This service branch became a member of the IC in 2001. Its broad responsibilities include protecting citizens from the sea (maritime safety), protecting America from threats delivered by the sea (maritime security), and protecting the sea itself (maritime stewardship). The intelligence component of this service branch persistent presence in the maritime domain, due to its diverse mission sets and broad legal authorities, allows it to fill a unique niche within the Intelligence Community. Because of its unique access, emphasis, and expertise in the maritime domain it can collect and report intelligence that not only supports its own missions, but also supports national objectives. The intelligence provided by this branch of military strives to create decision advantage to advance U.S. interests by providing timely, actionable, and relevant intelligence to shape its operations, planning, and decision-making, and to support national and homeland security intelligence requirements. This service produces tactical and operational intelligence for battlefield support. Its IC component is comprised of all intelligence professionals in the in its service who are responsible for policy, plans, programming, budgets, and staff supervision of intelligence and supporting activities. The department supports the commandant of this military branch in his role as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, represents the service in Joint and Intelligence Community matters. The department has service staff responsibility for geospatial intelligence, advanced geospatial intelligence, signals intelligence, human intelligence, counterintelligence, and ensures there is a single synchronized strategy for the development of the Services's Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Enterprise. The intelligence component of this service branch provides policy, oversight, and guidance to its service. The service's Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnoissance (ISR) Agency organizes, trains, equips, and presents forces to conduct intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance for combatant commanders and the nation. Its ISR is also responsible for implementing and overseeing policy and guidance, and expanding the service's ISR capabilities to meet current and future challenges. The ISR Agency commander serves as the Service Cryptologic Element under NSA, and oversees Air Force Signals Intelligence activities. This agency, as an intelligence and law enforcement agency, is responsible for understanding threats to our national security and penetrating national and transnational networks that have a desire and capability to harm the U.S. The National Security Branch was established in response to a presidential directive and Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission recommendation to establish a National Security Service that combines the missions, capabilities, and resources of the agency's counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and intelligence elements under the leadership of a senior FBI official. The NSB also includes the Terrorist Screening Center, which provides crucial, actionable intelligence to state and local law enforcement, and the High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group, an interagency body that collects intelligence from key terror suspects to prevent attacks against the U.S. and its allies. The G-2 in this organization is responsible for policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities for the service branch. The G-2 is responsible for the overall coordination of the five major military intelligence (MI) disciplines within the Army: Imagery Intelligence, Signals Intelligence, Human Intelligence, Measurement and Signature Intelligence, and Counterintelligence and Security Countermeasures. This agency is the nation's cryptologic organization that coordinates, directs, and performs highly specialized activities to protect U.S. information systems and to produce foreign signals intelligence information. A high-technology organization, it at the forefront of communications and information technology. It is also one of the most important centers of foreign language analysis and research within the U.S. government and is said to be the largest employer of mathematicians in the United States and perhaps the world. Founded in 1952, it is part of the Department of Defense and a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community. This agency supports military customers, national policymakers, and the counterterrorism and counterintelligence communities, as well as key international allies. Its workforce represents an unusual combination of specialties: analysts, engineers, physicists, mathematicians, linguists, computer scientists, researchers, as well as customer relations specialists, security officers, data flow experts, managers, administrative officers and clerical assistants. This service branch is the leading provider of maritime intelligence to its service branch and joint warfighting forces, as well national decision makers and other consumers in the Intelligence Community. Established in 1882, it specializes in the analysis, production and dissemination of vital, timely and accurate scientific, technical, geopolitical and military intelligence information to key consumers worldwide. The intelligence arm of this service branch employs more than 3,000 military, civilian, mobilized reservists and contractor personnel worldwide, including analysts, scientists, engineers, specialists and technicians.