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Protists and Fungi Notes

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Which is true about Protists?
Protists can be one-celled or many-celled organisms
These type of protists usually reproduce asexually
One-celled
Which of these is NOT a classification of protists?
bacteria-like
What helps a euglenoid sense light?
an eyespot
These are also called fire algae
Dinoflagellates
Plant-like protists are commonly called this
Algae
One type of brown algae is called
kelp
Which is true of green algae?
Plants may have evolved from many-celled green algae
Carrageenan can be found in
toothpaste
What do protozoans use to sweep food into their oral grooves?
cilia
Which of these helps protozoans move?
pseudopods
A human disease caused by protozoa is called
malaria
Which of these is NOT a funguslike protist?
imperfect fungi
Water mold contributed to problems that marked which historical period?
the Irish potato famine
Which of these cause red tides when found in large numbers?
dinoflagellates
These are threadlike tubes in fungi
hyphae
The production of this helps fungi reproduce
spores
Which of these is a club fungi?
toadstools
Where do sac fungi produce spores?
in the ascus
Zygospore fungi make spores in their
sporangia
These are important in the weathering process of rocks
lichens
Orchids and other plants may develop these to help them grow
mycorrhiza
Which of these fungi is used for baking?
yeast
Which scientists study fungi?
mycologists
Which of these is an imperfect fungus?
Penicillium
All protists share these characteristics
eukaryotes and live in moist surroundings
name given to animal-like protists
protozoans
Characteristics of protozoans
heterotroph, able to move from place to place, and unicellular
Scientists distinguish between four types of protozoans based on what?
the way the organisms move and live
The four types of protozoans
pseudopods, cilia, flagella, other
What cell part in an ameba removes excess water?
contractile vacuole
This type of protozoan has two nuclei and uses cilia to move
paramecium
Example of an animal-like protist that uses pseudopods to move
ameba
Example of an animal-like protist that uses flagella to move
zooflagellate
Animal-like protists that feed on the cells and the body fluids of their hosts (parasites)
sporozoans
Fungus-like protists have these characteristics
heterotrophs, cell walls, use spores to reproduce, and are able to move at some point in their lives
Three types of fungus-like protists
water molds, downy mildews, slime molds
Where do most water molds and downy mildews live?
water or moist places
Where do slime molds live?
moist soil and decaying plants/trees
Like plants, plant-like protists are this
autotrophs
Euglenoids, diatoms, and dinoflagellates are examples of what?
algae