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Fed Govt 2305 Exam 2 chp. 6-8 & 10
Terms in this set (45)
The standard socioeconomic model of participation chiefly refers to which of the following?
Education, income, and occupation
Elections, as an institutional mechanism, do which of the following?
They bolster the power and authority of the state.
Which of the following amendments lowered the voting age to 18?
The American emphasis on freedom over equality in political participation works to the benefit of which of the following?
Those with greater resources
To maintain order, the government has a stake in doing which of the following whenever possible?
Converting unconventional participation into conventional participation
Women could vote in all states with the ratification of which of the following amendments in 1920?
Which of the following groups is most likely to engage in unconventional political participation?
In 1965, which of the following laws was passed by Congress that effectively ended strategies that had discriminated against African Americans at the polls?
Voting Rights Act
Which of the following amendments extended voting rights to African American males?
Because it depends on mass participation in politics, majoritarianism tends to do which of the following?
It limits individual freedom
Characteristics frequently associated with nonvoters include which of the following?
Low education, low income, and being relatively young
Relatively routine participatory behaviors that use the established institutions of representative government such as voting in an election are called which of the following?
Serving as an election judge is an example of which of the following?
Congress and the states moved quickly to pass the Twenty-Sixth Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18, because of which of the following?
They hoped to channel student energy away from demonstrations and toward more conventional forms of participation.
In Oregon, everyone votes by which of the following methods?
Which of the following best describes the views of many political scientists and scholars on third parties?
They serve as a safety valve for dissident political groups and prevent major confrontations and political unrest.
Which of the following is true of a winner-take-all electoral system?
The candidate who gets the most votes win
Which of the following best describes political parties during the period leading up to the Civil War?
The Whig Party split over the issue of slavery, and antislavery factions of many parties coalesced to form the Republican Party.
A political party is a group of individuals who do which of the following?
Organize to win elections and operate the government
The main purpose of a political party is to do which of the following in order to control government and implement its policies?
The first partisan political division in the United States was between which of the following
Federalist and anti-federalist
The winner-take-all principle can be observed in the United States when which of the following selects the president and the vice president?
Which of the following statements about third parties in the United States is true?
They are discouraged by the election laws in many states
What term is used to describe voters adjusting their long-term allegiance from one party to another in response to ideological changes?
The organizational structure of both political parties reflects which of the following concepts?
The American electoral system can be described as both a single-member plurality system and which of the following?
The first political parties in the United States, the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, had opposing views related to which of the following?
Amount of power that should be granted to the national government
Political parties used the patronage system as a way to do which of the following?
Build party loyalty
From 1832 to 1856, which two parties dominated American politics and presidential elections?
Democrats and whigs
Which of the following occurs in a proportional representation electoral system?
Political parties win seats in a legislature based on the proportion of the vote they receive.
The lobbyist's primary job involves which of the following?
Passing information on to his or her employers and policymakers
A strategy that relies on a group representative's personal contact with policymakers is which of the following?
The American Farm Bureau Federation tries to influence public policy decisions that affect farmers. This is an example of which of the following?
An interest group
When a veterans group publicizes reports of excessive wait times at Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals, which function is the veterans' group performing?
Because the winning party will have a stronger voice than its opponent in policy decisions, elections inject some of the benefits of which of the following into the political system?
Most interest groups have a bias toward which of the following?
The middle and upper-class
Which of the following describes an interest group bringing a new political or policy issue to the public's attention?
Which of the following is true of the overrepresentation of business interests in Washington?
They are frequently divided and mobilize to lobby against each other.
If a lobbyist is trying to convince a legislator to support a particular bill, one of the most valuable resources in doing so is which of the following?
A large and politically active membership
Which of the following makes it difficult to regulate interest groups?
The right to petition the government outlined in the First Amendment
A free rider is which of the following?
Someone who benefits from the actions of a group without joining it
Generating public pressure and awareness may do which of the following?
Convince policymakers that public opinion overwhelmingly supports the interest group's position
Enticing individuals to join an interest group for solidary incentives has become easier because of which of the following?
The advent of social media
Many interest groups employ which of the following, who are hired to represent the group's interests to the government?
Which of the following statements regarding the existence of interest groups is true?
Interest group leaders are usually from the lower socioeconomic groups.
In which complementary and alternative medicine domain would we find therapies such as herbs and vitamins? a. Manipulative and body-based methods. b. Mind-body interventions. c. Alternative medical system. d. Biologically based therapies. e. Energy therapies.
“It can’t happen to me. I’m special” is a common attitude found in adolescents who have developed a. a self-concept. c. a personal fable. b. an imaginary audience. d. a preconventional morality
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