funds on a voluntary basis from members, stockholders, or employees to contribute funds to candidates or political parties
A PAC formed by and officeholder that collects contributions from individuals and other PACs and then makes contributions to other candidates and political parties
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA)
Largely banned party of soft money, restored a long-standing prohibition on corporations and labor unions for using general treasury funds for electoral purposes, and narrowed the definition of issue advocacy
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts
The supreme court has ruled that individuals, groups, and parties can spend unlimited amounts in campaigns for or against candidates as long as they operate independently from candidates.
Promoting a particular position or an issue paid for by interest groups or individuals but not candidates. Much issue advocacy is often electioneering for or against a candidate, avoiding words like "Vote for", and until 2004 had not been subject to any regulation.
A political group organized under selection 527 of the IRS Code that may accept and spend unlimited amounts of money on election activities so long as they are not spent on broadcast ads run in the last 30 days before a primary or 60 days before a general election in which a clearly identified candidate is referred to and a relevant electorate is targeted
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
GOVT 1315 ch 11
Chapter 5 Terms and Quiz Questions
AP Government Monster Vocabulary
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Gov Chapter 6
Government by the People Ch. 5 vocab
AP Gov: Chapter 5: Interest Groups
AP Gov: Chapter 5: Interest Groups
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
FINANCE 201 EXAM 3 VOCAB
Poli 110 Chapter 8 Vocab
REC M 300 Test 2
Chapter 7 Poli 110 vocab