Terms in this set (37)
The formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949 is a significant event in United States diplomatic history because it
committed the United States to a peacetime military alliance
One important result of the Red Scare of the 1920s and the McCarthy Era of the 1950s was the realization that
fears of subversion can lead to the erosion of constitutional liberties
Which statement describes United States reaction after both World War I and the Vietnam conflict?
Many Americans turned inward and tried to ignore events in other parts of the world
United States actions in the Vietnam War demonstrated that
military policy in a democracy is affected by popular opinion
The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to provide Europe with
"I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily economic and financial aid..."
- Harry Truman
The recommendation made in this quotation resulted from the United States need to
oppose communist expansion during the early post-World War II period
After World War II, relations between the Soviet Union and the United Stateswere marked by
conflicts where the superpowers supported opposing sides, but did not confront each other directly
During the administration of Richard Nixon, United States policy toward China was characterized by
a relaxation of strained relations
United States participation in the undeclared war in Vietnam during the 1960s and 1970s raised a serious question in the United States about the
authority of the President to make war
Which is a valid generalization about United States foreign policy during the 20th century?
The development and use of atomic weapons altered the course of United States diplomacy and foreign policy.
Which United States foreign policy trend of the 1940s and 1950s did the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and Eisenhower Doctrine best represent?
provision of economic, technical, and military assistance to nations threatened by communism
Which was a major effect of the Cold War on the United States in the 1950s?
Participation, or even past participation, in extremist movements was viewed as un-American
A cause of public controversy in the United States during both the Korean War and the Vietnam War was that in each conflict
no declaration of war was authorized by Congress
An outcome of the Korean War was that
South Korea remained non-Communist
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of central and eastern Europe... . All are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and increasing measure of control from Moscow."
- Winston Churchill
This observation by Winston Churchill is oten regarded as the symbolic start of
the cold war
The general nature of United States foreign policy since 1945 can best be described as
providing the leadership of the Western bloc of nations
United States foreign policy toward the Soviet Union during the 1970s was designed mainly to
shift relations from the confrontation of the cold-war era to negotiations in an era of better understanding
Which is the chief reason the United States Government has often supported dictatorships in economically less developed nations since World War II?
Many dictatorships have been strongly anti-communist.
The first disagreements between the United States and the Soviet Union after the defeat of Germany in World War II occurred as a result of the
failure of the Soviet Union to withdraw from Eastern Europe
A major foreign policy change of President Richard Nixon was the establishment of
diplomatic relations with Communist China
A major reason for the ending of the Cold War Era was that
the Soviet Union was seriously weakened by internal conflict and economic difficulties
Membership in the United Nations demonstrates the United States commitment to a policy of
A similarity between the Red Scare of the 1920s and McCarthyism in the 1950s was that during each period
the civil liberties of American citizens were threatened
Both the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba (1961) and the invasion of Panama (1989) are examples of United States attempts to
eliminate unfriendly governments geographically close to the United States
The Washington Naval Conference of 1921-22 and the SALT talks of the 1970s between the United States and the Soviet Union both reflect the belief that
escalating military buildups are one of the causes of war
"Those of us who shout the loudest about Americanism in making character assassinations are all too frequently those who, by our own words and acts, ignore some of the basic principles of Americanism."
- Senator Margaret Chase Smith, 1950
This criticism of Senator Joseph McCarthy and his supporters suggests that
Senator McCarthy was a greater threat to the nation than Communist sympathizers were
During the Cold War Era, the easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in
a treaty banning nuclear weapons
"Resolved..., that the Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Command-er in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States..."
- Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
This congressional resolution provided justification for
Lyndon Johnson's involvement in Vietnam
Most Americans who opposed sending United States troops to fight in the Vietnam War believed that
the United States should not police the world
In the 1950s, the domino theory was used by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to justify
United States involvement in Vietnam
During the Cold War era, the United States and the Soviet Union were hesitant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
the potential for global nuclear destruction
President John F. Kennedy supported the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba as an effort to
remove a communist dictator from power
What was one outcome of the Cuban missile crisis in 1962?
The Soviet Union withdrew its nuclear missiles from Cuba.
During the Korean War, President Harry Truman removed General Douglas MacArthur from command because MacArthur
threatened the constitutional principle of civilian control of the military
"Gorbachev Proposes Nuclear Arms Reductions"
"Berliners Travel Freely Between East and West"
"Russia Seeks To Join NATO"
These headlines are most closely associated with the
decline of Cold War hostilities
"Batista Driven from Power"
"Bay of Pigs Invasion Fails"
"U-2 Planes Reveal Soviet Missiles"
These headlines refer to the relationship between the United States and
Which President created and advocated the policy of "Vietnamization"?