The questions below refer to the following quotation.
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation
so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure....It is for us, the living...to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us...that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
- President Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address, July 1863
24. The passage above best serves as evidence of which of the following?
a. Union victory in the Civil War
b. The mobilization of the Union economy and society to wage the war
c. Unresolved questions about the power of the federal government and
d. The changing purpose of the Civil War
"Section 6: when a person held to labor in any State, has escaped into another State, the person to whom such labor may be due ... may pursue and reclaim such fugitive person, either by warrant, ... or by seizing and arresting such fugitive; and ... to use such reasonable force and restraint as may be necessary
Section 7: any person who shall willingly hinder from arresting such a fugitive, or shall rescue, or attempt to rescue, such fugitive from labor, from the custody of such claimant ...; or shall aid, abet, or assist such person ... to escape from such claiman ...; or shall harbor or conceal such fugitive, shall, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six months ...; and shall pay the sum of one thousand dollars for each fugitive so lost"
- Fugitive Slave Act, 1850
"Far in the West rolls the thunder - The tumult of battle is raging Where bleeding Kansas is waging War against Slavery"
- The New York Tribune, Charles C. Weyman, 1856
26. Weyman wrote this poem in response to
A. increased demand for slaves to work in the growth of factories developing in
newly acquired territories
B. the support of the newly elected Congressional leaders who promoted abolition
C. court rulings that allowed for the gradual emancipation of all slaves in the western
D. legislation that provided for popular sovereignty in the territory of Kansas
"The question is simply this: can a negro whose ancestors were imported into this country and sold as slaves become a member of the political community formed and brought into existence by the Constitution of the United States, and as such become entitled to all the rights, and privileges, and immunities, guaranteed by that instrument to the citizen, one of which rights is the privilege of suing in a court of the United States in the cases specified in the Constitution? In the opinion of the court, the legislation and
histories of the times, and the language used in the Declaration of Independence, show that neither the class of persons who had been imported as slaves nor their descendants, whether they had become free or not, were then acknowledged as a part of the people, nor intended to be included in the general words used in that memorable
28. The above opinion is a response to which Supreme Court case?
a. Plessy v. Ferguson
c. Marbury v. Madison
d. Dred Scott v. Sanford
Provision 7. That the new dogma that the Constitution, of its own force, carries slavery into any or all of the territories of the United States, is a dangerous political heresy, .... Provision 8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the United States is that of
freedom: That, as our Republican fathers, when they had abolished slavery in all our national territory, ordained that "no persons should be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law," it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever such
legislation is necessary, to maintain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a territorial legislature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to slavery in any territory of the United States.
- Excerpts from the Republican Party Platform of 1860
34. Provision 7 of the party platform was most likely in response to which event?
a. the Compromise of 1850
b. Bleeding Kansas
c. the Dred Scott decision
d. John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
It has been settled by the decisions of the highest court in Missouri, that by the laws of that State, a slave does not become entitled to his freedom, where the owner takes him to reside in a State where slavery is not permitted, and afterwards brings him back to
Missouri. Conclusion. It follows that it is apparent upon the record that the court below erred in its judgment on the plea in abatement and also erred in giving judgment for the defendant, when the exception shows that the plaintiff was not a citizen of the United
States. And as the Circuit Court had no jurisdiction, either in the case stated in the plea in abatement, or in the one stated in the exception, its judgment in favor of the defendant is erroneous, and must be reversed.
- Dred Scott v. Sandford, 1857
38. What effect did the above ruling have on previous American legislation regarding slavery?
a. It declared the provisions of Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
b. It strengthened the provisions of the Northwest Compromise
c. It invalidated the Fugitive Slave Act
d. It validated the Black Codes of the South