Comp & Lit Midterm (Poetry Terms and Common Lit Terms)
Terms in this set (...)
When a line breaks a sentence in a way as to drop the reader to the next line to complete the meaning. (Can show surprise, humor.)
Refers to a line that ends a sentence with a period, question mark, or exclamation point. (Brings closure to the end of that line.)
States that something is LIKE something else in order to show similarities, such as "The wind howled all night like a wolf."
Describing something as being something else: "The wind IS a hungry wolf tonight."
A type of poetry in which a very few images merely suggest something, such as William Carlos Williams' "The Red Wheelbarrow."
A poetry form that has survived and undergone changes throughout the centuries. Today it usually will not rhyme or have a metrical beat, but it is always composed of fourteen lines.
A verse in poetry. Similar to a paragraph in prose. In older forms of poetry, these stanzas were arranged into patterns which rhymed in various ways. Today poetry seldom uses end-rhymes.
Lines in which the last word in the line rhymes with other lines' last words
Words that represent ideas, intangible or concepts such as "truth" and "beauty."
Contemporary poets favor this. These are words that represent particular tangible things such as "firewood," "sycamores," "knives," "red balloons."
Repetition of vowel or consonant sounds.
Repetition of a word, phrase, or sentence for emphasis or to create an obsessive mood or a tone of incantation.
The rhythmic beat of poems - usually poems written in olden times had both meter and end-rhymes.
Deep image poetry
Poetry in which surreal imagery OR certain "loaded" words take one into the depths of consciousness, connecting the visual world to the spiritual world or to the unconscious. Much of flamenco and Spanish poetry have this quality.
A quality in gypsy poetry that means roughly the same as "soul" in African-American or Afro-Caribbean art forms.
Speech that says one thing but suggests meanings beyond the literal meaning (such as similes and metaphors)
Poetry in which the mood or music of the language and imagery predominate over the "story."
A poetry that tells a story but in a way that is much more brief than prose and much more vividly descriptive.
Many ancient plays and oral histories were presented in poetry form. These include Greek classics, Elizabethan drama such as those by Shakespeare, and even more recent dramas such as those of Federico Garcia Lorca (early 20th century).
Words that sound like what they do: chug, babble, bang, crash, trickle, gurgle, whisper, hiss, buzz, sizzle, splat, puff.
The technique of giving nonhuman subjects human characteristics
An expression that combines opposite or contradictory qualities but is none-the-less true, such as "Jumbo Shrimp."
Also called flash fiction. Tight little "stories" characterized by intense, vivid imagery, sometimes having a surreal quality, and written without line breaks, like prose.
Rhymes in which either some vowels or some consonants rhyme, but not the whole word, such as myth/bath, hope/hype, break/brick, lace/lame.
Words that rhyme within lines or stanzas but in irregular patterns rather than at the ends of lines.
The use of white space within a poem, the shape of the poem on the page and the pattern of lines. All of these have an impact on the reader.
A type of Arabic poetry in which each two-line stanza could stand alone as a poem all by itself.
A type of Japanese poetry composed of five lines with a metrical count of 5-7-5-7-7.
The events of a story and how they are arranged, usually including a conflict and its resolution.
Point of View
The perspective from which a story is told. The narrator could be a character in the story, or could be outside the story as an observer, or could be omniscient (like God).
Innocent or Naive Narrator
The narrator does not realize all of the facts that the reader is aware of in the plot.
Stream of Consciousness
Random thoughts of the narrator
Logical, but as if the narrator is talking to him/herself.
The people in the story
AKA Dynamic Characters. These are the characters the author has developed more fully and are more complex just as in real life, who change just as real people do. Sometimes, a character's name can be a clue to his/her personality, through words or names of historical people.
AKA Static Characters. Usually these characters are less important and do not develop much over the course of the story.
The time and place of a story.
The attitude that the author seems to have about his/her subject (sarcastic, humorous, sympathetic, angry, puzzled, etc.)
Whatever general insight or message the entire story reveals. Sometimes could be the "moral of the story." Often, there is more than one theme.
A symbol is something that reveals more than just its literal meaning. It hints at other meanings. Symbols are usually concrete objects, but sometimes titles of the stories or the setting or poetic names can be symbols, too.
An indication or hint of what may happen later.
An event re-lived in a character's memory.
The main character who is attempting to resolve a conflict that stands in the way of his/her personal goals.
A character who gets in the way of the protagonist and opposes the protagonist's objectives.
An important well-noted person with great ideals and great achievements.
Popular since the 1920s. An ordinary, inglorious and unnoticed citizen of the modern world who may be puzzled, cynical, angry, frustrated and alone in a hostile world.
The narrator's or a particular character's style of speaking and choice of words (Formal and well-educated; pompous; slangy; attacking; reversed; wordy, etc.)
A word's dictionary meaning
The mood that the word evokes; the shade of meaning.
Sarcasm. May say the opposite of what is meant.
Situational (or cosmic) Irony
An outcome that is totally different from what one would expect; something that shouldn't have happened according to logic.
The opening portion of a story that sets the scene, introduces the main character(s), and gives pertinent background information. (Sometimes stories omit this part and plunge right into a dramatic event that is happening.)
A specific type of literature, such as novels, poems, plays, fiction, non-fiction, essays, etc.
Any form of writing that is not poetry nor written in play (drama) format.
Stories that are imagined and created, not necessarily factual but may include some factual data such as historic events that form the backdrop for a story.
Something that requires prior knowledge of another text referred to in the writing in order to understand the underlying comparison (e.g. Faustian Economics).