30 terms

Intro to OT test #3

What are the divisions of AOTA?
Business Operations Division (membership, marketing, corporate relations, and exhibits and advertising), Division of Public Affairs (federal affairs, reimbursement and regulatory policy, state affairs and public/media relations), Professional Affairs Division (accreditation, education, practice, and professional development), and Finance, Information Technology and Administration Division
Provide some information about the volunteer sector of AOTA
The volunteer sector consists of all the MEMBERS of the association and is represented by the executive board and the representative assembly
Where is the National AOTA Conference held each year?
Location varies year by year
What committee of AOTA is responsible for furthering legislative aims of the profession?
AOTPAC - American Occupational Therapy Political Action Committee
Which organization is designed to advance the science of OT?
American Occupational Therapy Foundation
What was the ORIGINAL journal name published by the AOTF?
Occupational Therapy Journal of Research (OTJR)
When was the WFOT developed?
Established in 1952
What are the program areas of WFOT?
There are five program areas: standards and quality, education and research, promotion and development, international cooperation, and executive programs
How often is the International Conference held?
Every 4 years
What is AOTPAC?
The American Occupational Therapy Political Action Committee furthers the legislative aims of the profession by attempting to influence the selection, nomination, election, or appointment of persons to public office.
How do you become a member of AOTA?
Active membership as an OT or OTA requries LICENSURE (but NOT certification)
Who are the members of the representative assembly?
Elected representatives from each recognized state, elected offers of the assembly and the association, a representative from the student committee, an occupational therapy assistant representative, the first delegate of the WFOT, and the chairpersons of the commissions.
What is the representative assembly of the volunteer sector of the AOTA?
legislative and policy-making body of AOTA
What is ACOTEs role?
to set the educational standards of occupational therapy
What is the goal of OT services?
to engage in occupations
What are ADLs?
activities involved in taking care of one's own body and include such things as dressing, bathing, grooming, eating, feeding, personal device care, toileting, sexual activity, sleep/rest
What are IADLs?
activities that may be considered optional and involve the environment and include care of others, care of pets, child rearing, communication device use, community mobility, health management, financial management, home establishment and management, meal preparation and clean up, safety, and shopping
Categories for analysis of occupational performance
performance patterns (habits, routines, roles), activity demands (objects used and their approaches, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required body functions, required body structures), performance skills (motor skills, process skills, communication/interaction skills), context (cultural, physical, social, personal, spiritual, temporal, virtual), client factors (body functions, body structures)
Describe the client-centered approach for therapy?
the OT practitioner is interested in the client's viewpoint, narrative, and desires; involves working collaboratively with clients and is considered a foundational componoent of OT practice
What are some intervention approaches?
Create/Promote (Health Promotion) - this approach provides opportunities for people with and without disabilities. Activity/program setup in hope that all those who participate will benefit by enhanced perfomance (ex. after school handwriting program for 3rd - 5th graders).
Establish/Restore (Remediate) - uses strategies and techniques to change client factors to establish skills that have not yet developed or to restore those that have been lost (ex. working with a stroke victim who lost use of her right side)
Maintain - provides support to allow the client to continue to perform in the manner in which he or she is accustomed (ex. doing a home eval and making modifications - removal of rugs, etc - to allow an aging person to continue to live home alone)
Modify (Compensate/Adaptation) - changing of activities so clients may continue to perform them despite poor skill level (ex. simple day planner for a teacher to list a child's hw - child is extremely disorganized and has difficulty writing quickly)
Prevent - help clients engage in activities to prevent or slow down disease, trauma, or poor health (ex. program designed to prevent childhood obesity provides physical activity and nutrition education)
What are the different types of activities?
Preparatory - designed to get clients ready to engage in occupations (stretching, ROM, exercise, heat or ice)
Purposeful - leads to occupation and may be PART of the occupation (folding towels is purposeful for occupation of household maintenance)
Occupation-based - participation in the actual occupation in the context in which it occurs
What does the OT's role for education involve?
imparting knowledge to the client, may include providing info about the occupation, or diagnoses
What does the OT's role for consultation involve?
a type of intervention in which practitioners use their knowledge and expertise to collaborate with the client... identifying the problem, creating possible solutions, and altering them as necessary for greater effectiveness, OT is NOT responsible for the outcome of the intervention
One thing to remember about lifespan changes...
everyone develops at their own rate
Describe the principle of object permanence?
As a infant develops, they learn object permanence which means that when shown an object, and then having the object hidden, they still understand the object exists although they can not see it
What are the types of settings?
Infancy - NICU, hospitals, early intervention programs, and home health agencies
Childhood - school system and clinics, may also find OT for children in hospitals
Adolescence - hospitals, day treatment centers, school systems, or rehabilitation centers
Later adulthood - hospice
role of OT intervention is to CLOSE THE GAP
Describe family-centered care
OT practitioner working with infants provide family-centered care, entailing they work closely with the family; involves working with the family members on goals that are considered important to them; supports parents as being the "expert" on their child and urges practitioners to listen and respond to family requests
What type of service is OT intervention in a school setting considered?
What is learned helplessness?
a phenomenon that many elderly people manifest that results when others do everything for the older individual and do not let him or her make decisions and engage in activities